Med Term Test #1

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hcompton
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1642
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Med Term Test #1
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2009-11-25 01:36:59
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Med Term Test #1
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Medical Term Test Question #1
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  1. What word root describes a blue discoloration of the skin caused by a lack of adequate oxygen..?
    Cyan/o
  2. What is the situation that a combining vowel NOT used..?
    When a suffix begins with a vowel
  3. What prefix means bad, difficult, or painful?
    Dys-
  4. What is the appropriate plural form for phalanx..?
    Phalanges
  5. What is the term for the objective evidence of a disease?
    Sign
  6. Which term means situated furthest from the beginning of a body structure? Ex: The wrist is ___ from the shoulder.
    Proximal
  7. Which terms mean upppermost, above, or towards the head?
    Superior and Cephalic
  8. An nosicomial illness refers to what..?
    An infection acquired in a hospital or clinic
  9. What is considered a horizontal plane..?
    Transverse Plane
  10. What planes divides the body into unequal left and right portions..?
    Parasagittal plane
  11. Root word meaning plaque or fatty substance is....?
    Ather/o
  12. Abnormal narrowing of an artery or arteries is called..?
    Arteriostenosis
  13. What term means an inflammation of a nerve..?
    Neuritis
  14. The internal and external surfaces of the body are covered by..?
    Parietal Peritoneum
  15. The abdominal cavity (not including internal organs) is lined by....
    Parietal peritoneum
  16. True or False... The stomach is located inferior to the diaphragm.
    True
  17. What is the term that describes the tough, fibrous tissue that forms the outermost covering of bone..?
    Periosteum
  18. Blood collection within a joint is referred to as what term..?
    Hemarthrosis
  19. What type of arthritis is due to purine crystal deposits develping within a joint..?
    Gouty Arthritis
  20. Partial dislocation of a joint is referred to what..?
    Subluxation
  21. Pain within the joints is considered what..?
    Arthralgia
  22. Thinner than average bone density that is severe is considered to be..?
    Osteoporosis
  23. What imaging is used to best diagnosis osteoporosis with more definitive results and is least invasive and is least expensive?
    Dual X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA)
  24. What medication is used to control pain and to reduce inflammation and swelling..?
    Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS)
  25. A fracture treatment procedure in which pins are placed through the soft tissues and bone so that an external appliance can be used to hold the pieces of bone firmly in place during healing. What type of procedure is this called?
    External Fixation
  26. The tissue that connects muscle to bone is what..?
    Tendon
  27. True or False.... A physician who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases characterized by inflammation in the connective tissue is an orthopedic.
    False
  28. True or False... The type of arthritis that is commonly known as wear-and-tear arthritis is osteoarthritis.
    True
  29. What type of fracture describes what occurs when the bone is splintered or crushed?
    Comminuted
  30. The bulging calcium deposit that forms around the area of the break during the healing of a fractured bond is a..
    Callus
  31. An abnormal increase in the forward curvature of the lower or lumbar spine is known as...?
    Lordosis
  32. What term means moves towards the midline..?
    Adduction
  33. What term means increasing an angle, as in straightening a joint..?
    Extension
  34. What muscles are under voluntary control...?
    Skeletal
  35. What term means extreme slowness of movement...?
    Bradykinesia
  36. A term meaning a band of fibers that hold structures together abnormally is..?
    Adhesion
  37. The group of muscles that hold the head of the humerus securely in place as it rotates within the shoulder joint form the...?
    Rotator Cuff
  38. Inflammation of the plantar area causing foot or heel pain when walking or running due to inadequate foot support is known as..?
    Plantar Fascitis
  39. True or False... Paraplegia is the total paralysis of the lower half of the body.
    True
  40. Quadraplegia means...
    Total paralysis of all four extremities
  41. What is the term that refers to pain in the leg muscles that comes and goes in intervals during exercise and is relieved by rest...?
    Intermittent Claudication
  42. The surgical treatment of carpal tunnel syndrome is known as..?
    Carpal Tunnel release
  43. The term meaning pain in a tendon is..?
    Tenodynia
  44. What term refers to bending the foot straight upward at the ankle..?
    Dorsiflexion
  45. What term refers to turning the palm of the hand upward...?
    Supination
  46. Lower than normal blood pressure is called..?
    Hypotension
  47. What is the term that means a large amount of blood loss in a short time is...?
    Hemorrhage
  48. The term that describes the belly button is...?
    Umbilicus
  49. What is the term that refers to a protusion of the intervertebral disc posteriorly into the spinal cord or into one of its roots?
    Herniated disc
  50. Narrow band of nonelastic tissue that attaches bone to bone is an..
    Ligament

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