Anesthesia Monitoring

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Author:
anniles
ID:
165303
Filename:
Anesthesia Monitoring
Updated:
2012-08-08 00:47:56
Tags:
Anesthesia surgical nursing Veterinary technicians
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Description:
Surgical nursing for the VT
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  1. What is the primary goal for anesthesia monitoring?
    Ensuring adequate tissue perfusion
  2. Inadequate tissue perfusion may cause what?
    • Inability to remove waste products from cellular metabolism
    • Nutrients like glucose and O2 cannot be delivered to cells
  3. What organ is particularly sensitive to changes in tissue perfusion?
    Kidneys
  4. Every 5 minutes, what should  be monitored and recorded?
    • HR, heart rythm, pulse, BP
    • RR
    • MM & CRT
    • CO& O2 saturation
    • Reflexes, muscle tone, eye position
  5. What should be recorded and monitored every 15 minutes?
    • Temperature
    • Volume of fluid admin.
    • Oxygen flow rate (L/ml)
    • Gas [ ]
  6. What is the difference between subjective monitoring and objective monitoring?  Which one is best?
    • Subjective is the best because it involves direct monitoring through touch, visualization, and auscultation
    • Objective includes use of mechanical devices which are not always accurate
  7. What are subjective methods for monitoring?
    • Palpation of peripheral pulses
    • Warmth of extremeties
    • Auscultation w/ stethoscope
    • Assessment of CRT & MM
  8. What is BP?
    Force exerted by blood against the inner walls of blood vessels
  9. What is the normal range for systolic BP?
    (Don't forget labels!)
    100 - 150mmHg
  10. What is the mean blood pressure and what is considered normal?
    • Minimum BP to maintain adequate perfusion of vital organs
    • 75 - 90mmHg

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