*Paul's Dictionary (set 6)

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hotelneptune
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165400
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*Paul's Dictionary (set 6)
Updated:
2012-08-10 03:19:34
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English vocabulary
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Words encountered during reading (lots from Homer, Lovecraft and Shelley)
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  1. hawser
    • Naut. a heavy rope for mooring or towing.
  2. insidious
    in-sid-ee-uhs
    • 1. intended to entrap or beguile:
    • an _______ plan.
    • 2. stealthily treacherous or deceitful:
    • an _______ enemy.
    • 3. operating or proceeding in an inconspicuous or seemingly harmless way but actually with grave effect:
    • an _______ disease.
    • Syn: corrupting... artful, cunning, wily, subtle, crafty.
  3. travail
    truh-veyl
    • Noun
    • 1. painfully difficult or burdensome work; toil.
    • 2. pain, anguish or suffering resulting from mental or physical hardship.
    • 3. the pain of childbirth.

    • Verb
    • 4. to suffer the pangs of childberth; be in labor.
    • 5. to toil or exert oneself.

    Syn: labor, moil... torment, agony.
  4. ambulatory
    am-byuh-luh-tawr-ee
    • 1. of, pertaining to, or capable of walking:
    • an _______ exploration of the countryside.
    • 2. adapted for walking, as the limbs of many animals.
    • 3. moving around or from place to place; not stationary:
    • an _______ tribe.
    • 4. Med. not confined to bed; able or strong enough to walk.
  5. serried
    ser-eed
    • 1. pressed together or compacted, as soldiers in rows:
    • _______ troops.
  6. intaglio
    in-tal-yoh
    • 1. incised carving, as opposed to carving in relief.
    • 2. ornamentation with a figure or design sunk below the surface.
    • 3. a gem, seal, piece of jewelry, or the like, cut with an incised or sunken design.
    • 4. an incised or countersunk die.
    • 5. a figure or design so produced.
    • 6. a process in which a design, text, etc., is engraved into the surface of a plate so that when ink is applied and the excess is wiped off, ink remains in the grooves and is transferred to paper in printing, as in engraving or etching.
    • 7. an impression or printing from such a design, engraving, etc.
  7. hackle / hackles
    hak-uhls
    • 1. one of the long, slender feathers on the neck or saddle of certain birds, as the domestic rooster, much used in making artificial flies for anglers.
    • 2. the neck plumage of a male bird, as the domestic rooster.
    • 3. the erectile hair on the back of an animals neck:
    • at the sound of footsteps, the dog raised her ______s.
    • anger, especially when aroused in a challenging or challenged manner:
    • with one's ______s up.

    • Idiom: raise one's _______s. to arouse one's anger:
    • such officiousness always raises my ______s.
  8. bane
    • 1. a person or thing that ruins or spoils:
    • Gambling was the ______ of his existence.
    • 2. a deadly poison (often used in combination, as in the names of poisonous plants):
    • wolfs______; hen_______.
    • 3. death; destruction; ruin.
    • 4. Obs. that which causes death or destroys life:
    • entrapped and drowned beneath the watery ______.
  9. bastion
    bas-chuhn
    • 1. Fort. a projecting portion of a rampart or fortification that forms an irregular pentagon attached at the base of the main work.
    • 2. a fortified place.
    • 3. anything seen as preserving or protecting some quality, condition, etc.:
    • a ______ of solitude; a ______ of democracy.
    • Syn: fortress, fort, bulwark, stronghold, citadel.
  10. largesse
    lahr-jes
    • 1. generous bestowal of gifts.
    • 2. the gift or gifts, as of money, so bestowed.
    • 3. Obs. generosity; liberality.
  11. bower
    • Noun
    • 1. a leafy shelter or recess; arbor.
    • 2. a rustic dwelling; cottage.
    • 3. a lady's boudoir in a medieval castle.

    • Verb
    • 4. to enclose in or as in a ______; em_______.

    • Naut (alternative): an anchor carried at a ship's bow.
  12. cairn (also carn)
    • a heap of stones set up as a landmark, monument, tombstone, etc.
  13. pinion
    pin-yuhn
    • Noun
    • 1. the distal or terminal segment of the wing of a bird consisting of the carpus, metacarpus, and phalanges.
    • 2. the wing of a bird.
    • 3. a feather.
    • 4. the flight feathers collectively.

    • Verb
    • 5. to cut off the ___(noun)____ of (a wing) or bind (the wings), as in order to prevent a bird from flying.
    • 6. to disable or restrain (a bird) in such a manner.
    • 7. to bind (a person's arms or hands) so they cannot be used.
    • 8. to disable (someone) in such a manner; shackle.
    • 9. to bind or hold fast, as to a thing:
    • to be _______ed to one's bad habits.
  14. fecund
    fee-kuhnd
    • 1. producing or capable of producing offspring, fruit, vegetation, etc., in abundance; prolific; fruitful:
    • ________ parents; _______ farmland.
    • 2. very productive or creative intellectually:
    • the ________ years of the Italian Renaissance.
  15. ossuary (also ossuarium)
    osh-oo-er-ee
    • a place or receptacle for the bones of the dead.
  16. ichor
    ahy-kawr
    • 1. Class. Myth. an ethereal fluid flowing in the veins of the gods.
    • 2. Pathol. an acrid, watery discharge, as from an ulcer or wound.
  17. ethereal
    ih-theer-ee-uhl
    • 1. light, airy, or tenuous:
    • an _______ world created through the poetic imagination.
    • 2. extremely delicate or refined:
    • _______ beauty.
    • 3. heavenly or celestial:
    • gone to his ______ home.
    • 4. of or pertaining to the upper regions of space.
  18. miasma
    mahy-az-muh
    • 1. noxious exhalations from putrescent organic matter; poisonous effluvia or germs polluting the atmosphere.
    • 2. a dangerous, foreboding, or deathlike influence or atmosphere.
  19. charnel
    chahr-nl
    • Noun
    • 1. a repository for dead bodies (_______ house).

    • Adj.
    • 2. of, like, or fit for a ______; deathlike; sepulchral.
  20. wanton
    won-tn
    • Adj.
    • 1. done, shown, used, etc., maliciously or unjustifiably:
    • a ______ attack; ______ cruelty.
    • 2. deliberate and without motive or provocation; uncalled-for; headstrong; willful:
    • Why jeapordize your career in such a ______ way?
    • 3. without regard for what is right, just, humane, etc.; careless; reckless:
    • a ______ attacker of religious convictions.
    • 4. sexually lawless or unrestrained; loose; lascivious; lewd:
    • ______ behavior.
    • 5. extravagantly or excessively luxurious, as a person, manner of living, or style.
    • 6. Archaic. sportive or frolicsome, as children or young animals // having free play:
    • ______ breezes; a ______ brook.

    • Noun
    • 8. a ______ or lascivious person, especially a woman.

    • Verb
    • 9. to behave in a ______ manner; become ______.
    • 10. to squander, especially in pleasure (often followed by away):
    • to ______ away one's inheritance.

    Syn: malicious, calculated, heedless, inconsiderate, licentious, dissolute, immoral, libidinous, concupiscent, lustful, lavish, waste. Ant: careful, considerate, restrained.
  21. amphora / amphorae or amphoras
    am-fer-uh
    • a large two-handled storage jar having an oval body, usually tapering to a point at the base, with a pair of handles extending fro immediately below the lip to the shoulder. Used chiefly for wine, oil, etc., and, set on a foot, as a commemorative vase awarded the victors in contess such as the Panathenaic games.
  22. gall
    • Noun
    • 1. impudence; effrontery.
    • 2. bile, especially that of an animal.
    • 3. something bitter or severe.
    • 4. bitterness of spirit; rancor.

    • Idiom
    • 5. ______ and wormwood: bitterness of spirit; deep resentment.

    Syn: nerve, audacity, brass, cheek.

    • //2nd def.
    • Verb
    • 1. to make sore by rubbing; chafe severely:
    • The saddle ______ed the horse's back.
    • 2. to vex or irritate greatly:
    • His arrogant manner ______s me.
    • 3. to become chafed.

    • Noun
    • 4. a sore on the skin, especially of a horse, due to rubbing; excoriation.
    • 5. something very vexing or irritating.
    • 6. a state of vexation or irritation.
  23. erudite
    er-yoo-dahyt
    • characterized by great knowledge; learned or scholarly:
    • an ______ professor; an ______ commentary.
  24. itinerant
    ahy-tin-er-uhnt
    • Adj.
    • 1. traveling from place to place, especially on a circuit, as a minister, judge, or sales representative; journeying.
    • 2. characterized by such traveling:
    • ______ preaching.
    • 3. working in one place for a comparatively short time and then moving on to work in another place, usually a a physical or outdoor laborer; characterized by alternating periods of working and wandering:
    • an ______ farm hand.

    • Noun
    • 4. a person who alternates between working and wandering.
    • 5. a person who travels from place to place, especially for duty or business.

    Syn: wandering, nomadic, migratory, unsettled, roving, roaming; peripatetic. Ant: settled.
  25. uncanny
    • 1. having or seeming to have a supernatural or inexplicable basis; beyond the ordinary or normal; extraordinary:
    • ______ accuracy; an ______ knack of foreseeing trouble.
    • 2. mysterious; arousing superstitious fear or dread; uncomfortably strange:
    • ______ sounds filled the house.

    Syn:
    preternatural, odd, weird. Ant: ordinary, natural.
  26. tractable
    trak-tuh-buhl
    • 1. easily managed or controlled; docile; yielding:
    • a ______ child; a ______ disposition.
    • 2. easily worked, shaped, or otherwise handled; malleable.
    • Syn: manageable, willing, governable. Ant: stubborn.
  27. gibbous
    gib-uhs
    • 1. Astron. (of a heavenly body) convex at both edges, as the moon when more than half full.
    • 2. humpbacked.
  28. philistine
    fil-uh-steen
    • Noun
    • 1. (cap.) a person who is lacking in or hostile or smugly indifferent to cultural values, intellectual pursuits, aesthetic refinement, etc., or is contentedly commonplace in ideas and tastes.

    • Adj.
    • 2. (cap.) lacking in or hostile to culture.
    • 3. smugly commonplace or conventional.

    Syn: Babbitt, vulgarian, lowbrow
  29. disport
    dih-spohrt
    • Verb
    • 1. to divert or amuse (oneself)
    • 2. to display (oneself) in a sportive manner:
    • The picnickers ______ed themselves merrily on the beach.
    • 3. to divert oneself; sport.

    • Noun
    • 4. diversion; amusement; play; sport.
  30. bas-relief (aka low relief)
    bah-ri-leef
    • 1. relief sculpture in which the figures project slightly from the background.
  31. nepotism
    nep-uh-tiz-uhm
    • patronage bestowed or favoritsm shown on the basis of family relationship, as in business and politics:
    • She was accused of ______ when she made her nephew an officer of the firm.
  32. despot
    des-puht
    • 1. a king or other ruler with absolute, unlimited power; autocrat.
    • 2. any tyrant or oppressor.
    • 3. Hist. an honorary title applied to a Byzantine emperor, afterward to members of his family, and later to Byzantine vassal rulers and governors.
  33. neologism
    nee-ol-uh-jiz-uhm
    • 1. a nw word, meaning, usage or phrase.
    • 2. the introduction or use of new words or new senses of existing words.
    • 3. a new doctrine, especially a new interpretation of sacred writings.
    • 4. Psychiatry. a new word, often consisting of a combination of other words, that is understood only by the speaker, occurring most often in the speech of schizophrenics.
  34. stygian
    stij-ee-uhn
    • 1. of or pertaining to the river Styx or to Hades.
    • 2. dark or gloomy.
    • 3. infernal; hellish.
  35. wax
    • 1. to increase in extent, quantity, intensity, power, etc.:
    • Discord _____ed at an alarming rate.
    • 2. (of the moon) to increase in the extent of its illuminated portion before the full moon.
    • 3. to grow or become:
    • He _____ed angry at the insinuation.
    • Syn: extend, grow, lengthen, enlarge, dilate.

    • //alt. def.
    • Brit. a fit of anger; rage.
  36. wane
    • Verb
    • 1. to decrease in strength, intensity, etc.:
    • Daylight _____ed, and night came on. Her enthusiasm for the cause is ______ing.
    • 2. to decline in power, importance, prosperity, etc.:
    • Colonialism began to ______ after World War 2.
    • 3. to draw to a close; approach an end:
    • Summer is ______ing.
    • 4. (of the moon) to decrease periodically in the extent of its illuminated portion after the full moon.

    • Noun
    • 5. a gradual decrease or decline in strength, intensity, power, etc.
    • 6. the drawing to close of life, an era, a period, etc.
    • 7. the ______ing of the moon.
    • 8. a period of ______ing.


    • Idiom: on the ______; decreasing, diminishing:
    • The popularity of that song is on the _____.
  37. miscegenation
    mi-sej-uh-ney-shuhn
    • 1. marriage or cohabitation between a man and woman of different races, especially, in the U.S., between a bllack and a white person.
    • 2. interbreeding between members of different races.
    • 3. the mixing or a mixture of races by interbreeding.
  38. exaltation
    • elation of mind or feeling, sometimes abnormal or morbid in character; rapture:
    • mystical _______; euphoric ______.
    • Syn: exultation, transport, euphoria, ecstasy
  39. redolent
    red-l-uhnt
    • 1. having a pleasant odor; fragrant.
    • 2. odorous or smelling (usually followed by of):
    • _____ of garlic.
    • 3. suggestive; reminiscent (usually followed by of):
    • verse ______ of Shakespeare.
    • Syn: odorous, aromatic, odorierous.
  40. dirge
    • 1. a funeral song or tune, or one expressing mourning in commemoration of the dead.
    • 2. any composition resembling such a song or tune in character, as a poem of lament for the dead or solemn, mournful music:
    • Tennyson's ______ for the Duke of Wellington.
    • 3. a  mournful sound resembling a _____:
    • the autumn wind sang the ______ of summer.
    • 4. Eccles. the office of the the dead, or the funeral service as sung.
  41. approbation
    ap-ruh-bey-shuhn
    • 1. approval; commendation.
    • 2. official approval or sanction.
    • 3. Obs. conclusive proof.
  42. ignominy (noun) / ignominious (adj.)
    ig-nom-uh-nee / ig-nuh-min-ee-uhs
    • Noun
    • 1. disgrace; dishonor; public contempt.
    • 2. shameful or dishonorable quality or conduct or an instance of this.
    • Syn: disrepute, discredit, shame, obloquy, opprobrium, disgrace. Ant: credit, honor

    • Adj.
    • 1. marked by or attended with ____(noun form)____; discreditable; humiliating:
    • an ______ retreat.
    • 2. bearing or deserving ___(noun form)___; contemptible.
    • Syn: degrading, disgraceful, dishonorable, shameful, despicable, ignoble.
  43. absolution / absolve
    • 1. a freeing from blame or guilt; release from consequences, obligations, or penalties.
    • 2. Roman Cath. Theol. a remission of sin or of the punishment for sin, made by a priest in the sacrament of penance on the ground of authority received from Christ.
    • 3. Prot. Theol. a declaration or assurance of divine forgiveness to penitent believers, made after confession of sins.
  44. perdition
    per-dish-uhn
    • 1. a state of final spiritual ruin; loss of the soul; damnation.
    • 2. the future state of the wicked.
    • 3. hell.
    • 4. utter destruction or ruin.
    • 5. Obs. loss.
  45. supercilious
    soo-per-sil-ee-uhs
    • haughtily disdainful or contemptuous, as a person or a facial expression.
    • Syn: arrogant, scornful. Ant: humble.
  46. somnambulate
    som-nam-byuh-leyt
    to walk during sleep; sleepwalk.
  47. peremptory (adj.) / peremptorily (adv.)
    puh-remp-tuh-ree
    • 1. leaving no opportunity for denial or refulsal; imperative;
    • a ______ command.
    • 2. imperious or dictatorial.
    • 3. positive or asservtive in speech, tone, manner, etc.
    • 4. Law. that precludes or does not admit of debate, question, etc.:
    • a ______ edict.
    • decisive or final // in which a command is absolute and unconditional:
    • a ______ write.
    • Syn: arbitrary, dogmatic, domineering.
  48. staid
    • 1. of settled or sedate character; not flighty or capricious.
    • 2. fixed, settled, or permanent.
    • Syn: proper, serious, decorous, solemn, sedate, settled, sober, composed... a colorless kind of correctness.
    • a ______ and uninteresting family.
  49. contiguous
    kuhn-tig-yoo-uhs
    • 1. touching; in contact.
    • 2. in close proximity without actually touching; near.
    • 3. adjacent in time:
    • ______ evnts.
    • Syn: bordering, adjoining, abutting, adjacent
  50. laudable
    • 1. deserving praise; praiseworthy; commendable:
    • Reorganizing the files was a ______ idea.
    • 2. Med. Obs. healthy; wholesome; not noxious.

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