AFAA Section 6
Card Set Information
AFAA Section 6
AFAA group exercise
Special Populations Review - Chapters 35, 36, 38, 39, 40
What does EIA stand for and how can it be prevented?
Exercise induced asthma - prevent with:
gradually increasing intensity
avoid exercise when high pollen count or very cold
humid is best (water exercise good)
use inhaler before exercise
breathe through nose
List at least 6 exercise guidelines for participants with heart disease.
get doctor release if moderate or high risk
comply with target heart rate range and RPE
follow doctor recommendations
have a record of medications and their effects on exercise
participant should tell instructor if any signs or symptoms appear
don't exceed level of expertise
start with low intensity and gradually increase but avoid high intensity
List at least 4 exercise guidelines for participants with arthritis.
low impact is better
frequent, low impact exercise is best
reduce duration and intensity when problem flares up
isometric exercises are good
extended warm-up and cool down
shouldn't have pain more than 2 hours after exercise
weight loss will help alleviate pressure on joints
monitor change in medications
List at least four precautions that should be taken for diabetic participants who are attending a group exercise class.
monitor blood sugar regularly
avoid exercise during peak of insulin activity
exercise at the same time each day
know symptoms of hypoglycemia
inject insulin into muscle not being used during exercise
always carry a carb snack
eat a carb snack before exercise
check feet often
List 8 exercise guidelines for a participant with hypertension.
emphasize cardio, lower intensity (40-70% HRR)
exercise most days 30-60 minutes
avoid high intensity and isometric exercises
resistance training should have low weight, lots of reps
avoid Valsalva maneuver
use RPE because medications can alter heart rate
avoid having the feet above the head
relaxation and stress management techniques are important
What is the preferred method of monitoring exercise intensity in the older adult population and what is the appropriate range?
Use RPE, 5-6 on the 10-point scale
What method of resistance training would be appropriate for older adults with arthritis and osteoporosis?
slow stretching and isometric exercises
List two methods of stretching that are recommended for older adults.
List at least four program design guidelines for the older adult.
know how to monitor workloads
be alert for overexertion
monitor intensity every 4-5 minutes during cardio training
slow/controlled movement through full range of motion for resistance
cardio should be simple, easy to follow, avoid lateral moves
avoid spinal flexion
avoid closed eyes, head below heart, twisting head, anything that may cause dizziness
List at least three exercise considerations during pregnancy.
there are cardiovascular changes, avoid high intensity
hormone and anatomy changes, stretch and strength important to minimize spine stress
pelvic floor muscles are important, exercise them to keep them strong
leg cramps common, flext feet, don't sit with crossed legs
List five things a fitness professional should consider prior to working with pregnant women.
don't worry about fitness adaptations, goal should be increased energy
encourage a reduced rate if the woman is an overexerciser
watch for warning signs of overexertion
provide modifications for exercise modes
refer to doctor if any uncertainty or an adverse reaction
Discuss three exercise modalities that pregnant women can perform, along with any risks and modifications that should be taken.
Water = good posture, hydrate, snack, transition slowly
Dance = no jumping, reduce tempo and direction change
Cycling = raise handlebars, support belt helps
Pilates = modify supine after 20 weeks
Step = less than 6 inches, 4 during last trimester, slower tempo
List a minimum of four exercise recommendations outlined by the USDHHS and ACSM for youth.
60+ minutes 3-4 times a week, moderate to high intensity
gradually increase frequency and time for obese kids
large muscle groups should be working
sustained exercise for adolescents, bouts for younger children
recreational sports are good
heart rate monitoring is optional, RPE is best
List a minimum of three general guidelines to resistance training in children and adolescents.
movement should be slow and controlled
older kids (10-12) can use free weights but they should be light
careful about using machines that are designed for adults
can do manual training with partner if they can listen to directions
isometric and breathing technique are good to focus on
make sure to warm up and cool down
avoid power lifting
List a minimum of three special considerations regarding resistance training in children and adolescents.
equipment and activity should be modified to the age/size/strength/maturity of participant
comprehensive training, include motor skills and fitness level
only increase resistance when good form is achieved
focus on technique and participation, not amount of resistance