Bio Final.txt

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dmk5154
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165509
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Bio Final.txt
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2012-08-09 21:42:05
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biol 110 final
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biol 110 final summer 2012
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  1. Which of the following features is not a characteristic of arthropods? Segmentation, a chitinous exoskeleton, modified appendages, a hydrostatic skeleton
    a hydrostatic skeleton
  2. Insects belong to the _______________ arthropod subgroup.
    uniramians
  3. The coelom forms from foldings of the archenteron is a _______________ character.
    deuterostome
  4. The ______________ are classified with the bilateria because they are bilaterally symmetrical during early development.
    echinoderms
  5. The different modes of ___________ development distinguish echinoderms from arthropods.
    embryonic
  6. Echinodermata are most closel related to ___________.
    vertebrates
  7. _______________ have the greatest diversity of animal species.
    Arthropoda
  8. Which of the following is not a characteristic of most members of uniramians? compound eyes, jaw-like mandibles, one pair of sensory antennae, branched appendages
    branched appendages
  9. ____________ and _____________ are classified as both bilateria and deutrostome.
    Echinodermata, Chordata
  10. If you discover an animal that has two major body segments and a pair of feeding appendages that look like chelicerae, it could be a _______________.
    spider
  11. A body cavity with muscle on one side only can be one of the consequences of the ____________________ body plan.
    pseudocoelomate
  12. Walking around barefoot could increase the risk of catching what parasitic infection?
    hookworm infection
  13. CLM is caused by hookworms devouring _______________.
    intestines
  14. _____________ and __________________ both have a body cavity lined with tissue derived from the mesoderm.
    Protostomes, deuterostomes
  15. The nautilus, with its head surrounded by tentacles, is a member of the Class ______________.
    Cephalopoda
  16. Bivalves lack a _________ which is a common mollusk feature.
    radula
  17. ___________ and _____________ both have a body cavity.
    Leeches and roundworms
  18. A terrestrial mollusk without a shells belongs to Class _______________.
    Gastropoda
  19. True or False: Earthworms have specialization among the segments.
    False
  20. Roundworms are part of the phylum _____________.
    Nematoda
  21. A sponge's ingestive form of ___________ is evidence supporting the idea that a spong is actually an animal.
    nutrition
  22. A lack of coordination among ____ in a spong is evidence supporting the colonial character of sponges.
    cells
  23. True of False: Cnidarians have muscle tissue derived from the mesoderm.
    False
  24. The ___________ of a jellyfish can sting you.
    nematocyst
  25. Between the zygote and developing and polyp stages, Obelia exists as a ______.
    planula
  26. Bilateria are further adapted for detecting __________ than the radiata because they are triploblastic.
    movement
  27. If a bilaterally symmetrical organism swims past you, the last thing you see is its ____________.
    posterior
  28. All platyhelminthes lack a _________.
    coelom
  29. When the snail-eating cichlid fish of Lake Malawi declined in number, scientists expected to see an ______ in the incidence of schistomiasis.
    increase
  30. ___________ and ______________ both have a gut with a single opening.
    Cnidarians and flatworms
  31. __________ are the cells in a sponge that are used to trap food particles from circulating water.
    Choanocytes
  32. In order to reduce the incidence of schistosomiasis in a human population, scientists could reduce the freshwater _______ population.
    snail
  33. The sea anemone ________ is nonexistent.
    brain
  34. According to Wang, Kumar, & Hedges, animals evolved _________ million years ago.
    1200
  35. Scienctists were able to estimate when animals evolved by examining _______ rates from the kingdom Animalia.
    DNA mutation rates
  36. Based on the phylogenetic tree, did flatworms or roundworms originate first?
    flatworms
  37. Radially symmetrical organisms (starfish) are placed in bilateria because they possess three distinct tissue layers during ____________ development.
    embryonic
  38. True or False: If an unkown organism exudes a fluid when you make a cut in its side you can conclude that it is not an acoelomate.
    True
  39. True or False: Only "true" coelomates can move their intestinal tracts independently of their outer walls.
    True
  40. An organism with three embryonic tissue types belongs to the __________.
    bilateria
  41. Human beings and rottweiler dogs have what type of development? determinate or indeterminate
    indeterminate
  42. Protostomes and deutrostomes both have a ___________ lined completely with mesoderm-derived tissue.
    body cavity
  43. True or False: A fluid-filled body cavity cannot serve as a storage compartment for food.
    True
  44. True or False: Organisims with radial symmetry would likely not exhibit much motility.
    True
  45. ____________ nutrition is not considered characteristic of Kingdom Animalia.
    autotrophic
  46. Multicellular animals that lack true tissues belong to the ____________.
    parazoa
  47. The production of large numbers of easily dispersed spores in _________ and ___________ modes of reproduction allows fungi to be successful decomposers, pathogens, and symbionts.
    sexual, asexual
  48. An _________ can produce asexual conidia in the haploid state making meiosis recombination nonessential for survival.
    ascomycete
  49. True or False: Some basidiomycetes produce microscopic basidiocarps that don't resemble gilled mushrooms.
    True
  50. The formation of a dikaryon is a life cycle feature shared by __________________ and _______________.
    ascomycetes and basidiomycetes
  51. What phylum of fungi can turn grape juice into wine via yeast fermentation?
    Ascomycota
  52. True or False: Basidiomycetes are not autotrophs.
    True
  53. The phylum Basidiomycota is distinguished from the phylum Ascomycota because ___________ produce their sexual spores in sacks of 4-8.
    ascomycetes
  54. Fungi secrete digestive enzymes to break down their food outside of their cells and absorb the digested products. This is called _________ nutrition.
    Absorptive
  55. An ascus contains ____ ascospores (as opposed to 4) after meiosis because the four haploid ascospores undergo an additional round of mitosis after meiosis is complete.
    8
  56. The pharyngeal slits of fish are modified for ________ exchange.
    gas
  57. True or False: Chordates have backbones.
    False
  58. ________ describes when mature adults retain characterisitcs that were larval in their ancestors.
    paedomorphosis
  59. A __________ is an exclusively chordate characteristic that adult fish retain.
    postanal tail
  60. The vetebral column forms the axial _____________.
    endoskeleton
  61. True or False: Adult cephalochordates retain pharyngeal slits, a postanal tail and a notochord, and a dorsal hollow nerve cord.
    True
  62. Vertebrate features (a backbone, and a closed circulatory system) are suited for _______.
    locomotion
  63. The evolution of jaws from existing endoskeletal pharyngeal elements is an example of _______.
    exaptation
  64. Tetrapod refers to an animal's __________.
    limbs
  65. True or False: Humans are placental.
    True
  66. True or False: Name the order the basic vertebrate features (5) developed.
    vertebrae, jaws, legs, amniotic egg, hair
  67. The fins of a fish and the legs of a dog are _________.
    homologous
  68. True or False: Fungi have a filamentous body, fungal hyphae may be portioned by septa, but the cytoplasm can move through these partitions, and haustoria are able to penetrate host cells. These are all adaptations to help fungi feed by absorption.
    True
  69. Karyogamy results in a fungal individual that is __________.
    diploid
  70. In a lichen, a fungus can live symbiotically with a _________.
    green alga
  71. Plasmogamy refers to the fusion of ____________.
    plasma membranes
  72. If you find an organism that has hyphal cells and spores are produced at the ends of the hyphae in groups of eight you can conluce that the organism belongs to the _________.
    Ascomycota
  73. The presence of a chitinous cell wall, hyphae, and feeding by absorption are all traits of the Kingdon ________.
    fungi
  74. The protists in the group choanoflagellates are most similar in the structure to a type of cell, _______, found in sponges.
    choanocytes
  75. Endodermal tissue becomes the lining of the ___________________ in a fully developed animal.
    digestive tract
  76. You are studying the development of an animal and you find that the future mouth forms first, from the blastopore. This animal is a _________.
    protostome
  77. The platyhelminth Schistosoma is characterized by a life cycle with multiple ______.
    hosts
  78. True or False: A digestive tract with both a mouth and an anus is not seen in the platyhelminths.
    True
  79. Most diploblastic animals are radially ____________.
    symmetrical
  80. Gastrulation is remarkable because it is the stage when the first ________ forms.
    cavity
  81. Members of the bilateria are all _______________.
    triploblastic
  82. True or False: Protostome development is not a feature of the phylum Chordata.
    True
  83. Protosome animals have ____________ cleavage and ______________ cells, while deuterstomes have ___________ cleavage and ________ cells.
    spiral, determinate, radial, indeterminate
  84. True or False: Jellyfish are not members of the Bilateria.
    True
  85. True or False: A spider is not a a mollusk.
    True
  86. The animal phyla __________ has the greatest species diversity.
    Arthropoda

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