Card Set Information

2012-07-29 00:45:10

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  1. OSHA
    Occupational Safety and Health Adminstration
  2. Where should you store heavy items or potentially hazardous liquids?
    Eyelevel or below. The lower the shelf the better.
  3. What are the 12 steps to prevent animal-related injuries?
    • 1. Pay ATTENTION to the animal and it's reaction no the proceedure
    • 2. Learn proper restraint methods for all species
    • 3. Obtain help from coworkers
    • 4. Use mechanical devices for large animals
    • 5. Use restraint equipment such as muzzles, leashes, capture poles, squeeze cages and leather gloves.
    • 6. Do not put your face close to the hoof or moth of an unsedated animal
    • 7. If you feel unsafe discuss the need for tranquilization with the vet.
    • 8. Insure that the lighting is good and footing is not slippery.
    • 9. Avoid working with fractious animals alone.
    • 10. Plan an escape route
    • 11. Do not put any part of your body between a large animal and the side of the enclosure.
    • 12. Wear latex examination gloves, surgical masks and a gown when treating animals with zoonotic diseases.
  4. Where is the most common location for a dog bite?
    radius or ulna
  5. Where is the most common location for a cat bite?
    the hand
  6. Which has the higher risk for infection (cat or dog bites)?
    cat biets
  7. What is MSDS?
    Material safety data sheets
  8. What is the number one problem with antibotics?
    misuse and overuse
  9. What is another name for antibotics?
  10. What happens if bacteria becomes resistant?
    antibotics become ineffective
  11. What is the FDA?
    Food and Drug administration.
  12. What is the USDA?
    United States Department of Agriculture
  13. What is the CDC?
    Center for Disease Control
  14. Who are at the most risk for zoonotic diseases?
    • Infants
    • Elderly
    • Pregnant women
    • People undergoing treatment for cancer
    • People who have recieved organ transplants
    • People with HIV/AIDS
    • People without spleens
  15. What animals should be avoided by people with higher risks for contracting zoonotic diseases?
    • reptiles
    • baby chicks & ducklings
    • puppies and kittens less than 6 months old
    • pets with diarreah
  16. What is the parasite that causes Toxoplasmosis?
    Toxoplasma gondii
  17. How can toxoplasmosis be aquired?
    • accidental ingestion of cat feces
    • ingestion of raw or partly cooked meat (especially pork, lamb or venison)¬†
    • dirty kitchen utensils
    • contaminated water
    • (rare) organ transplant or blood transfusion
  18. Who should be worried the most about toxoplasmosis?
    pregnante women
  19. What are the symptoms of Toxoplasmosis?
    • Flu-like symptoms
    • swollen lymph glands
    • muscle aches and or pain that last for a month or more
    • (rare) Eye damage or brain

    pregnacy issues including abortion
  20. What is the bacteria responsable for cat scratch fever?
    Bartonella henselae
  21. What are other names for cat scratch fever?
    Cat scratch disease or CSD
  22. What are the symptoms of cat scratch fever?
    • flu-like symptoms
    • mild infection at the point of injury
    • swollen lymph nodes (head, neck and upper limbs)
    • fever, headaches, fatigue and poor appetite
  23. What is the usual treatment for cat scratch fever?
    it is usually self-limiting
  24. What is the plague caused by?
    bacteria Yersinia pestis
  25. What season is the most occurances of the plague?
    March and October.
  26. Where does the plague occure in the US?
    Southwestern US
  27. What are other names of the Plague?
    Black Death or bubonic plague
  28. What are the symptoms of the plague and how long does it take for them to appear?
    • 2 to 6 days after infection
    • flu-like symptoms including feaver, chills, weakness, & swolen/painful lymphnodes.

    if treatment is not given  right away people will not survive.
  29. What needs to happen if the plague is suspected?
    • protection of those having contact with the infected animal
    • iniation of public health intervetions (CDC)
  30. What is ringworm?
    a fungus, Microsporum  canis
  31. What does ringworm look like?
    It is a round, raised area.

    The rash can be either dry and scaly or wet and crusty.
  32. How is ringworm diagnosed?
    wet mouth of potassium hydroxide and ink.

    it may fluoresce bright yellow-green when viewed under wood's lamp

    isolation of organizm from lesion is definitive