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What is defined as "the science of reasoning?"
Logic.

With regard to computer logic circuits, what is meant by "complement?"
The opposite of the original statement.

What are the complements of the following terms? (a.) Q (b.) R (c.) V (d.) Z
 (a.) Q (not _ placed above)
 (b.) R (not _ placed above)
 (c.) V (not _ placed above)
 (d.) Z (not _ place above)

If logic 1 = 5 vdc and logic 0 = 10 vdc, what logic polarity is being used?
Positive.

If logic 1 = +2 vdc and logic 0 = 2 vdc, what logic polarity is being used?
Positive.

If logic 1 = 5 vdc and logic 0 = 0 vdc, what logic polarity is being used?
Negative.

What is the Boolean expression for the output of an AND gate that has R and S as inputs?
f = R x S.

What must be the logic state of R and S to produce the TRUE output on an AND gate?
Both must be 1s (HIGH) at the same time.

How many input combinations exist for a fourinput AND gate?
16.

Write the Boolean expression for an OR gate having G, K, and L as inputs.
f = G+K+L.

How many input combinations are possible using G, K, and L to an OR gate?
Eight.

Using inputs G, K, and L to an OR gate. How many of those combinations will produce a HIGH output?
Seven.

What is the complement of XYZ?
XYZ (not _ placed above)

In a properly functioning circuit, can both the input and output of an inverter be HIGH at the same time?
No.

A NAND gate has Z and X as inputs. What will be the output logic level if Z is HIGH and X is LOW?
HIGH.

What must be the state of the inputs to a NAND gate in order to produce a LOW output?
All inputs must be HIGH.

A NAND gate has inputs labeled as A, B(not), and C. If A and B(not) are HIGH, C must be at what logic level to produce a HIGH output?
Low.

How does a NOR gate differ from an OR gate?
It has an inverter on the output.

What will be the output of a NOR gate when both inputs are HIGH?
Low.

In what state must the inputs to a NOR gate be in order to produce a logic 1 output?
All inputs must be low.

What is the output Boolean expression for an AND gate with A and B as inputs when the B input is inverted?
A B(not)

What is the equivalent logic gate of a twoinput NAND gate with both inputs inverted?
OR gate.

Boolean algebra is based on the assumption that most quantities have _______ conditions.
Two.

Boolean algebra is used primarily by _______ to simplify circuits.
Design engineers.

