*Paul's Dictionary (set 5)

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hotelneptune
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165363
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*Paul's Dictionary (set 5)
Updated:
2012-08-09 02:37:04
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English vocabulary
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Words encountered during reading (lots from Homer, Shelley)
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  1. apotropaic
    ap-uh-truh-prey-ik
    intended to ward off evil.
  2. sable
    sey-buhl
    • Adj.
    • 1. an Old World weasellike mammal, Mustela zibellina, of cold regions in Eurasia and the North Pacific islands, valued for its dark brown fur.
    • 2. a marten, especially Mustela americana.
    • 3. the fur of the _____.
    • 4. the color black, often being one of the heraldic colors.
    • 5. _____s, mourning garments.

    • Adj.
    • 6. of the heraldic color _____.
    • 7. made of the fur or hair of the ______.
    • 8. very dark; black.
  3. prudent / prudence
    prood-ns
    • Adj.
    • 1. wise or judicious in practical affairs; sagacious; discreet or circumspect; sober.
    • 2. careful in providing for the future; provident:
    • a ______ decision.

    • Noun
    • 1. the quality or fact of being __(adj form)__.
    • 2. caution with regard to practical matters; discretion.
    • 3. regard for one's own interests.
    • 4. provident care in the management of resources; economy; frugality.

    Syn: sensible... economical, thrifty, frugal. calculation, foresight, forethought. Ant: rashness.
  4. lee
    • Noun
    • 1. protective shelter:
    • the ______ of the rock gave us some protection against the storm.
    • 2. the side or part that is sheltered or turned away from the wind:
    • We erected our huts under the _____ of the mountain.
    • 3. Naut. ______ward: the quarter or region toward which the wind blows (opposed to windward).

    • Adj.
    • 4. pertaining to, situated in, or moving toward the ______.

    • Idioms
    • by the ______(Naut.) accidentally against what should be the lee side of a sail:
    • Careless steering brought the wind by the _____.
    • under the ______ (Naut.) to _____ward.
  5. guile
    gahyl
    • insidious cunning in attaining a goal; crafty or artful deception; duplicity.
    • Syn. trickery, fraud, craft, deceit.
  6. pugnacious
    puhg-ney-shuhs
    • 1. inclined to quarrel or fight readily; quarrelsome; belligernet; combative.
    • Syn: argumentative, contentious, bellicose. Ant: agreeable.
  7. argive
    ahr-gahyv
    Greek / a greek.
  8. blithe
    blahyth
    • 1. joyous, merry, or gay in disposition; glad; cheerful:
    • Everyone loved her for her ______ spirit.
    • 2. without thought or regard; carefree; heedless:
    • a ______ indifference to anyone's feelings.
    • Syn: happy, mirthful, sprightly, lighthearted, buoyant, joyful, ______some.
  9. shoal
    • Noun
    • 1. a place where a sea, river, or other body of water is shallow.
    • 2. a sandbank or sand bar in the bed of a body of water, especially one that is exposed above the surface of the water at low tide.

    • Adj.
    • 3. of little depth, as water; shallow.

    • Verb.
    • 4. to become shallow or more shallow.
    • 5. to cause to become shallow.
    • 6. Naut. to sail so as to lesson the depth of (the water under a vessel).

    • Syn: shallow, rapid, riffle. reef.
  10. promontory
    prom-uhn-tawr-ee
    • 1. a high point of land or rock projecting into the sea or other water beyond the line of coast; a headland.
    • 2. a bluff, or part of a plateau, overlooking a lowland.
    • 3. Anat. a prominent or protuberant part.
  11. harrow
    har-oh
    • Noun
    • 1. an agricultural implement with spikelike teeth or upright disks, drawn chiefly over plowed land to level it, break up clods, root up weeds, etc.

    • Verb.
    • 2. to draw a harrow over (land).
    • 3. to disturb keenly or painfully; distress the mind, feelings, etc., of.
    • 4. to become broken up by ______ing, as soil.
    • 5. Archaic. to ravish; violate; despoil // harry.
  12. sojourn
    soh-jurn
    • Noun
    • 1. a temporary stay:
    • during his ______ in Paris.

    • Verb
    • 2. to stay for a time in a place; live temporarily:
    • to ______ on the Riviera for two months.

    Syn: visit, vacation, rest, stop.
  13. Hyperion
    hahy-peer-ee-uhn
    • 1. Class. Myth. a Titan, the father of Helios, Selene, and Eos.
    • 2. Astron. a natural satellite of the planet Saturn.
  14. libertine
    lib-er-teen
    • Noun
    • 1. a person who is morally or sexually unrestrained, especially a dissolute man; a profligate; rake.
    • 2. a freethinker in religious matters.
    • 3. a person freed from slavery in ancient Rome.

    • Adj.
    • 4. free of moral, especially sexual, restraint; dissolute; licentious.
    • 5. freethinking in religious matters.
    • 6. Archaic. unrestrained; uncontrolled.

    Syn: roué, debauchee, lecher, sensualist... amoral, sensual, lasciivious, lewd. Ant: prude.
  15. pernicious
    per-nish-uhs
    • 1. causing insidious harm or ruin; ruinous; injurious; hurtful:
    • ______ teachings; a ______ lie.
    • 2. deadly; fatal:
    • a ______ disease.
    • 3. Obs. evil; wicked.

    Syn: harmful, detrimental, deleterious, destructive, damaging, baneful, noxious, malicious... lethal.
  16. satyr
    sey-ter
    • 1. Class. Myth. one of a class of woodland deities, attendant on Bacchus, represented as part human, part horse, and sometimes part goat and noted for riotousness and lasciviousness.
    • 2. a lascivious man; lecher.
  17. peripatetic
    per-uh-puh-tet-ik
    • Adj.
    • 1. walking or traveling about; itinerant.
    • 2. (cap.) of or pertaining to Aristotle, who taught philosophy while walking in the Lyceum of ancient Athens.
    • 3. (cap.) of or pertaining to the Aristotelian school of philosophy.

    • Noun
    • 4. a person who walks or travels about.
    • 5. (cap.) a member of the Aristotelian school.

    Syn: wandering, roving; vagrant.
  18. prostrate
    pros-treyt
    • Verb
    • 1. to cast (oneself) face down on the ground in humility, submission, or adoration.
    • 2. to lay flat, as on the ground.
    • 3. to throw down level with the ground.
    • 4. to overthrow, overcome, or reduce to helplessness.
    • 5. to reduce to physical exhaustion.

    • Adj.
    • 6. lying flat or at full length, as on the ground.
    • 7. lying face down on the ground, as in token of humility, submission, or adoration.
    • 8. overthrown, overcome, or helpless:
    • a country left ______ by natural disastes.
    • 9. physically weak or exhausted.
    • 10. submissive.
    • 11. utterly dejected or depressed; disconsolate.

    Syn: prone, supine, recumbent.
  19. capricious
    kuh-pree-shuhs
    • 1. subject to, led by, or indicative of ___(noun form)___ or whim; erratic:
    • He's such a ______ boss I never know how he'll react.
    • 2. Obs. fanciful or witty.
  20. diacritic / diacretical mark
    dahy-uh-krit-ik
    a mark, point, or sign added or attached to a letter or character to distinguish it from another of similar form, to give it a particular phonetic value, to indicate stress, etc., as a cedilla, tilde, circumflex, or macron.
  21. maudlin
    mawd-lin
    • 1. tearfully or weakly emotional; foolishly sentimental:
    • a ______ story of a little orphan and her lost dog.
    • 2. foolishly or mawkishly sentimental because of drunkenness.
  22. prevaricate
    pri-var-i-keyt
    • 1. to speak falsely or misleadingly; deliberately misstate or create an incorrect impression; lie.
    • Syn: evade, shift.
  23. parapet
    par-uh-pit
    • 1. Fort. a defensive wall or elevation, as of earth or stone, in a fortification. // an elevation raised above the main wall or rampart of a permanent fortification.
    • 2. any low protective wall or barrier at the edge of a balcony, roof, bridge, or the like.
  24. kirk
    • 1. Scot. and North Eng. a church.
    • 2. the Kirk, the Church of Scotland (Presbyterian), as distinguished from the Church of England or the Scottish Episcopal Church.
  25. Achaean
    uh-kee-uhn
    • 1. a member of one of the four main divisions of prehistoric Greeks, believed to have occupied the Peloponnesus and to have produced the Mycenaean culture.
    • 2. Greek.
  26. numinous
    noo-muh-nuhs
    • 1. of, pertaining to, or like a diety, especially one inhabiting an object; spiritual or supernatural.
    • 2. surpassing comprehension or understanding; mysterious:
    • that element in artistic expression that remains ______.
    • 3. arousing one's elevated feelings of duty, honor, loyalty, etc.:
    • a benevolent and ______ paternity.
  27. estuary
    es-choo-er-ee
    • 1. that part of the mouth or lower course of a river in which the river's current meets the sea's tide.
    • 2. an arm or inlet of the sea at the lower end of a river.
  28. avowal
    uh-vou-uhl
    1. an open statement of affirmation; frank acknowledgment or admission.
  29. prodigal
    prod-iguhl
    • Adj.
    • 1. wastefully or recklessly extravagant:
    • ______ expenditure.
    • 2. giving or yielding profusely; lavish (usually followed by of or with):
    • ______ of smiles; ______ with money.
    • 3. lavishly abundant; profuse:
    • nature's ______ resources.

    • Noun
    • 4. a person who spends, or has spent, his or her money or substance with wasteful extravagance; spendthrift.

    Syn: profligate... copious, bounteous... waster, wastrel... lavish. Ant: cautious, provident.
  30. rapine
    rap-ahyn
    the violent seizure and carrying off of another's property; plunder.
  31. precept
    pree-sept
    • 1. a commandment or direction given as a rule of action or conduct.
    • 2. an injunction as to moral conduct; maxim.
    • 3. a procedural directive or rule, as for the performance of some technical operation.
    • 4. Law. a writ or warrant // a written order issued pursuant to law, as a sheriff's order for an election.
    • Syn: directive, order, guide, instruction, prescription.
  32. injunction
    in-juhngk-shuhn
    • 1. Law. a judicial process or order requiring the person or persons to whom it is directed to do a particular act or to refrain from doing a particular act.
    • 2. an act or instance of enjoining (prescribing / ordering).
    • 3. a command; order; admonition:
    • the ______s of the Lord.
  33. crucible
    kroo-suh-buhl
    • 1. a container of metal or refractory material employed for heating substances to high temperatures.
    • 2. Metall. a hollow area at the bottom of a furnace in which the metal collects.
    • 3. a severe, searching test or trial.
  34. importune (verb) / importunate (adj.)
    im-pawr-toon
    • 1. to press or beset with solicitations; demand with urgency or persistence.
    • 2. to make improper advances toward (a person).
    • 3. to beg for (something) urgently or persistently.
    • 4. Obs. to annoy.
    • 5. Obs. to press; impel.
    • 6. to make urgent or persistent solicitations.
    • 7. to make improper advances toward another person.
    • Syn: beseech, entreat, implore, supplicate, solicit, plead.
  35. mercurial
    mer-kyoor-ee-uhl
    • 1. changeable; volatile; fickle; flighty; erratic:
    • a _______ nature.
    • 2. animated; lively; sprightly; quick-witted.
    • Syn: inconstant, indecisive... spirited. Ant: constant, steady.
  36. corinthian
    kuh-rin-thee-uhn
    • 1. ornate, as literary style.
    • 2. luxurious or licentious.
    • 3. a man about town, especially one who lives luxuriously or, sometimes, dissolutely.
  37. dissolute
    dis-uh-loot
    • 1. indifferent to moral restraints; given to immoral or improper conduct; licentious; dissipated.
    • Syn: corrupt, loose, debauched, wanton, abandoned.
  38. arrant
    ar-uhnt
    • 1. downright; thorough; unmitigated; notorious:
    • an ______ fool.
    • 2. wandering; errant.
    • Syn: thoroughgoing, utter, confirmed, flagrant.
  39. herald
    her-uhld
    • Noun
    • 1. (formerly) a royal or official messenger, especially one representing a monarch in an ambassadorial capacity during wartime.
    • 2. a person or thing that precedes or comes before; forerunner; harbinger:
    • the returning swallows, those ______s of spring.
    • 3. a person or thing that proclaims or announces:
    • A good newspaper should be a ______ of truth.
    • 4. (in the Middle Ages) an officer who arranged tournaments and other functions, announced challenges, marshaled combatants, etc., and who was later employed also to arrange processions, funerals, etc., and to regulate the use of armorial bearings.

    • Verb
    • 6. to give news or tidings of; announce; proclaim:
    • a publicity campaign to ______ a new film.
    • 7. to indicate or signal the coming of; usher in.

    • Syn: publicize, ballyhoo, tout.
  40. breaker(s)
    • a wave (waves) that breaks or dashes into foam.
  41. glade
    • an open space in a forest.
  42. tawny
    • of a dark yellowish or dull yellowish-brown color.
  43. diffident
    dif-i-duhnt
    • 1. lacking confidence in one's own ability, worth, or fitness; timid; shy.
    • 2. restrained or reserved in manner, conduct, etc.
    • 3. Archaic. distrustful.
    • Syn: self-conscious, self-effacting, abashed, embarrassed, modest, unassuming, unconfident, shy.
  44. pedant
    ped-nt
    • 1. a person who makes an excessive or inappropriate display of learning.
    • 2. a person who overemphasizes rules or minor details.
    • 3. a person who adheres rigidly to book knowledge without regard to common sense.
    • 4. Obs. a schoolmaster.
  45. loam
    • 1. a rich, friable (easily crumbled or reduced to powder) soil containing a relatively equal mixture of sand and silt and a somewhat smaller proportion of clay.
    • 2. a mixture of clay, sand, straw, etc., used in making molds for founding and in plastering walls, stopping holes, etc.
    • 3. earth or soil.
    • 4. Obs. clay or clayey earth.
  46. votive
    • 1. offered, given, dedicated, etc. in accordance with a vow:
    • a _______ offering.
    • 2. performed, undertaken, etc., in consequence of a vow
    • 3. of the nature of or expressive of a wish or desire.
  47. barrow
    bar-oh
    Brit. a hill.
  48. vassal
    vas-uhl
    • Noun
    • 1. (in the feudal system) a person granted the use of land, in return for rendering homage, fealty, and usually military service or its equivalent to a lord or other s uperior; feudal tenant.
    • 2. a person holding some similar relation to a superior; a subject, subordinate, follower, or retainer.
    • 3. a servant or slave.

    • Adj.
    • 4. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of a _______.
    • 5. having the status or position of a _______.
  49. saurian
    sawr-ee-uhn
    • Adj.
    • 1. belonging or pertaining to a group of reptiles originally including the lizards, crocodiles, and several extinct forms but now technically restricted to the lizards.
    • 2. resembling a lizard.

    • Noun
    • 3. a _______ animal, as a dinosaur or lizard.
  50. flout
    • 1. to treat with disdain, scorn, or contempt; scoff at; mock:
    • to ______ the rules of propriety.
    • 2. to show disdain, scorn, or contempt; scoff, mock, or gibe (often followed by at).

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