Atypical Development

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Atypical Development
2012-08-05 09:03:37
Psychology Atypical Development

Atypical Development
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  1. Externalising problems
    Added Symptoms
  2. Internalising problems
    Withdrawal symptoms
  3. Why are developmental disorders increasing in prevelance
    Greater community awareness, broader diagnostic criteria, increased willingness to diagnose children (and adults)
  4. Bronfenbrenner's Ecological Model (Eclectic)
    Individual child (genetics, biological, IQ, temperament/characteristics), microsystem (immediate family, school, peers, community, neighbourhood), Exosystem (extended familyu, social & economic status/situation), Macrosystem (culture, values and law)
  5. Psychosexual dynamic Model of Child psychopathology
    • N: occurs in stages characterised by resolving conflicts
    • A: failure in resolution of conflict; fixated at stage
    • C: identify unresolved conflict, increase age appropriate need gratification, foster transition to next developmental stage
  6. Psychosocial Model of Child Psychopathology
    • N:sequence of stages characterised by finding balance in psychosocial conflicts
    • A: Failure to resolve appropriate conflict--> imbalance
    • C: foster unresolved conflict with 'renegotiation'
  7. Biological model of Child psychopathology
    Genetic abnormalities, abnormal neurotransmitter levels, abnormal hormone levels, abnormal structurral/functional component
  8. Behavioural Model of Child Psychopathalogy
    • N: consequence of normal conditioning schedule
    • A: atypical schedule--> abnormal development or temperatmental lack of responsivity to conditioning --> atypical Development
    • C: modify consequences (antecedents and consequences)
  9. Cognitive Model of child psychopathology
    • N: stages reflect ability to construe reality by balancing accomodation and assimilation of schemas
    • A:imbalance of accommodation/assimilation; delayed progression due to delays in developing information-processing capacity
    • C: promote cognitive growth, foster A/A balance, restructure info
  10. Disorder Specific Cognitive Model of Child psychopathology
    Aim: identify impaired cognitive processes or representations associated with a disorder
  11. Attachment & parenting models of child psychopathology
    • N:infants showing secure attachment use mother as social reference
    • A: extreme levels of anxious/resistent attachment or avoidant attachment
    • C: develop self-esteem and parent guidance to avoid perpetuating problems
  12. Family-based model of child psychopathology
    • N: focus awat from child along; family negotiates sequence of developmental stages/stressors
    • A: failure to resolve stressor and move on to next stage
    • C; family works together to resolve stressors and continue development
  13. Eclectic Approach includes
    Characteristics of Child, parents practises/family infleunce, Social influences (peers/school), wider community and societal factors (poverty, cultural values)