Similar to Brahman, it encompasses everything and is not dualistic. We cannot fully understand it. Ch'i came from Tao. Contains five Agents. It's a macrocosm of the universe
What is the physical universe?
the physical manifestation of Tao that is visible and tangible to us. It is Tao that can be experienced in life.
What is the aspect of human life?
Ch'i flows through all beings as a breath and a vital energy that one must balance to be at peace.
Describe Church Taoism
Known as Popular Taoism starting around 5th century BC. Has an order of priests and rituals with many Gods. The Jade Emperor is the highest earthly emperor. Also has three Officials of Heaven, Earth, Water. Priests are free to marry. Celestial Master is the largest Sect.
List the vitality practices
nutritional and herbal techniques
One of the vitality practices
uses needles to unblock vital channels of energy called meridians
similar to Chakra
describe taoist yogas
Patterned on Raja Yoga
waiting with a blank mind
describe the herbal and nutritional methods
thousands of herbs and food in the Taoist pharmacology
influence earth, wood, fire, water, metal
what are the Five Agents?
describe the sexual technique
one of the vitality practices
men and women withhold orgasms to have that energy float to their head and enlarge them
describe the breathing techniques
one of the vitality practices
similar to hindu techniques to calm the mind
describe Tai Ch'i
sacred dance of the body to channel ch'i
reenactment of the creation of the universe
left foot = yang
right foot = yin
List the philosophical ideas
Yin and Yang
Naturalness and simplicity
humility and pacifism
value of negative spaces
means actionless action
ch'i flows through them as they are ready and relaxed
go with the flow
describe Yin and Yang
yin = dark - darkness, death, female
yang = light - light, activity, male
the opposites dovetail and share dots in center
Describe naturalness and simplicity
do not abide by strict customs but be spontaneous
going with the flow of life
describe humility and pacifism
love for those who are crippled and empoverished
soldiers at the bottom
symbolized by water
describe befriending nature
not killing ANY part of nature
humans on same level as animals]
all are part of tao
Describe Negative spaces and metaphyical emptiness
cups, doors. windows, are important because of their negative space
one should be empty of all desires and needs
List the concepts of Confucianism
Who is Confucianism based on?
K'ung Fr-tzu who lived from 551bc to 479bc and was given the name Confucius by Christian missionaries
means man-to-man-ness or social respect
should be at center of family
ideal person which translates as "gentlemen" and "scholar"
possesses grace and ease of knowing what to do and say "savoir faire"
China, Korea, Japan, Taiwan
describe Li and the concepts of it
means propriety or the way things should be done
-respect for elders
-doctrine of the mean
-rectification of names
-five constant relationships
what is respect for elders
one of the concepts of Li
unconditional respect for ancestors
what is the doctrine of the mean?
one of the concepts of li
be moderate in all things and balanced
what is the rectification of names
humans should live up to their titles and roles
not say one thing do another
what are the five constant relationships?
husband and wife
parents and child
younger sibling and older
elder friend and junior
ruler and subject
know your place
what is te
one of the concepts of confucianism means "power" and "virtue"
government must be run by virtuous people
set by emperor
confucianist concept meaning "arts of peace"
society judged on it's arts
edited the five classics
the analects are K'ung's sayings
what are the five classics
books K'ung edited
-book of poetry
-book of rites
-book of history
-book of changes
-spring and autumn annals
what are the analects
book of K'ung's sayings and teachings compiled after death
what is shu
confucianist concept meaning "reciprocity"
the reverse "golden rule"
do not do unto other what we wouldn't want for ourselves