Specialty and Specialist

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Author:
kp16
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165628
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Specialty and Specialist
Updated:
2012-08-10 23:46:04
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specialty specialist definitions
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Description:
Medical Terminology: The Language of Health Care
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  1. allergy and immunology

    allergist/immunologist
    diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of allergic diseases, including asthma, and diagnosis, management, and therapy of imunologic diseases (autoimmune disorders)
  2. anesthesiology

    anesthesiologist
    comprehensive medical management and anesthetic care before, during, and after surgery and long-term pain management and critical care related to cardiac and respiratory emergencies.
  3. colon and rectal surgery

    colon and rectal surgeon
    diagnosis, medical care, and surgical treatment of conditions related to the small intestine, colon, and rectum.
  4. dermatology

    dermatologist
    medical and surgical treatment of disorders of the skin and its appendages, (hair, nails, cosmetic care)
  5. emergency medicine

    emergency physician
    prehospital emergency medical care of acutely ill or injured patients; most commonly rendered in an emergency department of a hospital or a free-standing urgent care facility
  6. family practice

    family physician
    comprehensive general medical care of individuals of all ages and their families, with emphasis on disease preventation and health promotion
  7. internal medicine

    internist
    nonsurgical care centered around preventation, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases of adults

    subspecialities:

    cardiology (cardiologist) - diagnosis and management of conditions related to the heart and blood vessels

    endocrinology (endocrinologist) - disgnosis and management of diseases of the endocrine glands.
  8. gastroenterology

    gastroenterologist
    diagnosis and managemetn of conditions related to the digestive system
  9. geriatric medicine

    geriatrician
    diagnosis and medical management of conditions affecting the elderly; also subspecialty of family practice
  10. hematology

    hematologist
    diagnosis and treatment of blood disorders
  11. nephrology

    nephrologist
    nonsurgical treatment of kidney disorders
  12. oncology

    oncologist
    treatment of tumors and cancer
  13. rhematology

    rheumatologist
    treatment of arthritis and related disorders
  14. medical genetics

    geneticist
    diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of genetic disorders (includes research, lab testing, and counseling)
  15. neurology

    neurologist
    nonsurgical treatment of diseases of the nervous system
  16. neurological surgery

    neruosurgeon
    surgical and nonsurgical treatment of diseases of the nervous system and supportive structures, including blood vessels
  17. nuclear medicine

    nuclear medicine physician
    use of radioactive substances to diagnose and treat disease; dual degree is common with fields like radiology, internal med, neurology, cardiology
  18. obstetrics and gynecology (OB/GYN)

    obstetrics

    obstetrician
    care and treatment of mother and fetus throughout pregnancy, childbirth, and immediate postpartum period
  19. OB/GYN
    gynecology

    gynecologist
    medical and surgical treatment of disorders of the female reproductive and urinary system
  20. ophthalmology

    ophthalmologist
    medical and surgical treatment of eye, (vision care and services)
  21. orthopedic surgery

    orthopedic surgeon
    orthopedist (orthopaedist)
    medical, surgical, and rehabilitative treatment of disorders of the musculoskeletal system, inlcuding bones, joints, muscles, ligaments, tendons, and nerves

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