N56_Toxins & Antidote

Card Set Information

Author:
dw_ccsf
ID:
165520
Filename:
N56_Toxins & Antidote
Updated:
2012-08-10 01:03:18
Tags:
antidotes toxins
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Description:
Antidotes for common toxins
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  1. Toxin:  acetaminophen
    Antidote: N-acetylcysteine
  2. Toxin:  aspirin
    Antidote:  Activated Charcoal
  3. Toxin:  antidepressants
    Antidote: Bicarbonate
  4. Toxin:  arsenic, mercury 
    Antidote: Dimercaprol ( BAL )
  5. Toxin:  benzodiazpine
    Antidote: Flumazenil
  6. Toxin:  beta blockers
    Antidote: Glucagons
  7. Toxin:  calcium channel blockers
    Antidote: calcium chloride, glucagon
  8. Toxin:  cyanide 
    Antidote: Lilly cyanide kit
  9. Toxin:  digoxin  
    Antidote: Digoxin FAB, Mg
  10. Toxin: ethylene glycol  
    Antidote: fomepizole
  11. Toxin: heparin
    Antidote: Protamine sulfate
  12. Toxin: iron     
    Antidote: deferoxamine
  13. Toxin: lead 
    Antidote: EDTA, succimer
  14. Toxin: methanol 
    Antidote: fomepizole
  15. Toxin: methemoglobin
    Antidote: methyline blue
  16. Toxin: narcotics
     Antidote: nalozone ( narcan )
  17. Toxins: 
    organophosphates, chemicals, overdose of
    anticholinesterase drugs used to treat myasthenia gravis – confirm diagnosis with edrophonium ( Tensilon )
    • Antidote:
    • atropine ( 1st ) +  pralidoxime chloride ( 2nd )
    •  ( Tx: muscle weakness & respiratory depression)

    • NOT for use in carbamate poisoning
    • – increases toxicity of carbamate insecticide ( Sevin );

    not effective due to poisoning by phosphorus, inorganic phosphates or organophosphates without anticholinesterase activity
  18. Toxin: potassium
    • Antidote: 
    • * calcium chloride or calcium
    • * gluconate
    • * sodium bicarbonate
    • * insulin with Dextrose/Water
    • * Kayexalate orally or by enema
    • * stop potassium-containing meds & foods.

    • Caution in digitalized patient: too rapid removal may
    • result in digitalis toxicity
  19. Toxin: warfarin
    Antidote: vitamin K, FFP

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