CH 17: Part IV

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CH 17: Part IV
2012-07-31 17:08:16
Female Repro

Female Repro
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  1. gravida
    pregnant woman
  2. para
    • to bear
    • woman who has produced viable offspring
  3. cervical effacement
    progressive obliteration of the endocervical canal during delivery
  4. estimated date of confinement
    estimated date of delivery
    expected delivery date of baby - 40 weeks
  5. meconium staining
    presence of meconium in amniotic fluid
  6. reptured membranes
    rupture of amniotic sac
  7. macrosomnia
    • large-bodied baby
    • seen in diabetic pregnancies
  8. polyhydramnios
    excessive amniotic fluid
  9. abortion
    expulsion of product of conception before fetus is viable
  10. Types of abortion:
    • -miscarriage
    • -happens 3 or more times
    • -incomplete expulsion of products
    • -whe death of fetus is not naturally expelled after death
    • -bleeding-threat of miscarriage
  11. cephalopelvic disproportion (CPD)
    • conditions preventing normal delivery
    • large head, small birth canal
  12. eclampsia
    toxemia of pregnancy- high BP, alnuminuria, edema of legs, headaches, convulsion & coma
  13. preeclampsia
    pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH)
    toxemia of pregnancy without convulsion or coma
  14. ectopic pregnancy
    imflammation of fertilized egg outside uterine cavity
  15. erythroblastosis fetalis
    • incompatability of Rh groups of fetus and mother
    • Rh + or - : presence or lack of antigens
  16. hyperemesis gravidarum
    • severe nausea/vomiting in pregnancy
    • can cause severe dehydration
  17. meconium aspiration
    fetal aspiration of amniotic fluid containing meconium
  18. placenta previa
    displaced attachment of the placenta in the lower region of the uterine cavity
  19. abruptio placentae
    premature detachment of placenta
  20. chronic villus sampling (CVS)
    • sampling of placental tissue for microscopic and chemical examination
    • detects fetal abnormalities
  21. amniocentesis
    aspiration of a small amount of amniotic fluid for analysis
  22. fetal monitoring
    using an electric device to record fetal hearbeat and uterine contractions
  23. pelvimetry
    measurement of the pelvis to evaluate proper conditions for vaginal delivery
  24. preganacy tests
    detects presense of human chronic gonadotropin hormone-secreted by placenta-indicates pregnancy
  25. cesarean section (C-section)
    • surgical delivery of a baby
    • incision through abdomen--uterus to deliver baby
  26. episiotomy
    incision of the perineum to facilitate delivery
  27. amnioinfusion
    • introduction of fluid into amniotic sac
    • can relieve fecal distress
  28. therapeutic abortion (TAB)
    abortion induced by mechanical means/drugs
  29. abortifacient
    drug that causes abortion
  30. oxytocin
    • causes myometrial contraction-labor
    • secreted by pituitary gland
  31. tocolytic agent
    drug used to stop labor contractions