Renaissance Art

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    • Lorenzo Ghiberti
    • (Italian, ca. 1378–1455)

    • The North Baptistery Doors
    • 1403-1424
    • 28 Panels of the New Testament
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    • Lorenzo Ghiberti
    • (Italian, ca. 1378–1455)

    • The Eastern Baptistery Doors
    • 1425-1452
    • “The Gates of Paradise”

    10 Panels of the Old Testament
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    • Lorenzo Ghiberti
    • (Italian, ca. 1378–1455)

    • Baptistery of San Giovanni, Florence
    • Relief from the Doors of Paradise,
    • 1425–52

    Solomon and the Queen of Sheba
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    • Lorenzo Ghiberti
    • (Italian, ca. 1378–1455)

    • Doors of Paradise are over 16 feet
    • tall, and each door weighs one and a third tons. The panels are of bronze
    • electroplated with a nickel base on which gold was applied in a chemical
    • process. A yearly cleaning with mild soap and water, is followed by an application
    • of mixed turpentine and beeswax.
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    • Donatello
    • (Italian, 1386-1466)

    • Saint George
    • ca. 1417

    • Ghiberti techniques made full size
    • "Dragon Slayer"
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    • Donatello
    • (Italian, 1386-1466)

    • Gattamelata
    • 1444-53
    • Padua

    • 1st full size bronze horse & rider statue ever created
    • 1 foot up- died of battle wounds
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    Fra Angelico

    • The Annunciation 1446-1449
    • San Marco, Florence

    Angel tells Mary she will give birth to Jesus
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    Fra Angelico

    The Annuciation

    • flat halo
    • became better at folds in cloth/fabric
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    Fra Angelico

    The Annunciatory Angel

    • flat halo
    • became better at folds of cloth/fabric
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    Fra Angelico

    An Illuminated page
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    • Fra Filippo Lippi
    • 1452

    • Virgin with the Child and Scenes from
    • the Life of St Anne

    • floor slopes down to right
    • staircase is curved
    • floor curves with the staircase
    • light is not shown in lighted areas
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    • Fra Filippo Lippi
    • 1465

    Madonna with the Child & 2 Angels

    • Madonna means Mary
    • painting is very European
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    • Giovanni Bellini
    • (Italian, c. 1430-1516)

    • Christ's Blessing
    • 1460

    • Jesus had a strong upper body
    • Jesus' hole in his shirt is from when he was speared
    • holes in wrists from nails
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    • Giovanni Bellini
    • (Italian, c. 1430-1516)

    • Madonna with Saints
    • 1505
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    • Sandro
    • Botticelli
    • 1444/45-1510

    The Birth of Venus, c. 1485-86

    • Zephyr - male winds
    • Zora - gentle spring winds
    • winds usher Venus into world
    • Botticelli struggled with shoulders
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    • Sandro
    • Botticelli
    • 1444/45-1510

    The Adoration of the Magi, 1470-75
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    • Sandro Botticelli
    • 1444/45-1510

    • His
    • portrait in the painting
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    • Sandro Botticelli
    • 1444/45-1510

    Mars & Venus, 1485
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    • Sandro Botticelli
    • 1444/45-1510

    Allegory of Spring 1477-78

    • should be read from right to left
    • Zephyr chasing nymph
    • plants around Zephyr are frozen
    • Venus is in the center
    • Cupid is flying above
    • Apollo (messenger) is on left side
    • translucent fabric on nymph
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    LEONARDO DA VINCI

    MONA LISA 1503-1506

    • Miss Lisa - married woman
    • painting took 5 years
    • honestly looks like a regular picture
    • brushstrokes only visible under microscope
    • no eyebrows
    • appears to be looking at you
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    LEONARDO DA VINCI

    • THE LAST
    • SUPPER
    • 1495-1498 in Milan

    • only an experimentation with paint - failure
    • everyone's sitting behind the table
    • the table is U-shaped
    • Jesus had 1st seat of the U, then John, then Judas
    • Peter sat across from Jesus
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    LEONARDO DA VINCI

    Self-Portrait 1512
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    LEONARDO DA VINCI

    • The Proportions of
    • the Human Figure
    • (Vitruvian Man) 1490
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    LEONARDO DA VINCI

    • Drawing of a Flying Machine
    • c.1486

    • wrote backwards
    • scientist & inventor
    • true Renaissance man
    • designed 1st car
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    LEONARDO DA VINCI

    • Battle Cart with Mobile Scythes
    • c. 1485

    • wrote backwards
    • scientist & inventor
    • true Renaissance man
    • designed 1st car
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    Michelangelo

    Pietà 1499

    • stays behind bulletproof glass
    • Madonna looked the age she was when she got then news that she was going to give birth to Jesus
    • Michelangelo wanted credit - carved his name in the sash, instantly felt sorrow and like he ruined the sculpture
    • never took credit for one of his sculptures ever again
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    Michelangelo

    • STATUE OF DAVID
    • 1504

    • David is about to face Goliath - has sling
    • right hand is oversized - originally meant to be looked up upon rather than at eye level
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    Michelangelo

    • SISTINE
    • CHAPEL
    • 1508-1512

    • Michelangelo thought of himself as a horrible painter - believed he was a gifted sculptor
    • Pope forced him to paint ceiling for him, although he wanted to sculpt the tomb
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    Michelangelo

    • The Last Judgment
    • 1534 -1541

    • commissioned by Pope Clement VII
    • & Paul II
    • everyone was naked - very controversial
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    Raphael

    1483-1520

    • Spozalizio
    • (The Engagement of Virgin
    • Mary)
    • 1504
    • Perspective
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    Raphael

    • THE
    • SCHOOL OF ATHENS
    • 1510-1511
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    Raphael

    • The Sistine Madonna
    • 1513-14

    background includes faces of the dead Saints
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    Raphael

    The Liberation of St Peter 1514

    Peter is being led out
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    • Jan van Eyck
    • 1434

    Arnolfini Wedding Portrait

    • in bedroom - private
    • dog - represents loyalty
    • van Eyck was bad at hands
    • wife is not really pregnant - just pulling up skirt
    • signature on the back wall
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    • Jan van Eyck
    • active by 1422, died 1441

    • The Crucifixion; The Last Judgment
    • ca. 1430

    • two pieces
    • sits on an altar
    • extremely detailed
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    Hubert Van Eyck, 1420s

    The Three Marys at the Tomb

    detailed Russian castles in the back
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    • Albrecht Dürer
    • (1471-1528)

    • THE FOUR HORSEMEN OF THE
    • APOCALYPSE
    • 1498

    Woodblock

    • Revelation - end of times
    • 4 horseman represents certain things
    • special signature seen often Image Upload 38
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    Albrecht Dürer

    • Self-Portrait at 26
    • 1498

    • painted many self portraits
    • fabulous hand painter
    • signature
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    Albrecht Dürer

    • Portrait of Erasmus
    • 1520
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    Albrecht Dürer

    • Wing of a Roller
    • 1512
    • Watercolor
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    Albrecht Dürer

    Self Portrait at 28 - 1500

    Christ-like portrait
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    Peter Paul Rubens

    • Landscape with a Rainbow
    • c. 1638

    • used vibrant colors
    • portrayed classical/Renaissance themes
    • painting of scene after rainstorm
    • life is returning
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    Peter Paul Rubens

    The Battle of the Amazon 1619

    blurred marks show action
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    Peter Paul Rubens

    • Old Woman with a Basket of Coal
    • 1618-20

    • looks like a photo
    • living in cave
    • only heat from basket of coal
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    Pieter Bruegel

    • The Tower of Babel
    • 1563

    • tower attempted to reach God
    • God was upset - destroyed the tower, gave each different languages, and spread them all over the world
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    Pieter Bruegel

    The Triumph of Death 1562

    • burning - the world is on fire
    • death is coming to the Earth
    • there is light in the horizon
    • animals are very skinny
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    Pieter Bruegel

    Children's Games 1559-60

    children are in all states of play
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    Titian

    • Bacchus and Ariadne
    • 1520-22

    • Titian is from Venice
    • Classical style/portraits
    • painting expresses mythology
    • dog - loyalty
    • Bacchus - god of wine/pleasures
    • stars - shaped like a halo - divinity
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    Titian

    • The Flaying of Marsyas
    • 1576

    • flay - to skin someone
    • flaying faun
    • faun was a talented musician
    • challenged gods with his talent
    • Apollo is playing the violin
    • dog is lapping up the blood
    • left - shows mythology
    • right - shows Titian as a child holding on to a larger dog
    • old man - Titian's face
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    • Sofonisba Anguissola
    • ca. 1530- 1625

    • The Chess Game
    • 1555
    • Lucia, Minerva and Europa Anguissola

    • only female artist
    • started with portraits only
    • chess game - sisters are playing chess
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    • Sofonisba Anguissola
    • ca. 1530- 1625

    Her portrait of Queen Elisabeth of Valois with a "flea-fur“ (the pelt of a marten worn to attract the fleas that might in its absence have attacked the person wearing it), was the most widely copied portrait in Spain.
Author
ID
16563
Card Set
Renaissance Art
Description
Art History Test - 4.28.10
Updated
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