Word List Pharmacology

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Author:
anniles
ID:
165299
Filename:
Word List Pharmacology
Updated:
2012-08-08 10:57:00
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Pharmacology
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Pharm WL 1
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  1. The movement of drug from the site of administration into the fluids of the body that will carry it to the site of drug action
    Absorption
  2. Substance that enhances the immune response by increasing the stability of a vaccine in the body
    Adjuvants
  3. Drugs that bind substances such as bacteria, digestive enzymes and/or toxins to protect the intestinal mucosa from damage
    Adsorbents
  4. Drugs that bind to a cell receptor and cause action
    Agonists
  5. A group of broad-spectrum antibiotics that affect protein synthesis of bacteria (primarily gram negative bacteria)
    Aminoglycosides
  6. Behavioral drug often used for separation anxiety and urine spraying; generic name for Elavil®
    Amitriptyline
  7. Drugs that inhibit or block the response of a cell when bound to its receptor
    Antagonist
  8. Drugs that kill worm parasites in the GIT, liver, lungs and circulatory system
    Anthelmintics
  9. Drugs that decrease salivary flow
    Antisialogues
  10. Primarily used for induction of vomiting in dogs; Class II controlled substance
    Apomorphine
  11. The degree to which a drug is absorbed and reaches the circulation
    Bioavailability
  12. GI protectant; generic for Pepto-Bismol®; should not be used in cats because of the conversion to aspirin; can appear opaque on radiographs; can result in black stools that resemble melena
    Bismuth subsalicylate
  13. A group of chemicalley related compounds having sympathomimetic action
    Catecholamines
  14. A broad spectrum antibiotic not considered first-line because of toxicity
    Chloramphenicol
  15. Used for tx or prevention of gastric, abomasal, or duodenal ulcers; hypersecretory conditions of the stomach; esophagitis; gastric reflux; and experimentally as an immunomodulator; generic for Tagamet®
    Cimetidine
  16. Drug that paralyzes the ciliary muscles of the eye and minimizes pain due to ciliary spasm
    Cycloplegic
  17. Drug used for appetite stimulant and bronchospasm control; generic for Periactin®
    Cyproheptadine
  18. A derivative of the foxglove plant used to treat cardiac failure
    Digitalis
  19. Used as an antipyretic, but also has some analgesic and slight antiinflammatory properties
    Dipyrone
  20. Involuntary muscle rigidity (catalepsy), amnesia and analgesic characterizes anesthesia ising these drugs
    Dissociative agents
  21. Mixture of two or immiscible liquids, one being dispersed throughout the other in small droplets
    Emulsion
  22. NSAID; generic for Banamine®
    Flunixin meglumine
  23. Skeletal muscle relaxant and expectorant
    Guaifenesin
  24. Oral hypoglycemic agent
    Glipizide
  25. Comprehensive approach to health care that uses both alternative and conventional diagnostic techniques and therapeutic approaches
    Holistic medicine
  26. Medical discipline in which animal conditions are treated by administration of very small doses of substances that are capable of producing clinical signs in healthy animals
    Homeopathy
  27. Caused by tx
    Iatrogenic
  28. Within the subarachnoid space of the meninges
    Intrathecal
  29. Active ingredient for populart heartworm preventative, Heartgard Plus; also common in cattle dewormer
    Ivermectin
  30. Used for chmical restraint and anesthesia; usually in combination with other drugs
    Ketamine
  31. Antibiotic with large molecular structure and many-membered rings
    Macrolides
  32. Used for chemical restaint and sedation; generic for Domitor®
    Medetomidine
  33. Used as an anesthetic and sedation; generic for Demerol®
    Meperidine
  34. Used for tx of feline hyperthyroidism; generic for Tapazol®
    Methimazole
  35. Primarily used as an antiemetic and for tx of gastric motility disorders; contraindicated in suspected GI obstruction; generic for Reglan®
    Metoclopramide
  36. Substance that has antibacterial, antiprotozoal and imminosuppressive activities; commonly used as a tx for Giardia; generic for Flagyl®
    Metronidazole
  37. Prophylactic for hearworms, hookworms and roundworms; generic for Interceptor® and Sentinel®
    Milbemycin
  38. Respiratory stimulant and reversal agent for morphine
    Naloxone
  39. Proprionic acid derivative similar to ketoprofen and ibuprofen; labeled for uses in horses
    Naproxen
  40. Administer as a fine spray for inhalation
    Nebulize
  41. Agents that are a combination of an opioid and a trainquilizer or sedative
    Neuroleptanalgesics
  42. Discipline that uses micronutrient, macronutrients and other nutritional supplements as therapeutic agents
    Nutraceutical medicine
  43. Used as an anticonvulsant, anesthesia and euthanasia solution
    Pentobarbital
  44. Used to treat urinary incontinence in dogs
    Phenylpropanolamine
  45. Engulfing fluids into the cell by surrounding the particles and forming a vesicle
    Pinocytosis
  46. A form of herbal tx made by boiling fresh or dried herbs, squeezing out the excess liquid, cooling the herb and applying it to the skin
    Poultice
  47. A useful anesthetic induction agent before administration of an inhalant; can be used safely in sight hounds and for patients with pre-existing cardiac arrythmia's
    Propofol
  48. Harsh cathartics that cause watery stool and abdominal cramping
    Purgatives
  49. Commonly used fot deworming against hookworms and roundworms; generic for Strongid T® and Nemex®
    Pyrantel pamoate
  50. Used in the tx of oral, esophageal, gastric and duodenal ulcers; the only gastromucosal protectant in common use in veterinary medicine
    Sucralfate
  51. Group of drugs that inhibit the synthesis of folic acid to block the growth of a wide variety of bacteria
    Sulfonamides
  52. The capacity of causing birth defects
    Tetratogenicity
  53. Used for anesthetic induction, general anesthesia in large animals and trainquilization
    Thiamylal
  54. Diuretics that act directly on the renal tubules to block sodium reabsorption and promote chloride ion excretion
    Thiazides
  55. Period of time after drug administration during which the animal cannot be sent to market for slaughter and the eggs or milk
    Withdrawal time
  56. Drugs used to widen the arteries and/or veins, which alleviates constriction and improves cardiac output
    Vasodilators
  57. Chemical that kills viruses
    Virucidal
  58. Rapidly evaporate
    Volatilize
  59. Used as an anesthetic, pre-anesthetic and to induce emesis especially in cats
    Xylazine
  60. Used as a neurologic stimulant and a reversal drug for Rompun®
    Yohimbine

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