Vitamins

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Author:
tville01
ID:
165326
Filename:
Vitamins
Updated:
2012-08-08 11:01:36
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Vitamins
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Vitamins
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  1. What is a water soluable vitamin
    Vitamin that dissolves or dispenses in water
  2. Give the examples of water souable vitamins
    • Choline
    • Vitamin C
    • B complex:
    •    -thiamine
    •    -riboflavin
    •    -niacin
    •    -pyridoxine
    •    -folate
    •    -B12
    •    -biotin
    •    -pantothenic acid
  3. What are fat soluable vitamins
    Vitamins that dissolve in fatty tissue or substances
  4. Give examples of fat soluable vitamins
    A,D,E,K
  5. What is the function of Thiamine(B1)
    Coenzyme for energy metabolism

    Muscle nerve action
  6. What are sources of Thiamine(B1)
    • Legumes
    • Whole and enriched grains
    • Seeds& nuts
    • Lean pork
  7. What is the function of Niacin(B3)
    Cofactor to enzymes

    Important in glycolysis and TCA cycle
  8. What are sources of Niacin(B3)
    • Meat
    • Fish
    • Poultry
    • Legumes
    • Whole and enriched cereals
    • Milk
    • Coffee
    • Tea
  9. What is the function of pyrodoxine(B6)
    Forms coenzyme PLP for energy metabolism

    Forms neurotransmitters for CNS

    Hemoglobin synthesis

    Converets trypyophan to niacin
  10. What are sources of pyrodoxine(B6)
    • Whole grains
    • Legumes
    • Poultry
    • Fish
    • Pork
    • Eggs
  11. What is the function of folate
    • Coenzyme for metabolism
    • Fetal Nerual tube development
    • Synthesis of:
    • amino acids
    • RNA&DNA
    • heme
  12. What are good sources of folate
    • Green leafy veggies
    • legumes
    • Vitamin C foods
  13. What is the function of Cobalamin(B12)
    • Transport/store folate
    • Mylein sheath development & maintain
    • Metabolism of:
    • fatty and amino acids
  14. What are sources of Cobalamin(B12)
    • Animal origin:
    • Meat
    • Fish
    • Poultry
    • Eggs
    • Diary
  15. What are the functions of vitamin C
    • Antioxidant and coenzyme
    • Collagen formation
    • Wound healing
    • Ehances non-heme absorption
  16. What are sources of vitamin C
    • Citrus
    • tomatoes
    • peppers
    • strawberries
    • broccoli
  17. What is the function of vitamin A
    • Maintains skin&mucus  membranes
    • Rhodopsin formation(vision)
    • Bone growth
    • Cell synthesis for reproduction
  18. What are sources of vitamin A
    • Deep green, yellow, and orange fruits & veggies
    • Whole milk
    • Fortefied milk
    • Butter
    • Egg Yolk
    • Liver
    • Fatty fish
  19. What is the function of vitamin D
    • Absorption of calcium & phosphorous
    • Bone mineralization
    • Mineral homeostasis
  20. What are sources of vitamin D
    • Butter
    • Egg yolk
    • Fatty fish
    • Liver
    • Fortefied milk
    • Body synthesis from sunlight
  21. What is the function of vitamin E
    Antioxidant for polyunsturated fat acid, vitamin A, selenium, and vitamin C
  22. What are sources of vitamin E
    • Vegetable oil
    • whole grain
    • Seeds
    • Nuts
    • Green leafy veggies
  23. What is the function of vitamin K
    • Cofactor in blood clotting factors
    • Protein formation
  24. What are sources of vitamin K
    • Green leafy veggies
    • intestinal synthesis
  25. What happens in niacin toxicity
    • vasodilation
    • Liver damage
    • Gout
    • Arthritic reactions
  26. How does the body manufactor vitamin D
    UV begins conversion of 7-dehydro-cholesterol(vitamin D precursor in skin) to cholecalciferol(vitamin D)
  27. If a patient is taking warfarin what vitamin should thwy limit intake of
    K

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