Pearson NCLEX-PN

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Author:
harstanner
ID:
164195
Filename:
Pearson NCLEX-PN
Updated:
2012-07-27 15:37:48
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Pearson NCLEX PN Chpt Legal Ethical
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Description:
Pearson NCLEX PN Chpt 4 Legal and Ethical
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  1. this group provides guidance to nurses and protection for clients and families
    ANA
  2. Freedom to make decisions that affect self and to take action for self;
    autonomy
  3. is self-governing and includes 4 basic elements: respect for others, ability to determine person goals, complete understanding of choice, and freedom to implement plan or choice
    autonomy
  4. to do no harm, either intentional or unintentional
    nonmaleficence
  5. to act in the best interest of others; to contribute to the well-being of others; includes client advocacy, has three major components: to promote good, prevent harm or evil, and remove harm or evil
    beneficence
  6. fair, equitable, and appropriate treatment; resources are distrubuted equally to all
    justice
  7. raminaing faithful to ethical principles and ANA  Code of Ethics for Nurses; keeping commitments and promises
    Fidelity
  8. to tell the truth, which has added benefit of promoting trust between client and nurse
    veracity
  9. being answerable to self and others of one's actions; includes the concept of responsibiltiy, a specific type of accountability for duties performed within a specific role
    accountability
  10. legal limits of nursing are dictated by state and federal laws and guidelines are are regulate by who?
    each state's Board of Nursing
  11. determines the scope of practice for a professional nurse in a specifice state
    Nurse Practice Act
  12. Type of law:
    law of the land; defines structure, power and limits of government; guarantees fundamental rights and liberty.  Example due process or equal protection
    Constitution
  13. Type of Law:
    Law enacted by legislative branch of government; regulatory agencies are established through statutes.  Example:  Nurse practice act, informed consent, living wills, reporting abuse, and sexual harassment
    Statutory laws
  14. Type of law:
    judge made law, derived from court decision that establish a precedent by which other cases are judged.  Example:  Resoulution of a dispute between two parties
    Common laws
  15. Type of law:
    Authority of administrative agencies to create rules and regulations to enforce statutory laws.  Example:  Rules and regulations of a State Board of Nursing
    Administrative Laws
  16. Type of law:
    laws affecting safety and welfare of public.  Example  Homicide, theft, arson, sexual assault, euthanasia
    Criminal Law
  17. Type of law:
    Law that applies to relationship between private individuals; includes contract law and tort law. 
    Private or civil law
  18. nurses are responsible and accountable for incorrect or inappropriate actions or inactions
    Liability
  19. unintentional failure to act as a reasonable person in similar circumstances would act that results in injury to another
    negligence
  20. nurse has responsibility to care for and watch over clients as a componenet of employment; it indicates legal relationship between clients and nurses
    duty
  21. nurse fails to complete this duty; this can include acts of commission (activities nurses did) or omission (activities nurse failed to do)
    Breech of duty
  22. client has suffered physical, emotional, or financial injuries
    injury occured
  23. there is a reasonable close causal connection between nurse's conduct and resulting injury
    proximate cause
  24. negligence by a professional; professional failure to carry out or perform duties that result in injury to another; acting outside one's scope of practice
    malpractice
  25. threat of harm or unwanted contact with client that causes the client fear
    assault
  26. a purposeful touching of client without that client's consent
    battery
  27. can result from violations of confidentiality
    invasion of privacy
  28. deliberately deceiving client for purpose of unlawful gain
    Fraud
  29. sharing client information with a third party that results in damage to client's reputation; can occur in the form of slander (oral) or libel (in writing)
    defamation of character
  30. prohibiiting a client from leaving a health care facility with no legal justification
    false imprisionment
  31. using chemical or physical restraints without satisfactory clinical evidence of need
    false imprisionment

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