Infectious Disease

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Author:
evelngo
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164550
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Infectious Disease
Updated:
2012-07-31 10:48:09
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  1. How do you treat latent TB?
    INH x 9 months
  2. How do you treat latent TB that is probably resistant to INH?
    Rifampin + pyrazinamide
  3. How do you treat active TB?
    Isoniazid + Rifampin + Pyrazinamide
  4. How do you treat gonorrhea?
    Ceftriaxone 125 mg IM x 1
  5. How do you treat Chlamydia?
    Azithromycin 1 g x 1
  6. Which antiviral is used to treat Hepatitis B?
    Lamivudine
  7. Ampicillin-Sulbactam
    Unasyn
  8. Piperacillin-tazobactam
    Zosyn
  9. Ticarcillin-clavulanic acid
    Timentin
  10. What are the first generation Cephalosporins?
    • CefaDROXil
    • CeFAZolin
    • CephaLEXin

    1st: DROX-LEX-FAZ


    • More gram + than gram - activity
  11. CefaDROXil (2)
    Duricef, Ultracef
  12. CeFAZolin (2)
    Ancef, Kefzol
  13. Cephalexin
    Keflex
  14. Name 2nd generation Cephalosporins:
    • CefaCLOR
    • CefoteTAN - anaerobic
    • CeFOXitin - anaerobic
    • CefPROzil - anaerobic
    • CeFURoxime

    2nd: PROfessional, TAN, FOXes get FURious in CLORine.
  15. Name 3rd generation Cephalosporins:
    • CefDINIR
    • CeFIXime
    • CefoTAXime
    • CefPODoxime - anaerobic
    • CefTAZidime - pseudomonal coverage
    • CeftiBUTen
    • CefTRIaxone

    3rd: Big BUTt TAZ FIXes DINIR and does his TAXes on a TRI-POD
  16. Cefaclor
    Ceclor
  17. Cefotetan
    Cefotan
  18. Cefoxitin
    Mefoxin
  19. Cefprozil
    Cefzil
  20. Cefuroxime
    Ceftin, Zinacef
  21. Cefdinir
    Omnicef
  22. Cefixime
    Suprax
  23. Cefotaxime
    Claforan
  24. Cefpodoxime
    Vantin
  25. Ceftazidime
    Fortaz, Tazicef
  26. Ceftibuten
    Cedax
  27. Ceftriaxone
    Rocephine
  28. Cefepime
    Maxipime - 4th generation Ceph
  29. Ceftaroline
    Teflaro - has MRSA activity - class 5?
  30. Linezolid
    Zyvox
  31. Daptomycin
    Cubicin
  32. Telavancin
    Vibativ
  33. Quinupristin-dalfopristin
    Synercid
  34. What is the purpose of cilastatin in combination with imipenem?
    It prevents renal metabolism of imipenem, therefore increasing serum concentrations.
  35. Norfloxacin
    Noroxin
  36. Ofloxacin
    Floxin
  37. Gemifloxicin
    Factive
  38. Telithromycin
    Ketek - used to treat C-A-P.
  39. Doxycycline
    Vibramycin
  40. Demeclocycline (Tetracycline)
    Declomycin
  41. Minocycline
    Minocin
  42. Tigecycline
    Tygacil
  43. Clindamycin
    Cleocin
  44. Choramphenicol
    Chloromycetin
  45. Rifaximin
    Xifaxan - treats traveler's diarrhea
  46. Imipenem-cilastatin
    Primaxin
  47. Dorepenem
    Doribax
  48. Ertapenem
    Invanz
  49. Capreomycin - effective against mycobacterium species
    Capastat
  50. Cycloserine
    Seromycin

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