lecture 11.txt

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epaynich
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16464
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lecture 11.txt
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2010-04-27 15:28:22
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Micro lecture
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Micro 221 lecture 11
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  1. lecture 11
    carbon metabolism
  2. builds up structures from monomers by dehydration synthesis and reduction; requires energy
    anabolism
  3. breaks down polymers to form monomers by dyrdolyssis and oxidation to yield energy
    catabolism
  4. remaining electrons from a compound
    oxidation
  5. adding electrons to a compound
    reduction
  6. necessary to perform oxidation and reduction
    enzyme
  7. shaped to fit substrate perfectly
    active site
  8. when substrate binds, the enzyme is induced to fold around substrate
    induced fit
  9. substance that structurally resemble a specific substrate and block its interaction with an enzyme is ____ ____
    competitive inhibitor
  10. _____ ____ is the term that interacts with the allosteric site to change shape of enzyme to not allow the substrate to bind
    noncompetitive inhibitor
  11. ___ _____involves taking glucose and breaking it down through glycolysis then taking that product into the Kreb�s cycle
    central catabolism
  12. process that oxidizes glucose to produce ATP, pyruvate, and NADH; 2 ATP spent, 4 ATP made; end product is pyruvate
    glycolysis
  13. pyruvate loses a molecule of CO2 and becaome Acetyl-Coa to enter the krebs cycle
    oxidative decarboxylation of pyruvate
  14. oxidizes acetyl coa to produce CO2, ATP, and NADH and FADH
    TCA cycle
  15. process of reducing organic election acceptors like pyruvate
    fermentation
  16. Produces NADPH and 5 carbon structures. alternate pathway from glycolysis and is anabolic requiring energy
    pentose phosphate pathway
  17. isomerase enzymes that catalyze inversion of stereochemistry
    epimerases
  18. enzyme that catalyzes structural rearrangement of isomers
    isomerases
  19. ___ oxidation oxidizes fatty acids to form acetyl coa
    beta
  20. the process called___ breaks down amino group from amino acids
    deanimation

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