Asthma & COPD

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Author:
evelngo
ID:
164542
Filename:
Asthma & COPD
Updated:
2012-07-31 09:38:17
Tags:
Asthma COPD
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Description:
Asthma/COPD
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  1. What is the preferred treatment for intermittent asthma?
    SABA
  2. What is the step up therapy for children 0-4 years old?
    • LOW-dose ICS
    • Medium-dose ICS
    • Medium-dose ICS + LABA or Montelukast
    • HIGH-dose ICS + LABA or Montelukast
    • HIGH-dose ICS + LABA or Montelukast (po steroids too if needed)
  3. What is the step up therapy for children 5-11 years old?
    • LOW-dose ICS
    • LOW-dose ICS + LABA/LTRA/Theophylline OR      ----Medium-dose ICS
    • Medium-dose ICS + LABA
    • HIGH-dose ICS + LABA
    • HIGH-dose ICS + LABA + oral steroid
  4. What is the tsep up therapy for >12 y.o. & adults?
    • LOW-dose ICS
    • LOW-dose ICS  + LABA OR just medium-dose ICS
    • Medium-dose ICS + LABA
    • High-dose ICS + LABA
    • HIGH-dose ICS + LABA + oral steroid
  5. A PEF (peak expiratory flow) between 80-100% is in the ______ zone.
    Green
  6. A PEF (peak expiratory flow) between 50-79% is in the ______ zone.
    Yellow
  7. A PEF (peak expiratory flow) <50% is in the ______ zone.
    Red
  8. What is the MOA of Cromolyn?
    Mass cell stabilizer - inhibits release of mediators from eosinophils and epithelial cells
  9. Beclomethasone HFA
    QVAR
  10. Budesonide
    Pulmicort
  11. Budesonide-Formoterol
    Symbicort
  12. Budesonide nebulized
    Respules
  13. Flunisolide
    Aerobid
  14. Fluticasone
    Flovent
  15. Fluticasone-Salmeterol
    Advair
  16. Mometasone
    Asmanex Twisthaler
  17. Triamcinolone
    Azmacort
  18. Which drug is primarily indicated for sever, persistent asthma patients who have frequent ER visits/hospitalizations?
    Omalizumab (Xolair) - Anti-IgE therapy
  19. Montelukast
    Singulair
  20. Safirlukast
    Accolate
  21. Zileuton
    Zyflo
  22. Cromolyn
    Intal
  23. Formoterol
    Foradil
  24. Salmeterol
    Serevent
  25. Theophylline
    Uniphyl - tachycardia, h/a, seizures, hypokalemia, hyperglycemia.
  26. Albuterol HFA
    Ventolin, Proventil, Proair
  27. Pirbuterol
    Maxair
  28. Ipratropium
    Atrovent
  29. Albuterol-Ipratropium
    Combivent
  30. What are the 4 classes of severity in COPD?
    • Mild: FEV1 > 80% (Stage 1)
    • Moderate: FEV1 50-80% (Stage 2)
    • Severe: FEV1 30-50% (Stage 3)
    • Very Severe: FEV1 <30 % (Stage 4)
  31. Which agents do you use for the corresponding stages in the treatment of COPD?
    • Stage 1 = Short acting bronchodilator
    • Stage 2 = Add long-acting bronchodilator
    • Stage 3 = Add inhaled steroid
    • Stage 4 = Add long-term O2 therapy
  32. Which antibiotics would you use in mild, moderate and severe COPD exacerbations?
    • Mild = Amoxicillin, Doxycycline, Bactrim
    • Moderate = Augmentin, Respiratory FQs
    • Severe = Cipro and Levo

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