Hypertension

Card Set Information

Author:
evelngo
ID:
164434
Filename:
Hypertension
Updated:
2012-07-30 12:41:50
Tags:
HTN
Folders:

Description:
HTN quick questions
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  1. Stage 1 HTN defined as:
    • SBP 140-159
    • DBP 90-99
  2. Stage 2 HTN is defined as:
    • SBP > 160
    • DBP < 100
  3. BP = [SV x HR] x ?    (SV x HR = CO)
    Peripheral Resistance
  4. What is target BP for patients with uncomplicated HTN or target organ damage or CV disease
    140/99 mm Hg
  5. What is target BP for patients with DM or CKD?
    < 130/80  mm Hg
  6. What is target BP for patients with proteinuria (> 1 g/day)?
    < 125/75
  7. What constitutes a hypertensive EMERGENCY?
    BP > 180/120 AND presence of acute or ongoing target organ damage

    • Target Organ Damage
    • - Encephalopathy
    • - Intracranial hemorrhage
    • - Unstable Angina
    • - Acute MI
    • - Acute L ventricular failure with pulm edema
    • - Dissecting aortic aneurysm
    • - Eclampsia
  8. Which 2 agents are used in MOST hypertensive emergencies?
    • - Nitroprusside
    • - Nicardipine
    • - Labetalol (except acute HF)
  9. Initial goal in hypertensive emergencies is to reduce MAP by no more than ____% within minutes to hours. Reach a goal BP of _______ mm Hg within 2-6 horus
    • 25%
    • 160/100 mm Hg
  10. Which 3 agents are used to treat hypertensive URGENCIES?
    • - Captopril
    • - Clonidine
    • - Labetalol
  11. Is IV or PO therapy preferred in hypertensive urgencies?
    PO
  12. T/F: Immediate lowering of BP is required in hypertensive urgencies.
    False
  13. First dose syncopal episode as well as priapism is associated with which anti-HTN drug class?
    alpha-1 blockers

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