*Paul's Dictionary (set 5)

Card Set Information

*Paul's Dictionary (set 5)
2012-08-09 02:37:04
English vocabulary

Words encountered during reading (lots from Homer, Shelley)
Show Answers:

  1. apotropaic
    intended to ward off evil.
  2. sable
    • Adj.
    • 1. an Old World weasellike mammal, Mustela zibellina, of cold regions in Eurasia and the North Pacific islands, valued for its dark brown fur.
    • 2. a marten, especially Mustela americana.
    • 3. the fur of the _____.
    • 4. the color black, often being one of the heraldic colors.
    • 5. _____s, mourning garments.

    • Adj.
    • 6. of the heraldic color _____.
    • 7. made of the fur or hair of the ______.
    • 8. very dark; black.
  3. prudent / prudence
    • Adj.
    • 1. wise or judicious in practical affairs; sagacious; discreet or circumspect; sober.
    • 2. careful in providing for the future; provident:
    • a ______ decision.

    • Noun
    • 1. the quality or fact of being __(adj form)__.
    • 2. caution with regard to practical matters; discretion.
    • 3. regard for one's own interests.
    • 4. provident care in the management of resources; economy; frugality.

    Syn: sensible... economical, thrifty, frugal. calculation, foresight, forethought. Ant: rashness.
  4. lee
    • Noun
    • 1. protective shelter:
    • the ______ of the rock gave us some protection against the storm.
    • 2. the side or part that is sheltered or turned away from the wind:
    • We erected our huts under the _____ of the mountain.
    • 3. Naut. ______ward: the quarter or region toward which the wind blows (opposed to windward).

    • Adj.
    • 4. pertaining to, situated in, or moving toward the ______.

    • Idioms
    • by the ______(Naut.) accidentally against what should be the lee side of a sail:
    • Careless steering brought the wind by the _____.
    • under the ______ (Naut.) to _____ward.
  5. guile
    • insidious cunning in attaining a goal; crafty or artful deception; duplicity.
    • Syn. trickery, fraud, craft, deceit.
  6. pugnacious
    • 1. inclined to quarrel or fight readily; quarrelsome; belligernet; combative.
    • Syn: argumentative, contentious, bellicose. Ant: agreeable.
  7. argive
    Greek / a greek.
  8. blithe
    • 1. joyous, merry, or gay in disposition; glad; cheerful:
    • Everyone loved her for her ______ spirit.
    • 2. without thought or regard; carefree; heedless:
    • a ______ indifference to anyone's feelings.
    • Syn: happy, mirthful, sprightly, lighthearted, buoyant, joyful, ______some.
  9. shoal
    • Noun
    • 1. a place where a sea, river, or other body of water is shallow.
    • 2. a sandbank or sand bar in the bed of a body of water, especially one that is exposed above the surface of the water at low tide.

    • Adj.
    • 3. of little depth, as water; shallow.

    • Verb.
    • 4. to become shallow or more shallow.
    • 5. to cause to become shallow.
    • 6. Naut. to sail so as to lesson the depth of (the water under a vessel).

    • Syn: shallow, rapid, riffle. reef.
  10. promontory
    • 1. a high point of land or rock projecting into the sea or other water beyond the line of coast; a headland.
    • 2. a bluff, or part of a plateau, overlooking a lowland.
    • 3. Anat. a prominent or protuberant part.
  11. harrow
    • Noun
    • 1. an agricultural implement with spikelike teeth or upright disks, drawn chiefly over plowed land to level it, break up clods, root up weeds, etc.

    • Verb.
    • 2. to draw a harrow over (land).
    • 3. to disturb keenly or painfully; distress the mind, feelings, etc., of.
    • 4. to become broken up by ______ing, as soil.
    • 5. Archaic. to ravish; violate; despoil // harry.
  12. sojourn
    • Noun
    • 1. a temporary stay:
    • during his ______ in Paris.

    • Verb
    • 2. to stay for a time in a place; live temporarily:
    • to ______ on the Riviera for two months.

    Syn: visit, vacation, rest, stop.
  13. Hyperion
    • 1. Class. Myth. a Titan, the father of Helios, Selene, and Eos.
    • 2. Astron. a natural satellite of the planet Saturn.
  14. libertine
    • Noun
    • 1. a person who is morally or sexually unrestrained, especially a dissolute man; a profligate; rake.
    • 2. a freethinker in religious matters.
    • 3. a person freed from slavery in ancient Rome.

    • Adj.
    • 4. free of moral, especially sexual, restraint; dissolute; licentious.
    • 5. freethinking in religious matters.
    • 6. Archaic. unrestrained; uncontrolled.

    Syn: roué, debauchee, lecher, sensualist... amoral, sensual, lasciivious, lewd. Ant: prude.
  15. pernicious
    • 1. causing insidious harm or ruin; ruinous; injurious; hurtful:
    • ______ teachings; a ______ lie.
    • 2. deadly; fatal:
    • a ______ disease.
    • 3. Obs. evil; wicked.

    Syn: harmful, detrimental, deleterious, destructive, damaging, baneful, noxious, malicious... lethal.
  16. satyr
    • 1. Class. Myth. one of a class of woodland deities, attendant on Bacchus, represented as part human, part horse, and sometimes part goat and noted for riotousness and lasciviousness.
    • 2. a lascivious man; lecher.
  17. peripatetic
    • Adj.
    • 1. walking or traveling about; itinerant.
    • 2. (cap.) of or pertaining to Aristotle, who taught philosophy while walking in the Lyceum of ancient Athens.
    • 3. (cap.) of or pertaining to the Aristotelian school of philosophy.

    • Noun
    • 4. a person who walks or travels about.
    • 5. (cap.) a member of the Aristotelian school.

    Syn: wandering, roving; vagrant.
  18. prostrate
    • Verb
    • 1. to cast (oneself) face down on the ground in humility, submission, or adoration.
    • 2. to lay flat, as on the ground.
    • 3. to throw down level with the ground.
    • 4. to overthrow, overcome, or reduce to helplessness.
    • 5. to reduce to physical exhaustion.

    • Adj.
    • 6. lying flat or at full length, as on the ground.
    • 7. lying face down on the ground, as in token of humility, submission, or adoration.
    • 8. overthrown, overcome, or helpless:
    • a country left ______ by natural disastes.
    • 9. physically weak or exhausted.
    • 10. submissive.
    • 11. utterly dejected or depressed; disconsolate.

    Syn: prone, supine, recumbent.
  19. capricious
    • 1. subject to, led by, or indicative of ___(noun form)___ or whim; erratic:
    • He's such a ______ boss I never know how he'll react.
    • 2. Obs. fanciful or witty.
  20. diacritic / diacretical mark
    a mark, point, or sign added or attached to a letter or character to distinguish it from another of similar form, to give it a particular phonetic value, to indicate stress, etc., as a cedilla, tilde, circumflex, or macron.
  21. maudlin
    • 1. tearfully or weakly emotional; foolishly sentimental:
    • a ______ story of a little orphan and her lost dog.
    • 2. foolishly or mawkishly sentimental because of drunkenness.
  22. prevaricate
    • 1. to speak falsely or misleadingly; deliberately misstate or create an incorrect impression; lie.
    • Syn: evade, shift.
  23. parapet
    • 1. Fort. a defensive wall or elevation, as of earth or stone, in a fortification. // an elevation raised above the main wall or rampart of a permanent fortification.
    • 2. any low protective wall or barrier at the edge of a balcony, roof, bridge, or the like.
  24. kirk
    • 1. Scot. and North Eng. a church.
    • 2. the Kirk, the Church of Scotland (Presbyterian), as distinguished from the Church of England or the Scottish Episcopal Church.
  25. Achaean
    • 1. a member of one of the four main divisions of prehistoric Greeks, believed to have occupied the Peloponnesus and to have produced the Mycenaean culture.
    • 2. Greek.
  26. numinous
    • 1. of, pertaining to, or like a diety, especially one inhabiting an object; spiritual or supernatural.
    • 2. surpassing comprehension or understanding; mysterious:
    • that element in artistic expression that remains ______.
    • 3. arousing one's elevated feelings of duty, honor, loyalty, etc.:
    • a benevolent and ______ paternity.
  27. estuary
    • 1. that part of the mouth or lower course of a river in which the river's current meets the sea's tide.
    • 2. an arm or inlet of the sea at the lower end of a river.
  28. avowal
    1. an open statement of affirmation; frank acknowledgment or admission.
  29. prodigal
    • Adj.
    • 1. wastefully or recklessly extravagant:
    • ______ expenditure.
    • 2. giving or yielding profusely; lavish (usually followed by of or with):
    • ______ of smiles; ______ with money.
    • 3. lavishly abundant; profuse:
    • nature's ______ resources.

    • Noun
    • 4. a person who spends, or has spent, his or her money or substance with wasteful extravagance; spendthrift.

    Syn: profligate... copious, bounteous... waster, wastrel... lavish. Ant: cautious, provident.
  30. rapine
    the violent seizure and carrying off of another's property; plunder.
  31. precept
    • 1. a commandment or direction given as a rule of action or conduct.
    • 2. an injunction as to moral conduct; maxim.
    • 3. a procedural directive or rule, as for the performance of some technical operation.
    • 4. Law. a writ or warrant // a written order issued pursuant to law, as a sheriff's order for an election.
    • Syn: directive, order, guide, instruction, prescription.
  32. injunction
    • 1. Law. a judicial process or order requiring the person or persons to whom it is directed to do a particular act or to refrain from doing a particular act.
    • 2. an act or instance of enjoining (prescribing / ordering).
    • 3. a command; order; admonition:
    • the ______s of the Lord.
  33. crucible
    • 1. a container of metal or refractory material employed for heating substances to high temperatures.
    • 2. Metall. a hollow area at the bottom of a furnace in which the metal collects.
    • 3. a severe, searching test or trial.
  34. importune (verb) / importunate (adj.)
    • 1. to press or beset with solicitations; demand with urgency or persistence.
    • 2. to make improper advances toward (a person).
    • 3. to beg for (something) urgently or persistently.
    • 4. Obs. to annoy.
    • 5. Obs. to press; impel.
    • 6. to make urgent or persistent solicitations.
    • 7. to make improper advances toward another person.
    • Syn: beseech, entreat, implore, supplicate, solicit, plead.
  35. mercurial
    • 1. changeable; volatile; fickle; flighty; erratic:
    • a _______ nature.
    • 2. animated; lively; sprightly; quick-witted.
    • Syn: inconstant, indecisive... spirited. Ant: constant, steady.
  36. corinthian
    • 1. ornate, as literary style.
    • 2. luxurious or licentious.
    • 3. a man about town, especially one who lives luxuriously or, sometimes, dissolutely.
  37. dissolute
    • 1. indifferent to moral restraints; given to immoral or improper conduct; licentious; dissipated.
    • Syn: corrupt, loose, debauched, wanton, abandoned.
  38. arrant
    • 1. downright; thorough; unmitigated; notorious:
    • an ______ fool.
    • 2. wandering; errant.
    • Syn: thoroughgoing, utter, confirmed, flagrant.
  39. herald
    • Noun
    • 1. (formerly) a royal or official messenger, especially one representing a monarch in an ambassadorial capacity during wartime.
    • 2. a person or thing that precedes or comes before; forerunner; harbinger:
    • the returning swallows, those ______s of spring.
    • 3. a person or thing that proclaims or announces:
    • A good newspaper should be a ______ of truth.
    • 4. (in the Middle Ages) an officer who arranged tournaments and other functions, announced challenges, marshaled combatants, etc., and who was later employed also to arrange processions, funerals, etc., and to regulate the use of armorial bearings.

    • Verb
    • 6. to give news or tidings of; announce; proclaim:
    • a publicity campaign to ______ a new film.
    • 7. to indicate or signal the coming of; usher in.

    • Syn: publicize, ballyhoo, tout.
  40. breaker(s)
    • a wave (waves) that breaks or dashes into foam.
  41. glade
    • an open space in a forest.
  42. tawny
    • of a dark yellowish or dull yellowish-brown color.
  43. diffident
    • 1. lacking confidence in one's own ability, worth, or fitness; timid; shy.
    • 2. restrained or reserved in manner, conduct, etc.
    • 3. Archaic. distrustful.
    • Syn: self-conscious, self-effacting, abashed, embarrassed, modest, unassuming, unconfident, shy.
  44. pedant
    • 1. a person who makes an excessive or inappropriate display of learning.
    • 2. a person who overemphasizes rules or minor details.
    • 3. a person who adheres rigidly to book knowledge without regard to common sense.
    • 4. Obs. a schoolmaster.
  45. loam
    • 1. a rich, friable (easily crumbled or reduced to powder) soil containing a relatively equal mixture of sand and silt and a somewhat smaller proportion of clay.
    • 2. a mixture of clay, sand, straw, etc., used in making molds for founding and in plastering walls, stopping holes, etc.
    • 3. earth or soil.
    • 4. Obs. clay or clayey earth.
  46. votive
    • 1. offered, given, dedicated, etc. in accordance with a vow:
    • a _______ offering.
    • 2. performed, undertaken, etc., in consequence of a vow
    • 3. of the nature of or expressive of a wish or desire.
  47. barrow
    Brit. a hill.
  48. vassal
    • Noun
    • 1. (in the feudal system) a person granted the use of land, in return for rendering homage, fealty, and usually military service or its equivalent to a lord or other s uperior; feudal tenant.
    • 2. a person holding some similar relation to a superior; a subject, subordinate, follower, or retainer.
    • 3. a servant or slave.

    • Adj.
    • 4. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of a _______.
    • 5. having the status or position of a _______.
  49. saurian
    • Adj.
    • 1. belonging or pertaining to a group of reptiles originally including the lizards, crocodiles, and several extinct forms but now technically restricted to the lizards.
    • 2. resembling a lizard.

    • Noun
    • 3. a _______ animal, as a dinosaur or lizard.
  50. flout
    • 1. to treat with disdain, scorn, or contempt; scoff at; mock:
    • to ______ the rules of propriety.
    • 2. to show disdain, scorn, or contempt; scoff, mock, or gibe (often followed by at).