*Paul's Dictionary (set 4)

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*Paul's Dictionary (set 4)
2012-08-08 23:54:24
English vocabulary

Words encountered during reading
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  1. ubiquitous
    • 1. existing or being everywhere, especially at the same time; omnipresent:
    • _______ fog; ______ little ants.
  2. onerous
    • 1. burdensome, oppresive, or troublesome; causing hardship:
    • ______ duties.
    • 2. having or involving obligations or responsibilities, especially legal ones, that outweigh the advantages:
    • an ______ agreement.
    • Syn: heavy, crushing, grievous; irksome, galling.
  3. didactic
    • 1. intended for instruction; instructive:
    • ______ poetry.
    • 2. inclined to teach or lecture others too much:
    • a boring, ______ speaker.
    • 3. teaching or intended to teach a moral lesson.
    • Syn: pedantic, preachy, donnish, pedagogic.
  4. beatific
    • 1. bestowing bliss, blessings, happiness, or the like:
    • ______ peace.
    • 2. blissful; saintly:
    • a _______ smile.
    • Syn: serene, exalted, angelic, rapturous
  5. autism
    • 1. Psychiatry. a pervasive development disorder of children, characterized by impaired communication, excessive rigidity, and emotional detachment.
    • 2. a tendency to view life in terms of one's own needs and desires.
  6. bathos
    • 1. a ludicrous descent from the exalted or lofty to the commonplace; anticlimax.
    • 2. insincere pathos; sentimentality; mawkishness.
    • 3. triteness or triviality in style.
    • Syn: maudliness, tearfulness; mush, gush, schmaltz... insipidity, inanity.
  7. pathos
    • 1. the quality or power in an actual life experience or in literature, music, speech, or other forms of expression, of evoking a feeling of pity or compassion.
    • 2. pit.
    • 3. Obs. suffering
  8. perfunctory
    • 1. performed merely as a routine duty; hasty and superficial:
    • ______ courtesy.
    • 2. lacking interest, care or enthusiasm; indifferent or apathetic:
    • In his lectures he reveals himself to be merely a _____ speaker.
    • Syn: negligent, heedless, thoughtless, uninterested. Ant: careful, diligent.
  9. archetype / archetypal
    • 1. the original pattern or  model from which all things of the same kind are copied or on which they are based; a model or first form; prototype.
    • 2. (in Jungian psychology) a collectively inherited unconscious idea, pattern of thought, image, etc., universally present in individual psyches.
  10. precocious
    • 1. unusually advanced or mature in development, especially mental development:
    • a _____ child.
    • 2. prematurely developed, as the mind, faculties, etc.
    • 3. of or pertaining to premature development.
  11. succor
    • Noun
    • 1. help; relief; aid; assistance.
    • 2. a person or thing that gives help, relief, aid, etc.

    • Adj.
    • 3. to help or relieve.
  12. humectant
    • Noun
    • 1. a substance that absorbs or helps another substance retain moisture, as glycerol.

    • Adj.
    • 2. moistening; diluting.
    • 3. of or pertaining to a _______.
  13. prestidigitation
    1. sleight of hand; legerdemain.
  14. inure / enure
    • 1. to accustom to hardship, difficulty, pain, etc.; toughen or harden; habituate (usually followed by to):
    • ______d to cold.
    • 2. to come into use; take or have effect.
    • 3. to become beneficial or advantageous.
  15. provincial
    • Adj.
    • 1. belonging or peculiar to some particular province; local:
    • the _____ newspaper.
    • 2. of or pertaining to the provinces:
    • _____ customs; _____ dress.
    • 3. having or showing the manners, viewpoints, etc., considered characteristic of unsophisticated inhabitants of a province; rustic; narrow or illiberal; parochial:
    • a ______ point of view.
    • Noun
    • 4. a person who lives in or comes from the provinces.
    • 5. a person who lacks urban sophistication or broadmindedness.

    Syn: rural, small-town.
  16. aplomb
    • 1. imperturbable self-possession, poise, or assurance.
    • 2. the perpendicular, or vertical, position.
    • Syn: composure, equanimity, imperturbability.
  17. couchant
    • 1. lying down; crouching.
    • 2. Heraldry. (of an animal) represented as lying on its stomach with its hind legs and forelegs pointed foreward.
  18. pious
    • 1. having or showing a dutiful spirit or reverence for God or an earnes wish to fulfill religious obligations.
    • 2. characterized by a hypocritical concern with virtue or religious devotion; sanctimonious.
    • 3. practiced or used in the name of real or pretended religious motives, or for some ostensibly good object; falsely earnest or sincere:
    • a _____ deception.
    • 4. of or pertaining to religious devotion; sacred rather than secular:
    • _____ literature.
    • 5. having or showing appropriate respect or regard for parents or others.
    • Syn: devout, godly, reverent.
  19. sanctimonious
    • 1. making a hypocritical show of religious devotion, piety, righteousness, etc.:
    • They resented his ______ comments on immorality in America.
    • 2. Obs. holy; sacred.
  20. ostensible / ostensibly
    • 1. outwardly appearing as such; professed; pretended:
    • an ______ cheerfulness concealing sadness.
    • 2. apparent, evident, or conspicuous:
    • the ______ truth of their theories.
  21. rancor
    • 1. bitter resentment or ill will; hatred; malice.
    • Syn: bitterness, spite, venom, animosity, malevolence.
  22. belie
    • 1. to show to be false; contradict:
    • His trembling hands ______d his calm voice.
    • 2. to misrepresent:
    • The newspaper ______d the facts.
    • 3. to act unworthily according to the standards of (a tradition, one's ancestry, one's faith, etc.).
    • 4. Archaic. to lie about; slander.
    • Syn: refute, disprove, controvert, repudiate, confute, gainsay, misrepresent. Ant: prove, verify, support.
  23. demagogue
    • Noun
    • 1. a person, especially an orator or political leader, who gains power and popularity by arousing the emotions, passions, and prejudices of the people.
    • 2. (in ancient times) a leader of the people.

    • Verb
    • 3. to treat or manipulate (a political issue) in the manner of a _______; obscure or distort with emotionalism, prejudice, etc.
    • 4. to speak or act like a ______.
  24. conflagration
    1. a destructive fire, usually an extensive one.
  25. clement (noun) / clemency (adj.)
    • Adj.
    • 1. mild or merciful in disposition or character; lenient; compassionate:
    • A ______ judge reduced his sentence.
    • 2. (of the weather) mild or temperate; pleasant.

    • Noun
    • 3. the quality of being __(noun form)__; disposition to show forbearance, compassion, or forgiveness in judging or punishing; leniency; mercy.
    • 4. an act or deed showing mercy or leniency.
    • 5. (of the weather) mildness or temperateness.

    Syn: forgiveness, gentleness, mercifulness. Ant: harshness, severity.
  26. epithet
    • 1. any word or phrase applied to a person to describe an actual or attributed quality:
    • "Richard the Lion-Hearted" is an ______ of Richard I.
    • 2. a characterizing word or phrase firmly associated with a person or thing and often used in place of an actual name, title, or the like, as "man's best friend" for "dog."
    • 3. a word, phrase, or expression used invectively as a term of abuse or contempt, to express hostility, etc.
    • Syn: nickname, sobriquet, designation, appellation... curse, insult, abuse, expletive, obscenity.
  27. liturgy
    • 1. a form of public worship; ritual.
    • 2. a collection of formularies for public worship.
    • 3. a particular arrangement of services.
    • 4. a particular form or type of the Eucharistic service.
    • 5. the service of the Eucharist, especially this service Divine Liturgy in the Eastern Church.
  28. supplicate (verb) / suppliant (noun)
    suhp-li-keyt / suhp-lee-uhnt
    • Verb
    • 1. to pray humbly; make humble and earnest entreaty or petition.
    • 2. pray h umbly to; entreat or petition humbly.
    • 3. to seek or ask for by humble entreaty.

    • Noun
    • A person who __(verb form)__s

    Syn: implore, crave, solicit, beseech, appeal.
  29. commensurate
    • 1. having the same measure; of equal extent or duration.
    • 2. corresponding in amount, magnitude, or degree:
    • Your paycheck should be ________ed with the amount of time worked.
    • 3. proportionate; adequate.
    • 4. having a common measure.
  30. idiosyncrasy
    • 1. a characteristic, habit, mannerism, or the like, that is peculiar to an individual.
    • 2. the physical condition particular to an individual.
    • 3. a peculiarity of the physical or the mental constitution, especially susceptibility toward drugs, food, etc.
    • Syn: peculiarity, quirk, eccentricity.
  31. endemic
    • Adj.
    • 1. natural to or characteristic of a specific people or place; native; indigenous:
    • ______ folkways; countries where high unemployment is ______.
    • 2. belonging exclusively or confined to a particular place:
    • a fever ______ to the tropics.

    • Noun
    • 3. an ______ disease.
  32. gnostic
    • Adj.
    • 1. pertaining to knowledge.
    • 2. possessing knowledge, especially esoteric knowledge of spiritual matters.
    • 3. (Cap.) pertaining to or characteristic of the ______s.

    • Noun
    • 4. (Cap.) a member of any of certain sects among the early Christians who claimed to have superior knowledge of spiritual matters, and explained the world as created by powers of agencies arising as emanations from the Godhead.
  33. Godhead
    • 1. the essential being of God; the Supreme Being // the Holy Trinity of God the Father, Christ the Son, and the Holy Ghost.
    • 2. divinity; godhood.
    • 3. Rare. a god or goddess; deity.
  34. venal
    • 1. willing to sell one's influence, especially in return for a bribe; open to briber; mercenary:
    • a _____ judge.
    • 2. able to be purchased, as by a bribe:
    • ______ acquittals.
    • 3. associated with or characterized by bribery:
    • a ______ administration; ______ agreements.
    • Syn: bribable, corruptible. Ant: incorruptible.
  35. radiant
    • Adj.
    • 1. emitting rays of light; shining; bright:
    • the _____ sun; ______ colors.
    • 2. bright with joy, hope, etc.:
    • ______ smiles; a _____ future.
    • Syn: beaming, refulgent, resplendent, bright.
  36. indolent
    • 1. having or showing a disposition to avoid exertion; slothful:
    • an _____ person.
    • 2. Pahol. causing little or no pain; inactive or relatively benign:
    • an _____ ulcer that is not painful and is slow to heal.
    • Syn: inactive, slow, sluggish, torpid, idle.
  37. hegemony
    • 1. leadership or predominant influence exercised by one nation over others, as in a confederation.
    • 2. leadership; predominance.
    • 3. (especially among smaller nations) aggression or expansionism by large nations in an effort to achieve world domination.
  38. dogsbody
    a menial worker; drudge.
  39. lex talionis (also called talion)
    leks tal-ee-oh-nis
    the principle or law of retaliation that a punishment inflicted should correspond in degree and kind to the offense of the wrongdoer, as an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth; retributive justice.
  40. adroit
    • 1. expert or nimble in the use of the hands or body.
    • 2. cleverly skillful, resourceful, or ingenious:
    • an _____ debater.
  41. idiom
    • 1. an expression whose meaning is not predictable from the usual meanings of its constituent elements, as kick the bucket or hang one's head, or from the general grammatical rules of a language, as the round for the round table, and that is not a constituent of a larger expression of like characteristics.
    • 2. a language, dialect, or style of speaking peculiar to a people.
    • 3. a construction or expression of one language whose parts correspond to elements in another language but whose total structure or meaning is not matched in the same way in the second language.
    • 4. the peculiar character or genius of a language.
    • 5. a distinct style or character, in music, art, etc.:
    • the _____ of Bach.
    • Syn: phrase.
  42. intimation
    • 1. the act of making known indirectly.
    • 2. a hint; suggestion:
    • The death of his father was his first ______ of mortality.
  43. laconic
    • using few words; expressing much in few words; concise:
    • a _____ reply
    • Syn: brief, pithy, terse, succinct.
  44. adenoid / adenoids (noun) / adenoidal (adj)
    • Noun
    • an enlarged mass of lymphoid tissue in the upper pharynx, often obstructing breathing through the nasal passages (pertaining to the lymph glands).

    • Adj.
    • being characteristically pinched and nasal in tone quality:
    • a high-pitched, ______ voice.
  45. compunction
    • 1. a feeling of uneasiness or anxiety of the conscience caused by regret for doing wrong or causing pain; contrition; remorse.
    • 2. any uneasiness or hesitation about the rightness of an action.
  46. innocuous
    • 1. not harmful or injurious; harmless:
    • an ______ home remedy.
    • 2. not likely to irritate or offend; inoffensive;
    • an ______ remark.
    • 3. not interesting, stimulating, or significant; pallid; insipid:
    • an ______ novel.
  47. clarion
    • Adj.
    • 1. clear and shrill:
    • the ______ call of a battle trumpet.

    • Noun
    • 2. an ancient trumpet with a curved shape.
    • 3. the sound of this instrument.
    • 4. any similar sound.
  48. derelict
    • Adj.
    • 1. left or deserted, as by the owner or guardian; abandoned:
    • a ______ ship.
    • 2. neglectful of duty; delinquent; negligent.

    • Noun
    • 3. a person abandoned by society, especially a person without a permanent home and means of support; vagrant; bum.
    • 4. Naut. a vessel abandoned in open water by its crew without any hope or intention of returning.
    • 5. personal property abandoned or thrown away by the owner.
    • 6. one guilty of neglect or duty.
    • 7. Law. land left dry by a change of the water line.
    • Syn: remiss, careless, heedless.
  49. corsair
    • 1. a fast ship used for piracy.
    • 2. a pirate, especially formerly of the Barbary Coast.
  50. palisade
    • 1. a fence of pales or stakes set firmly in the ground, as for enclosure or defense.
    • 2. any of a number of pales or stakes pointed at the top and set firmly in the ground in a close row with others to form a defense.
    • 3. (plural) a line of cliffs.