Blood and Lymph Systems

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Author:
Curlierachie
ID:
164421
Filename:
Blood and Lymph Systems
Updated:
2012-07-30 10:21:37
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Chapter Blood Lymph system
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Description:
Chapter 8 Blood and Lymph system
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  1. blast/o
    germ or bud
  2. ghrom/o
    color
  3. chyl/o
    juice
  4. hem/o
    blood
  5. immuno/o
    safe
  6. lymph/o
    clear fluid
  7. morph/o
    form
  8. myel/o
    bone marrow
  9. phag/o
    eat or swallow
  10. plas/o 
    formation
  11. reticul/o
    a net
  12. splen/o
    spleen
  13. thromb/o
    clot
  14. thym./o
    thymus gland
  15. plasma
    liquid portion of the blood and lymph containing water proteins salts nutrients hormones vitamins and cellular components
  16. serum
    liquid portion of the blood left after the clotting process
  17. erythrocyte
    red blood cell tha ttransports oxygen and carbon dioxide
  18. hemoglobin
    protein iron compound contained in the erythrocyte
  19. leukocyte
    white blood cell that protects the body from a invasion of harmful substances
  20. platelets
    thrombocytes- cell fragmens in the blood essential for clotting
  21. thymus
    primary gland of the lymphatic system 
  22. spleen
    filters out aging blood cells
  23. lymph
    fluid originating in the organs and tissues of the body
  24. antigen 
    a substance that when introduced into the body causes formation of antibiodies
  25. immunoglobulins
    protein antibodies secreted by lymphocytes that protect the body frominvasion of forign pathogens
  26. erythropenia
    an abnormally reduced number of red blood cells
  27. lymphocytopenia
    an abnormally reduced number of lymphocytes
  28. neutropenia
    a decrease in the number of neutrophils
  29. pancytopenia
    an abnormally reduced number of all cellular componens in theblood
  30. hemolysis
    breakdown fo the red blood cell membrane
  31. immunocompromised
    impaires immunological denses caused by immunodeficienncy
  32. immunosuppression
    impaired ability to provide an immune response
  33. lymphadenopathy
    the presence of enlarged and diseased lymph nodes
  34. Splenomegaly 
    enlargement of the spleen
  35. Anemia
    a condition in which there is a reduction in the number of red blood cells the amount of hemoglobin or the volume of packed red cells in the blood
  36. aplastic anemia
    failure of the marrow to produce red blood cells
  37. iron deficiency anemai
    lack of iron affecting the production of the hemoglobin and characterized by small red blood cells
  38. pernicious anemia
    inadequate supply of vitamin b 12 -causes red blood cells to be deforemed
  39. leukemia
    a chronic or acute malignant disease of the blood forming organs
  40. lymphoma
    any neoplastic disorder of the lymph tissue , usually malignant
  41. mononucleosis
    a condition caused by the Epstein Barr virus Increase in mononuclear cells
  42. polycythemia
    an incerease int he number of erythrocytes and hemoglobin in the blood
  43. Septicemia
    a systemic disease caused by the infection of the microorganisims and their toxins in the circulating blood
  44. thrombocytopenia
    a bleeding disorder characterized by an abnormal decrease in the number of platelets inthe blood which impairs clotting
  45. Blood Chemistry
    a test of the fluid porition of the blood to measure presence of a chemical constituents
  46. blood chem panels
    blood cheisty tests performed on a single sample of blood 
  47. blood culture
    a test to deterimine if a infection is present in the blood stream
  48. CD4 Cell count
    a measure of the number of CD4 cells in the blood -used to monitor the course of HIV
  49. Complete Blood Count (CBC)
    the most common laboratory blood test performed as a screen of general health or for diagnostic purposes
  50. white blood count (WBC)
    a count of the number of white blood cells 
  51. red blood count (RBC)
    a count of the number of red blood cells 
  52. hemoglobin (HGB)
    a test to determine the blood level of hemoglobin
  53. Hematocrit
    a measurement of the precentage of packed red blood cells in a given volume of blood
  54. erythrocyte sedimentation rate
    a timed test to measure the reate at which red blood cells settle or fall through a given amount of plasma
  55. Prothrombin Time
    a test to measure the activity of prothrombin in th eblood
  56. venipuncture
    an incision into or puncture of a vein to withdraw blood for testing
  57. lymphangiogram 
    an xray image of a lymp node or vessel take after injection of a contrast medium
  58. Positron emission tomography
    radionuclide scans espeecially of the whole body are useful in determining the recurrence of cancers 
  59. plasmapheresis
    the removal of plasma from the body with separation and extraction of specific elemens such as platelets followed by reininfusion
  60. hemostatic
    a drug that stops the floow ofblood within the vessel

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