Russia Final Exam

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Russia Final Exam
2012-07-31 14:58:33
Russian thought

Tsar AlexII
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  1. What prompts the reform?
    Losing teh Crimean Wars
  2. Tsar Alexandar II
  3. coming out of defeat; began with heir of hope and promise inspired by opptimisium-
  4. Glmost
  5. Perestroika
  6. WHat is the first thing ALex did?
  7. release from siberian exile all those Decembrists still alive; making social and institutional changes in order to strengthen the state; improve economy modernize society- this is the trifecta; This altered Russians society, culture, history and Russian thought; 
  8. The Emancipation edict of 1861
  9. serfdom; legally freeing Russian surfs; abolishment movement;  Hard core economic and social reality the idea by liberating serfdom, creating a more Mobile labor force by freeing surfs
  10. WHat was the trifecta
    to strengthen the state; improve economy modernize society
  11. Who is Ivan Turgeney
  12. )- moderate reform minded; stories about peasant life published under the title A sportsman’s sketches 1852 (notes of a hunter) Vivid portraits of human peasants; He individualized peasant visas and virtues; His writings condemned serfdom;
  13. Redemption dues
  14. taxes for land the ex-surfs received
  15. Redemtion dues
  16. Government compensating noble landlords for lost labor and farm lands
  17. WHat was bad about the Mir?
  18. Mir peasant elders were responsible for distributing and redistributed land and based it off of social need. This could get bad though; the Mir continued to collect taxes and dues of ex surfs on collective responsibility; if peasant left the village to find work elsewhere he or his family still had to pay the Mir the shared taxes he owed; because most of Russia’s Peasants remained in poverty in the decades to come rural Russia would remain a potential tender box of agrarian unrest and social disorder, rising debts,
  19. What was good about teh Mir?
    Many peasants migrated from fields to factories finding wrok; some had social and economic success; experiencing upward social mobility;
  20. Judicial Reform Statute, 1864-
  21. Legal equality; trial by jury; justices of the piece; the judicial justice is changing
  22. What was bad aboutt eh Judicial Reform Statute?
  23. absence of civil liberties; Tarsus reseme would interfere using marshall law decrees, administrative regulations; secret trial, secret incarceration for political subversions; constitutional movement;
  24. What was good aboutt the Judicail reform Statute?
    BAR association, upgraded previous legal order; finally ended autocracy’s monopoly on administrating justice
  25. Who were the Zemstoves?
    elected by nobility; local representative bodies supervised local affairs like health, medicine, primary education, social welfares- problem- money, never had enough state funding for multiple functions and lacked full autonomy; they marked a significant change in Russia’s society- preformed valuable social services in countryside (local health, social welfare, primary education), They offered jobs for young doctors, teachers, book keepers, accountants etc;  Public services idea would inspire Russian liberals for more reforms,
  26. What were the "explisive 60s"?
  27. Some criticized these reforms- political right;
    • Some rejected this reforms- articles; too little too late; they wanted to transform Russia by ending the monarchy; creating a new society; these are public debates-
    • Questioned social rejection
  28. What is the popular Novwl "what is to be Done?"
    Captured the mood of this young radical; written in Prison by Nikolai Chernyshevsky- This work became a gospel of descent for young readers; He raised issues and aroused activism; women’s  rights and gender equality; social compassion from educated classes to poor; he emphasized power of reason and science- he argued these were keys to the future; Illusions;The most important message was his own personal tragedy; He spent over 25 years in Siberian exile doing hard labor for his radicalism;
  29. What did the novel "What is to be Done?' inspire?
    Conformist protest movement called Hihilism
  30. What is Nihlism?
  31. protest movement; code of personal alienation and rebellion- young rebels- rejected authorities; questioned rules, values, traditions; believed in something- believed in science and medicine; The keys to social progress; practical knowledge based on sciences; scientific method; many became inspired to become doctors and scientists; when they got older they struggled to overcome poverty and other social problems, when older some worked at the local zemphas