Pearson NCLEX PN Review #1

Card Set Information

Author:
harstanner
ID:
165484
Filename:
Pearson NCLEX PN Review #1
Updated:
2012-08-09 18:21:23
Tags:
Pearson NCLEX PN Review
Folders:

Description:
Pearson NCLEX PN Review #1
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user harstanner on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. An indication of latent tetany in which carpal spasm occurs when the upper arm is compressed, as by a tourniquet or a blood pressure cuff
    Trousseau’s Sign
  2. a tan or brown macule on the skin brought on by sun exposure, usually in a middle-aged or older person. It is benign, and no treatment is necessary. However, in some cases it may mimic melanoma and should be biopsied. Compare freckle
    Lentigines
  3. hearing loss associated with aging. It usually involves both a loss of hearing sensitivity and a reduction in the clarity of speech
    Presbycusis
  4. A coronary vasodilator and calcium-channel blocking agent that reduces calcium ions available to heart and smooth muscle, used in the treatment
    nifedipine (Procardia)
  5. disease is a disorder involving disrupted functioning of the part of the adrenal gland called the cortex. This results in decreased production of two important chemicals (hormones) normally released by the adrenal cortex: cortisol
    Addison’s Disease
  6. an inhibitor of the release of histamine and other mediators of immediate hypersensitivity from mast cells; used as the sodium salt for prophylaxis and treatment of allergic rhinitis, bronchial asthma associated with allergy, and allergen-induced inflammation of the conjunctiva or cornea, and for treatment of mastocytosis
    omphalocele - protrusion, at birth, of part of the intestine through a defect in the abdominal wall at the umbilicus or congenital herniation of viscera into the base of the umbilical cord. Also called exomphalos
    Vitrectomy - is the surgical removal of the vitreous (transparent gel that fills the eye from the iris to the retina).    Laennec’s cirrhosis - in which normal liver lobules are replaced by small regeneration nodules, sometimes containing fat, separated by fibrous tissue strands. Also called portal cirrhosis.  hemianopsia - Loss of vision in one half of the visual field of one or both eyes.
    Ataxia - failure of muscular coordination; irregularity of muscular action
    Raynaud’s - disease refers to a disorder in which the fingers or toes (digits) suddenly experience decreased blood circulation. It is characterized by repeated episodes of color changes of the skin of digits on cold exposure or emotional stress
    marasmus - form of protein-energy malnutrition predominantly due to prolonged severe caloric deficit, chiefly occurring in the first year of life, with growth retardation and wasting of subcutaneous fat and muscle
    psychomotor abilities -
    Glaucoma - is a group of eye diseases characterized by damage to the optic nerve usually due to excessively high intraocular pressure (IOP).This increased pressure within the eye, if untreated can lead to optic nerve damage resulting in progressive, permanent vision loss, starting with unnoticeable blind spots at the edges of the field of vision, progressing to tunnel vision, and then to blindness  Cataracts - an opacity of the crystalline lens of the eye or its capsule. Macular degeneration - is the progressive deterioration of a critical region of the retina called the macula. The macula is a 3-5 mm area in the retina that is responsible for central vision. This disorder leads to irreversible loss of central vision, although peripheral vision is retained. In the early stages, vision may be gray, hazy, or distorted.  atherosclerosis - is the build up of a waxy plaque on the inside of blood vessels, is a general term for hardening of the arteries
    psyllium seed husk -
    neural tube defects - a developmental anomaly of failure of closure of the neural tube, resulting in conditions such as anencephaly or spina bifida
    anencephaly - Congenital absence of most of the brain and spinal cord
    Spina Bifida - is a serious birth abnormality in which the spinal cord is malformed and lacks its usual protective skeletal and soft tissue coverings triceps skin fold measurement -
    Nonmaleficence - a principle of bioethics that asserts an obligation not to inflict harm intentionally. It is useful in dealing with difficult issues surrounding the terminally or seriously ill and injured  Veracity - legal principle that states that a health professional should be honest and give full disclosure to the patient, abstain from misrepresentation or deceit, and report known lapses of the standards of care to the proper agencies.
    Beneficence - the doing of active goodness, kindness, or charity, including all actions intended to benefit others, refers to a moral obligation to act for the benefit of others
    Fidelity -  1.  Faithfulness to obligations, duties, or observances.  2. Exact correspondence with fact or with a given quality, condition, or event; accuracy.  3. The degree to which an electronic system accurately reproduces the sound or image of its input signal.
    Electrocardiogram - a tracing of the electric currents that initiate the heartbeat, used to diagnose possible heart disorders Abbreviation ECG
    Hepatitis A - An infection of the liver that is caused by an RNA virus, is transmitted by ingestion of infected food and water, and has a shorter incubation and generally milder symptoms than hepatitis B. Also called infectious hepatitis.
    Impetigo - A contagious bacterial skin infection, usually of children, that is characterized by the eruption of superficial pustules and the formation of thick yellow crusts, commonly on the face second degree heart block -
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
    Cromolyn (intal)
  7. protrusion, at birth, of part of the intestine through a defect in the abdominal wall at the umbilicus or congenital herniation of viscera into the base of the umbilical cord. Also called exomphalos
    omphalocele
  8. is the surgical removal of the vitreous (transparent gel that fills the eye from the iris to the retina).
    Vitrectomy
  9. in which normal liver lobules are replaced by small regeneration nodules, sometimes containing fat, separated by fibrous tissue strands. Also called portal cirrhosis
    Laennec’s cirrhosis
  10. Loss of vision in one half of the visual field of one or both eyes
    hemianopsia
  11. failure of muscular coordination; irregularity of muscular action
    Ataxia
  12. disease refers to a disorder in which the fingers or toes (digits) suddenly experience decreased blood circulation. It is characterized by repeated episodes of color changes of the skin of digits on cold exposure or emotional stress
    marasmus - form of protein-energy malnutrition predominantly due to prolonged severe caloric deficit, chiefly occurring in the first year of life, with growth retardation and wasting of subcutaneous fat and muscle
    psychomotor abilities -
    Glaucoma - is a group of eye diseases characterized by damage to the optic nerve usually due to excessively high intraocular pressure (IOP).This increased pressure within the eye, if untreated can lead to optic nerve damage resulting in progressive, permanent vision loss, starting with unnoticeable blind spots at the edges of the field of vision, progressing to tunnel vision, and then to blindness  Cataracts - an opacity of the crystalline lens of the eye or its capsule. Macular degeneration - is the progressive deterioration of a critical region of the retina called the macula. The macula is a 3-5 mm area in the retina that is responsible for central vision. This disorder leads to irreversible loss of central vision, although peripheral vision is retained. In the early stages, vision may be gray, hazy, or distorted.  atherosclerosis - is the build up of a waxy plaque on the inside of blood vessels, is a general term for hardening of the arteries
    psyllium seed husk -
    neural tube defects - a developmental anomaly of failure of closure of the neural tube, resulting in conditions such as anencephaly or spina bifida
    anencephaly - Congenital absence of most of the brain and spinal cord
    Spina Bifida - is a serious birth abnormality in which the spinal cord is malformed and lacks its usual protective skeletal and soft tissue coverings triceps skin fold measurement -
    Nonmaleficence - a principle of bioethics that asserts an obligation not to inflict harm intentionally. It is useful in dealing with difficult issues surrounding the terminally or seriously ill and injured  Veracity - legal principle that states that a health professional should be honest and give full disclosure to the patient, abstain from misrepresentation or deceit, and report known lapses of the standards of care to the proper agencies.
    Beneficence - the doing of active goodness, kindness, or charity, including all actions intended to benefit others, refers to a moral obligation to act for the benefit of others
    Fidelity -  1.  Faithfulness to obligations, duties, or observances.  2. Exact correspondence with fact or with a given quality, condition, or event; accuracy.  3. The degree to which an electronic system accurately reproduces the sound or image of its input signal.
    Electrocardiogram - a tracing of the electric currents that initiate the heartbeat, used to diagnose possible heart disorders Abbreviation ECG
    Hepatitis A - An infection of the liver that is caused by an RNA virus, is transmitted by ingestion of infected food and water, and has a shorter incubation and generally milder symptoms than hepatitis B. Also called infectious hepatitis.
    Impetigo - A contagious bacterial skin infection, usually of children, that is characterized by the eruption of superficial pustules and the formation of thick yellow crusts, commonly on the face second degree heart block -
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
    Raynaud’s
  13. form of protein-energy malnutrition predominantly due to prolonged severe caloric deficit, chiefly occurring in the first year of life, with growth retardation and wasting of subcutaneous fat and muscle
    marasmus
  14. is a group of eye diseases characterized by damage to the optic nerve usually due to excessively high intraocular pressure (IOP).This increased pressure within the eye, if untreated can lead to optic nerve damage resulting in progressive, permanent vision loss, starting with unnoticeable blind spots at the edges of the field of vision, progressing to tunnel vision, and then to blindness
    Glaucoma
  15. an opacity of the crystalline lens of the eye or its capsule
    Cataracts
  16. is the progressive deterioration of a critical region of the retina called the macula. The macula is a 3-5 mm area in the retina that is responsible for central vision. This disorder leads to irreversible loss of central vision, although peripheral vision is retained. In the early stages, vision may be gray, hazy, or distorted.
    Macular degeneration
  17. is the build up of a waxy plaque on the inside of blood vessels, is a general term for hardening of the arteries
    atherosclerosis
  18. a developmental anomaly of failure of closure of the neural tube, resulting in conditions such as anencephaly or spina bifida
    neural tube defects
  19. Congenital absence of most of the brain and spinal cord
    anencephaly
  20. is a serious birth abnormality in which the spinal cord is malformed and lacks its usual protective skeletal and soft tissue coverings
    Spina Bifida
  21. a principle of bioethics that asserts an obligation not to inflict harm intentionally. It is useful in dealing with difficult issues surrounding the terminally or seriously ill and injured
    Nonmaleficence
  22. legal principle that states that a health professional should be honest and give full disclosure to the patient, abstain from misrepresentation or deceit, and report known lapses of the standards of care to the proper agencies.
    Veracity
  23. the doing of active goodness, kindness, or charity, including all actions intended to benefit others, refers to a moral obligation to act for the benefit of others
    Beneficence
  24. 1. Faithfulness to obligations, duties, or observances.

    2. Exact correspondence with fact or with a given quality, condition, or event; accuracy.
    3. The degree to which an electronic system accurately reproduces the sound or image of its input signal
    Fidelity
  25. a tracing of the electric currents that initiate the heartbeat, used to diagnose possible heart disorders Abbreviation ECG
    Electrocardiogram
  26. An infection of the liver that is caused by an RNA virus, is transmitted by ingestion of infected food and water, and has a shorter incubation and generally milder symptoms than hepatitis B. Also called infectious hepatitis.
    Hepatitis A
  27. A contagious bacterial skin infection, usually of children, that is characterized by the eruption of superficial pustules and the formation of thick yellow crusts, commonly on the face
    Impetigo

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview