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Stage 2 HTN is defined as:
BP = [SV x HR] x ? (SV x HR = CO)
What is target BP for patients with uncomplicated HTN or target organ damage or CV disease
140/99 mm Hg
What is target BP for patients with DM or CKD?
< 130/80 mm Hg
What is target BP for patients with proteinuria (> 1 g/day)?
What constitutes a hypertensive EMERGENCY?
BP > 180/120 AND presence of acute or ongoing target organ damage
- Target Organ Damage
- - Encephalopathy
- - Intracranial hemorrhage
- - Unstable Angina
- - Acute MI
- - Acute L ventricular failure with pulm edema
- - Dissecting aortic aneurysm
- - Eclampsia
Which 2 agents are used in MOST hypertensive emergencies?
- - Nitroprusside
- - Nicardipine
- - Labetalol (except acute HF)
Initial goal in hypertensive emergencies is to reduce MAP by no more than ____% within minutes to hours. Reach a goal BP of _______ mm Hg within 2-6 horus
Which 3 agents are used to treat hypertensive URGENCIES?
- - Captopril
- - Clonidine
- - Labetalol
Is IV or PO therapy preferred in hypertensive urgencies?
T/F: Immediate lowering of BP is required in hypertensive urgencies.
First dose syncopal episode as well as priapism is associated with which anti-HTN drug class?
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