Chapter 6: General Psychology
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The science of behavior and mental processes.
Scientific method has three steps:
- 1. identify the problem
- 2. formulate a rationale
- 3. perform supportive research
a prediction that has it's origins in theory and is written in such a way to allow for testing and further research
a positive or negative feeling in reaction to stimuli.
Feelings or effects that often have physical as well as cognitive and behavioral elements.
directly observable, overt actions
i.e. walking, speaking, writing...
private, thoughts, emotions, feelings, and motives not directly observable by others
experiencing of another's emotional state by viewing the situation through that person's eyes
an emotion by which the person feels sad for another person
an emotion that invokes a physiological, cognitive, and behavioral response, such as the fight or flight syndrome
The sum total of the typical ways of acting, thinking, and feeling that makes each person unique.
______________ Theory, stated that unconcious forces act as determinants of personality.
a part of the personality of which a person is not aware and that is a potential determinant of behavior
The division by Freud, of the mind into three parts
- Freud's Mind1. The Id
- 2. The Ego
- 3. The Superego
One of Freud's personality components consisting of:
our basic instincts
our psychic energy
It is unconscious
has no contact with reality and works on the pleasure principle (impulse to seek pleasure and avoid pain)
One of Freud's personality component's based in reality.
Works on the reality principle, i.e. the mind's attempt to bring pleasure and sexual impulses
Partly conscious, helps us test reality to see how far we can go before we run into trouble or harm
One of Freud's personality components, not based in reality, that questions whether an act is right or wrong
our moral barometer
commonly called our conscience
Coping skills that Feud believed were formed to help the ego reduce anxiety and help a person cope with daily life.
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