Lower Limb Muscles

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Author:
amycykho
ID:
165026
Filename:
Lower Limb Muscles
Updated:
2012-08-07 01:15:55
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lower limb muscles
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Description:
lower limb muscle origins and insertions, nerve supply and actions
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  1. Name A, its origin and insertion, actions, nerve supply
    • Iliacus
    • Iliac fossa to lesser trochanter
    • Hip flexion
    • Femoral nerve (L2-3)
  2. Name B, its origin and insertion, actions, nerve supply
    • Psoas major
    • Transverse processes of T12-L5 to lesser trochanter
    • Hip flexion
    • Ventral rami (L1-3)
  3. Name C, its origin and insertion, actions, nerve supply
    • Pectineus
    • Pectineal line of pubic ramus to linea aspera
    • hip adduction
    • femoral nerve (L2-3)
  4. Name D, its origin and insertion, actions, nerve supply
    • Adductor magnus
    • ischial tuberosity to linea aspera and adductor tubercle of medial tibial condyle
    • hip adduction
    • obturator nerve (L3-5)
  5. Name E, its origin and insertion, actions, nerve supply
    • Adductor brevis
    • Pubis to superior linea aspera
    • hip adduction
    • obturator nerve (L3-5)
  6. Name F, its origin and insertion, actions, nerve supply
    • Adductor longus
    • pubis to lower linea aspera
    • hip adduction, medial rotation
    • obturator nerve (L3-5)
  7. Name G, its origin and insertion, actions, nerve supply
    • Gracilis
    • pubis to medial tibial condyle
    • hip adduction knee flexion
    • obturator nerve (L2-3)
  8. Name H, its origin and insertion, actions, nerve supply
    • Piriformis
    • Sacrum to greater trochanter
    • hip lateral rotation, abduction
    • L5-S2
  9. Name A, its origin and insertion, actions, nerve supply
    • Gluteus medius
    • Gluteal surface to greater trochanter
    • Hip medial rotation, abduction
    • Superior gluteal nerve (L4-S1)
  10. Name B, its origin and insertion, actions, nerve supply
    • Gluteus maximus
    • Sacrum, iliac crest to iliotibial band, gluteal tuberosity
    • hip extension, abduction, lateral rotation
    • Inferior gluteal nerve (L5-S2)
  11. Name C, its origin and insertion, actions, nerve supply
    • Gracilis
    • Pubis to medial tibial condyle
    • Hip adduction, knee flexion
    • Obturator (L2-3)
  12. Name D, its origin and insertion, actions, nerve supply
    • Adductor magnus
    • ischial tuberosity to linea aspera and adductor tubercle of medial tibial condyle
    • hip adduction and medial rotation
  13. Name E, its origin and insertion, actions, nerve supply
    • Vastus lateralis
    • Intertrochanteric line to quadriceps tendon
    • Knee extension
    • Femoral nerve (L2-4)
  14. Name F, its origin and insertion, actions, nerve supply
    • Biceps femoris
    • long head from ischial tuberosity, short head from linea aspera to fibular head
    • knee flexion, hip extension (LH), hip lateral roation, knee lateral rotation
    • Sciatic nerve (L5-S2)
  15. Name G, its origin and insertion, actions, nerve supply
    • Semitendinosis
    • ischial tuberosity (common tendon with BF) to medial tibial condyle
    • knee flexion, flexed medial rotation, hip extension
    • sciatic nerve (L5-S2)
  16. Name H, its origin and insertion, actions, nerve supply
    • Semimembranosus
    • ischial tuberosity to medial tibial condyle
    • knee flexion, flexed medial roation, hip extension
    • sciatic nerve (L2-S5)
  17. Name A, its origin and insertion, actions, nerve supply
    • Gluteus medius
    • Gluteal surface to greater trochanter
    • Hip medial rotation, abduction
    • Superior gluteal nerve (L4-S1)
  18. Name B, its origin and insertion, actions, nerve supply
    • Gluteus maximus
    • Sacrum, iliac crest to iliotibial band, gluteal tuberosity
    • hip extension, abduction, lateral rotation
    • Inferior gluteal nerve (L5-S2)
  19. Name C. its origin and insertion, actions and nerve supply
    • Gluteus minimus
    • Gluteal surface to greater trochanter
    • hip medial rotation, abduction
    • Superior gluteal nerve (L4-S1)
  20. Name D, its origin and insertion, actions and nerve supply
    • Piriformis
    • Sacrum to greater trochanter
    • Hip lateral rotation, abduction
    • L5-S2
  21. Name E, its origin and insertion, actions and nerve supply
    • Quadratus femoris
    • ischial tuberosity to greater trochanter
    • hip lateral rotation
    • L5-S1
  22. Name F, its origin and insertion, actions and nerve supply
    • Vastus medialis
    • intertrochanteric line to quadriceps tendon
    • knee extension
    • L2-4
  23. Name A, its origin and insertion, actions and nerve supply
    • Tensor fascia latae
    • iliac crest to iliotibial band
    • Hip flexion and medial rotation
    • Superior gluteal nerve (L4-S1)
  24. Name B, its origin and insertion, actions and nerve supply
    • Sartorius
    • ASIS to medial tibial condyle
    • hip flexion and knee flexion
    • femoral (L2-3)
  25. Name C, its origin and insertion, actions and nerve supply
    • Vastus Intermedius
    • linea aspera to quadriceps tendon
    • knee extension
    • femoral (L2-4)
  26. Name D, its origin and insertion, actions and nerve supply
    • Rectus femoris
    • AIIS (straight head) and supra-acetabular lip (reflected head) to quadriceps tendon
    • knee extension, hip flexion
    • femoral (L2-4)
  27. Name E, its origin and insertion, actions and nerve supply
    • Vastus lateralis
    • intertrchonteric line to quadriceps tendon
    • knee extension
    • femoral nerve (L2-4)
  28. Name A, its origin and insertion, actions and nerve supply
    • Fibularis longus
    • fibular head to head of metatarsal 1
    • eversion, plantarflexion
    • superficial fibular nerve (L5-S2)
  29. Name B, its origin and insertion, actions and nerve supply
    • Fibularis brevis
    • lateral fibular shaft to head of metatarsal 5
    • eversion
    • superficial fibular nerve (L5-S2)
  30. Name C, its origin and insertion, actions and nerve supply
    • Extensor digitorum longus
    • anterior fibular shaft to second phalanges of each digit
    • digit extension and dorsiflexion
    • deep fibular nerve (L5-S1)
  31. Name D, its origin and insertion, actions and nerve supply
    • Gastrocnemius
    • femoral condyles to calcaneal tendon
    • plantarflexion, knee flexion
    • tibial nerve (S1-2)
  32. Name E, its origin and insertion, actions and nerve supply
    • Soleus
    • soleal line of tibial head and fibular head to calcaneal tendon
    • plantarflexion
    • tibial nerve (S1-2)
  33. Name F, its origin and insertion, actions and nerve supply
    • Tibialis anterior
    • anterior tibial shaft to medial cuneifrom
    • dorsiflexion, inversion
    • deep fibular nerve (L4-5)
  34. Name G, its origin and insertion, actions and nerve supply
    • Extensor hallucis longus
    • anterior interosseous membrane to second phalange to hallux
    • hallux extension and dorsiflexion
    • deep fibular nerve (L5-S1)
  35. Name H, its origin and insertion, actions and nerve supply
    • Fibularis tertius
    • medial fibular shaft to head of metatarsal five
    • dorsiflexion and eversion
    • deep fibular nerve (L5-S1)
  36. Name A, its origin and insertion, actions and nerve supply
    • Gastrocnemius
    • femoral condyles to calcaneal tendon
    • plantarflexion, knee flexion
    • tibial nerve (S1-2)
  37. Name B, its origin and insertion, actions and nerve supply
    • Plantaris
    • lateral femoral epicondyle to calcaneal tendon
    • plantarflexion and knee flexion
    • tibial nerve (S1-2)
  38. Name C, its origin and insertion, actions and nerve supply
    • Popliteus
    • femoral lateral condyle to medial tibial head
    • unlocking of the knee from extension to flexion (medial rotation)
    • tibial nerve (L4-S1)
  39. Name D, its origin and insertion, actions and nerve supply
    • Flexor digitorum longus
    • medial tibial shaft to second phalange of each digit
    • digit flexion
    • tibial nerve (S2-3)
  40. Name E, its origin and insertion, actions and nerve supply
    • Fibularis longus
    • fibular head to head of metatarsal 1
    • eversion, plantarflexion
    • superficial fibular nerve (L5-S2)
  41. Name F, its origin and insertion, actions and nerve supply
    • Soleus
    • soleal line of tibial head and fibular head to calcaneal tendon
    • plantarflexion
    • tibial nerve (S1-2)
  42. Name G, its origin and insertion, actions and nerve supply
    • Fibularis brevis
    • lateral fibular shaft to head of metatarsal 5
    • eversion
    • superficial fibular nerve (L5-S2)
  43. Name H, its origin and insertion, actions and nerve supply
    • Flexor hallucis longus
    • posterior fibular shaft to second phalange of hallux
    • hallux flexion
    • tibial nerve (S2-3)
  44. Name A, its origin and insertion, actions and nerve supply
    • Popliteus
    • femoral lateral condyle to medial tibial head
    • unlocking of the knee from extension to flexion (medial rotation)
    • tibial nerve (L4-S1)
  45. Name B, its origin and insertion, actions and nerve supply
    • Soleus
    • soleal line of tibial head and fibular head to calcaneal tendon
    • plantarflexion
    • tibial nerve (S1-2)
  46. Name C, its origin and insertion, actions and nerve supply
    • Flexor digitorum longus
    • medial tibial shaft to second phalange of each digit
    • digit flexion
    • tibial nerve (S2-3)
  47. Name D, its origin and insertion, actions and nerve supply
    • Tibialis posterior
    • posterior lateral tibial shaft, posterior interoseeous membrane to medial cuneiform and navicular
    • plantarflexion and inversion
    • tibila nerve (L4-5)
  48. Name E, its origin and insertion, actions and nerve supply
    • Fibularis longus
    • fibular head to head of metatarsal 1
    • eversion, plantarflexion
    • superficial fibular nerve (L5-S2)
  49. Name F, its origin and insertion, actions and nerve supply
    • Flexor hallucis longus
    • posterior fibular shaft to second phalange of hallux
    • hallux flexion
    • tibial nerve (S2-3)
  50. Name G, its origin and insertion, actions and nerve supply
    • Fibularis brevis
    • lateral fibular shaft to head of metatarsal 5
    • eversion
    • superficial fibular nerve (L5-S2)

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