Intro To A&P Test Review #1
Card Set Information
Intro To A&P Test Review #1
Intro A & P Test Review #1
Test #1 Review (A&P)
A line dividing the right side of the body from the left is the _____.
A term meaning closer to the midline is ___.
___ literally means closer to the boney housing around the brain
___ literally means tail (opposite of cranial).
The stomach is ___ to the intestines (Closer to the origin).
The stomach is ___ to the esophagus (Farther from the origin).
___ literally means closer to the nose or front end.
___literally means closer to the rear end or tail end.
___ means toward the back (think of the fin on the back of a shark).
The neck is ___ to the chest (closer to the head).
Cranial or Cephalic
The knee is ___ to the ankle (closer to the origin).
The hand is ___ to the elbow (farther from the origin).
The ear is ___ to the nose (away from midline).
The eye is ___ to the nose (higher).
The eye is ___ to the nose (farther from the midline).
The mouth is ___ to the nose (lower).
The vernacular (everyday) word for thorax is ___.
The abdomen is ___ to the thorax (below).
Genetic material from your parents is stored in the _____ of the cell.
The cranium is the ___ housing around the brain.
The cranium and facial bones are parts of the bones of the head called the ___.
The scientific name for breast bone is ___.
The shoulder is ___ to the sternum (away from the midline).
The palm of the hand is on the ___ side (belly side).
The back of hand is on the ___ side (toward the back).
The top of the foot is ___ side (toward the back).
The sole is on the ___ side (belly side) of the foot.
A noun meaning dorsal is ___.
A noun meaning ventral is ___.
Which quadrant contains most of the liver?
Right Upper Quad
Which quadrant is closest to the left leg?
Left Lower Quad
Which abdominal region contains the belly button?
Which abdominal region is closest to the right arm?
Which abdominal regions are on both sides of the umbilical region?
Lumbar (Right and Left)
Which abdominal region contains the urinary bladder?
Which abdominal region contains the appendix?
Which abdominal region contains most of the stomach?
___ means the front of the elbow?
___ means chest and is a part of the thorax (think of the largest major muscle of your chest)?
The groin is referred to as the ___ region.
___ is a term that means neck.
___ refers to the arm pit.
The scientific name for the region behind the knee is the ___.
___ means buttock.
The basic unit of life is the _____.
The _____ plane divides the body into superior and inferior parts.
The _____ system breaks down and absorbs food.
The energy currency of the cell
The fluid inside the cell is called _____ fluid.
The nucleus of the atom contains
Protons and Neutrons
_____ are negatively charged ions.
A solution with a pH of 4 is said to be a/an
The building blocks of proteins
Water can dissolve many different things. For this reason it is called the _____.
A solution with a pH of 10.0 is
The special form of diffusion that applies only to water is called _____.
The structure that assembles amino acids into proteins
Which of the following are required for active transport?
Transporter and ATP
The chromosomes duplicate during the period between mitotic divisions called _____.
A group different tissues working together.
The thick, muscular layer (myocardium) of the heart wall is made of what kind of muscle tissue.
The portion of a serous membrane attached to an organ is called the _____.
A cord of connective tissue that connects a bone to a bone is called a/an _____.
The type of tissue found in membranes and glands is _____.
The only type of muscle that is under voluntary control is _____.
A specialized group of (one kind of) cells is a _____.
A plane that divides the body into equal left and right parts
of complex molecules into more simple ones is called
Fluids located outside the cells are described as
Extracellular (or Intercellular)
Negative feedback is a mechanism for maintaining an internal state of balance known as
Positively charged ions
A building block of an enzyme
A pH of 7 is said to be
An isotope that disintegrates, giving off rays of atomic particles (energy), is said to be
Metabolic reactions require organic catalysts (made of protein) called
Any change in the genetic material of the cell
The thigh muscle is an example of what kind of tissue
A cell that carries nerve impulses is called a/an
The portion of a serous membrane attached to the body wall
A cord of connective tissue that connects muscle to bone
A membrane that lines spaces open to the outside of the body
Term for a tumor that does not spread
Adipose tissue stores
Lipids (fats, oil, and enegry)
A plane that divides the body into unequal right and left sides
Osmosis is the movement of water from areas of _____ concentration to areas of _____ concentration.
High to Low
The spread of molecules through a membrane which requires energy in the form of ATP
The mitochondrion converts _____ into higher energy _____
ADP to ATP
The smallest complete unit of a compound
Compounds that release ions when in solution are called
Elecrolyte or (ionic compound)
RNA receives its information from _____
The muscle in the wall of the intestine is an example of
The smallest particle of an element
A cell organelle that assembles amino acids into enzymes is the
_____ and _____ are two examples of substances that cannot pass through the cell membrane by diffusion
Proteins and Ions
atoms or molecules to form a larger particle is the kind of metabolism called.
The atomic number of an atom is equal to the number of
The number of _____ in an atom of an element always equals the number of _____ in the atoms of that element
Protons and Electrons
Changing the number of _____ in an atom makes an ion.
Changing the number of _____ in an atom makes an isotope.
You can not change the number of _____ in an atom.