A&P II Finals
Card Set Information
A&P II Finals
endocrine system, digestive system, and respiratory system
endocrine main function
regulate body function by producing hormones
Pituitary gland other name
master gland aka HYPOPHYSIS
Two parts of pituitary gland
Andenohypophysis- anterior lobe
Neurohypophysis- posterior lobe
What does the HYPOTHALMUS do?
controlls the pituitatry gland
Anterior pituitary gland produces how many hormones and waht are they?
produces 3: Growth, TSH- thyroid stimulating hormone, and Adrenocorticotopic hormone
To whom is the Growth Hormone most important to?
TSH produces which hormone?
Adrenocorticotopic Hormone produces?
cortisol, aldosterone & sex steriods
4 1/2 in. long 1 in. in dia
Productive cough is?
effective in bringing up sputum
Inner layer of the pluera is?
Two cone shaped spongy organs consisting of alveoli, elastic tissue and nerves.
Lowest part of lung?
Pharynx is divided into how many sections?
Another name for the pharynx?
Pharynx sections in order?
nasopharynx(pharyngeal tonsils or aldenoids)
small flap of cartilage that covers the opening of the larynx so that food cannot enter the larynx
The lungs consist of smaller divisions what are they called?
How many lobes does the right lung have?
How many lobes does the left lung have?
Name the parts of the lungs and thier locations?
Apex- upper most part of lung
Base- lowest part of lung
Hilum- midline region of lung where blood tubes enter & exits.
muscular partition that aids in the process of breathing
abnormal slow breathing 12RPM
air hunger resulting in labor or difficulty breathing sometimes occupied by pain
abnormal rapid breathing 40 RPM
deep rapid breathing
Process of listening for sounds within the body?
functional unit of lungs (air sacs)
Which structure houses the vocal chords?
Smaller tubes in the lungs?
how many rings make up the trachea?
Outer portion of pluera?
process of examing by application of the hands and fingers to the external surface of the body to detect diseases and abnormalities
Inflammation of voicebox?
Rough elevations on tongue which contains taste buds?
Part of the colon begins at the ileocecal sphincter, and curves upward?
Painful inflamed intestines caused by bacterial infection?
Second part of large intestine
Gas expelled from the stomach through the mouth?
Solids and fluids return to the mouth from the stomach?
GERD- gastroesophagal reflux disease
Middle portion of stomach
regulates the passage of food from stomach into duodenum
prevents the waste of backflow of waste from the large intestine into the small intestine
gland secretes most of the saliva produced each day
Large intestine is approx?
5 feet long
Middle portion of the small intestine is the?
Largest organ in the body?
The 3 parts of salivary glands are the sublinguals, submandibulars and ?
Gallbladder's main function?
increase the absorption of fatty acids and cholestrol
Not a function of the liver?
Chewing is also known as
Swallowing also known as
small like mass of food that has been chewed and enters the stomach
First part of the small intestine?
The jejunum is how long?
8 feet long
How long does it take for food to pass through the small intestine?
3 to 10 hrs