Intro To A&P Test Review #1

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  1. A line dividing the right side of the body from the left is the _____.
    Midline
  2. A term meaning closer to the midline is ___.
    Medial
  3. ___ literally means closer to the boney housing around the brain
    Cranial
  4. ___ literally means tail (opposite of cranial).
    Caudal
  5. The stomach is ___ to the intestines (Closer to the origin).
    Proximal
  6. The stomach is ___ to the esophagus (Farther from the origin).
    Distal
  7. ___ literally means closer to the nose or front end.
    Anterior
  8. ___literally means closer to the rear end or tail end.
    Posterior
  9. ___ means toward the back (think of the fin on the back of a shark).
    Dorsal
  10. The neck is ___ to the chest (closer to the head).
    Cranial or Cephalic
  11. The knee is ___ to the ankle (closer to the origin).
    Proimal
  12. The hand is ___ to the elbow (farther from the origin).
    Distal
  13. The ear is ___ to the nose (away from midline).
    Lateral
  14. The eye is ___ to the nose (higher).
    Superior
  15. The eye is ___ to the nose (farther from the midline).
    Lateral
  16. The mouth is ___ to the nose (lower).
    Inferior
  17. The vernacular (everyday) word for thorax is ___.
    Chest
  18. The abdomen is ___ to the thorax (below).
    Inferior
  19. Genetic material from your parents is stored in the _____ of the cell.
    Nucleus
  20. The cranium is the ___ housing around the brain.
    Boney
  21. The cranium and facial bones are parts of the bones of the head called the ___.
    Skull
  22. The scientific name for breast bone is ___.
    Sternum
  23. The shoulder is ___ to the sternum (away from the midline).
    Lateral
  24. The palm of the hand is on the ___ side (belly side).
    Ventral
  25. The back of hand is on the ___ side (toward the back).
    Dorsal
  26. The top of the foot is ___ side (toward the back).
    Dorsal
  27. The sole is on the ___ side (belly side) of the foot.
    Ventral
  28. A noun meaning dorsal is ___.
    Dorsum
  29. A noun meaning ventral is ___.
    Ventrum
  30. Which quadrant contains most of the liver?
    Right Upper Quad
  31. Which quadrant is closest to the left leg?
    Left Lower Quad
  32. Which abdominal region contains the belly button?
    Umblicial
  33. Which abdominal region is closest to the right arm?
    Right Hypochondraic
  34. Which abdominal regions are on both sides of the umbilical region?
    Lumbar (Right and Left)
  35. Which abdominal region contains the urinary bladder?
    Hypogastric
  36. Which abdominal region contains the appendix?
    Right Iliac
  37. Which abdominal region contains most of the stomach?
    Epigastric
  38. ___ means the front of the elbow?
    Antecubital
  39. ___ means chest and is a part of the thorax (think of the largest major muscle of your chest)?
    Pectoral
  40. The groin is referred to as the ___ region.
    Inguinal
  41. ___ is a term that means neck.
    Cervical
  42. ___ refers to the arm pit.
    Axillary
  43. The scientific name for the region behind the knee is the ___.
    Popliteal
  44. ___ means buttock.
    Gluteus
  45. The basic unit of life is the _____.
    Cell
  46. The _____ plane divides the body into superior and inferior parts.
    Transverse
  47. The _____ system breaks down and absorbs food.
    Digestive
  48. The energy currency of the cell
    ATP
  49. The fluid inside the cell is called _____ fluid.
    Intercellural
  50. The nucleus of the atom contains
    Protons and Neutrons
  51. _____ are negatively charged ions.
    Anions
  52. A solution with a pH of 4 is said to be a/an
    Acid
  53. The building blocks of proteins
    Amino Acid
  54. Water can dissolve many different things. For this reason it is called the _____.
    Univeral Solvent
  55. A solution with a pH of 10.0 is
    Alkaline (basic)
  56. The special form of diffusion that applies only to water is called _____.
    Osmosis
  57. The structure that assembles amino acids into proteins
    Ribosomes
  58. Which of the following are required for active transport?
    Transporter and ATP
  59. The chromosomes duplicate during the period between mitotic divisions called _____.
    Interphase
  60. A group different tissues working together.
    Organs
  61. The thick, muscular layer (myocardium) of the heart wall is made of what kind of muscle tissue.
    Cardiac
  62. The portion of a serous membrane attached to an organ is called the _____.
    Visceral Layer
  63. A cord of connective tissue that connects a bone to a bone is called a/an _____.
    Ligament
  64. The type of tissue found in membranes and glands is _____.
    Epithelial
  65. The only type of muscle that is under voluntary control is _____.
    Skeletal
  66. A specialized group of (one kind of) cells is a _____.
    Tissue
  67. A plane that divides the body into equal left and right parts
    Midsagittal Plane
  68. The breakdown of complex molecules into more simple ones is called
    Catabolism
  69. Fluids located outside the cells are described as
    Extracellular (or Intercellular)
  70. Negative feedback is a mechanism for maintaining an internal state of balance known as
    Homeostasis
  71. Positively charged ions
    Cations
  72. A building block of an enzyme
    Amino Acids
  73. A pH of 7 is said to be
    Neutral
  74. An isotope that disintegrates, giving off rays of atomic particles (energy), is said to be
    Radioactive
  75. Metabolic reactions require organic catalysts (made of protein) called
    Enzymes
  76. Any change in the genetic material of the cell
    Mutation
  77. The thigh muscle is an example of what kind of tissue
    Skeletal Muscle
  78. A cell that carries nerve impulses is called a/an
    Neuron
  79. The portion of a serous membrane attached to the body wall
    Parietal
  80. A cord of connective tissue that connects muscle to bone
    Tendon
  81. A membrane that lines spaces open to the outside of the body
    Mucous
  82. Term for a tumor that does not spread
    Benign
  83. Adipose tissue stores
    Lipids (fats, oil, and enegry)
  84. A plane that divides the body into unequal right and left sides
    Satittal Planes
  85. Osmosis is the movement of water from areas of _____ concentration to areas of _____ concentration.
    High to Low
  86. The spread of molecules through a membrane which requires energy in the form of ATP
    Active Transport
  87. The mitochondrion converts _____ into higher energy _____
    ADP to ATP
  88. The smallest complete unit of a compound
    Molecule
  89. Compounds that release ions when in solution are called
    Elecrolyte or (ionic compound)
  90. RNA receives its information from _____
    DNA
  91. The muscle in the wall of the intestine is an example of
    Smooth Muscle
  92. The smallest particle of an element
    Atom
  93. A cell organelle that assembles amino acids into enzymes is the
    Ribosomes
  94. _____ and _____ are two examples of substances that cannot pass through the cell membrane by diffusion
    Proteins and Ions
  95. Combining smaller atoms or molecules to form a larger particle is the kind of metabolism called.
    Anabolism
  96. The atomic number of an atom is equal to the number of
    Protons
  97. The number of _____ in an atom of an element always equals the number of _____ in the atoms of that element
    Protons and Electrons
  98. Changing the number of _____ in an atom makes an ion.
    Electrons
  99. Changing the number of _____ in an atom makes an isotope.
    Neutrons
  100. You can not change the number of _____ in an atom.
    Protons

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Author:
hcompton
ID:
1646
Filename:
Intro To A&P Test Review #1
Updated:
2009-11-25 07:48:32
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Intro A & P Test Review #1
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Test #1 Review (A&P)
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