decreases the angle between the dorsum of the foot and the leg, so that the toes are brought closer to the shin.
What is PLANTAR FLEXION?
is the movement which increases the approximate 90 degree angle between the front part of the foot and the shin. Tippy Toes
What is ABDUCTION?
motion that moves away from the centerline of the body
What is Adduction?
movement which brings a part of the anatomy closer to the middle sagittal plane of the body.
What is CIRCUMDUCTION?
circular movement of a limb or eye
What is MEDIAL ROTATION?
is rotation towards the center of the body
What is LATERAL ROTATION?
rotation away from the center of the body
What is SUPINATION?
rotation of the hands and forearms so that the palms face upward
What is PRONATION?
rotation of the hands and forearms so that the palms face downward
What is INVERSION?
movement of the sole towards the median plane (as when an ankle is twisted).
What is EVERSION?
the movement of the sole of the foot away from the median plane.
What is PROTRACTION?
Anterior movement of the arms at the shoulders
What is RETRACTION?
Posterior movement of the arms at the shoulders.
What is ELEVATION?
Movement in a superior direction. The upper muscle fibers of the trapezius aid in elevating the apex of the shoulder
What is DEPRESSION?
Movement in an inferior direction, the opposite of elevation. Opposite to the upper fibers, the lower half of the trapezius aids in depressing the apex of the shoulder.
What is a INTERVERTEBRAL JOINT?
are secondary cartilaginous joints (symphysis) which are designed for strength and weight bearing. Bend the spine
What is a VERTEBROCOSTAL JOINT?
A synovial, gliding joint between a vertebra and rib
What is a STERNOCOSTAL JOINT?
The 1st to 7th ribs articulate via their costal cartilages with the lateral borders of the sternum
What are STERNOCLAVICULAR JOINTs?
allows movement of the clavicle in three planes, predominantly in the anteroposterior & vertical planes, although some rotation also occurs
What is the ACROMIOCLAVICULAR JOINT?
joint at the top of the shoulder. It is the junction between the acromion (part of the scapula that forms the highest point of the shoulder) and the clavicle
What is the GLENO-HUMERAL JOINT?
or shoulder joint, is a multiaxial synovial ball and socket joint and involves articulation between the glenoid fossa of the scapula (shoulder blade) and the head of the humerus The human shoulder is the most moving joint in the body.