A&P II Finals

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hotmami4girls
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165757
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A&P II Finals
Updated:
2012-08-13 07:42:00
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II Finals
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endocrine system, digestive system, and respiratory system
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  1. endocrine main function
    regulate body function by producing hormones
  2. Pituitary gland other name
    master gland aka HYPOPHYSIS
  3. Two parts of pituitary gland
    • Andenohypophysis- anterior lobe
    • Neurohypophysis- posterior lobe
  4. What does the HYPOTHALMUS do?
    controlls the pituitatry gland
  5. Anterior pituitary gland produces how many hormones and waht are they?
    produces 3: Growth, TSH- thyroid stimulating hormone, and Adrenocorticotopic hormone
  6. To whom is the Growth Hormone most important to?
    Children
  7. TSH produces which hormone?
    thyroxine
  8. Adrenocorticotopic Hormone produces?
    cortisol, aldosterone & sex steriods
  9. trachea
    4 1/2 in. long 1 in. in dia
  10. Productive cough is?
    effective in bringing up sputum
  11. Inner layer of the pluera is?
    Visceral pleura
  12. Two cone shaped spongy organs consisting of alveoli, elastic tissue and nerves.
    Lungs
  13. Lowest part of lung?
    base
  14. Pharynx is divided into how many sections?
    3
  15. Another name for the pharynx?
    throat
  16. Pharynx sections in order?
    • nasopharynx(pharyngeal tonsils or aldenoids)
    • oropharynx(palatine tonsils)
    • laryngopharynx(hypopharynx)
  17. Epiglottis is?
    small flap of cartilage that covers the opening of the larynx so that food cannot enter the larynx
  18. The lungs consist of smaller divisions what are they called?
    lobes
  19. How many lobes does the right lung have?
    3
  20. How many lobes does the left lung have?
    2
  21. Name the parts of the lungs and thier locations?
    • Apex- upper most part of lung
    • Base- lowest part of lung
    • Hilum- midline region of lung where blood tubes enter & exits.
  22. Diaphram is?
    muscular partition that aids in the process of breathing
  23. Apnea
    without breathing
  24. Bradypnea
    abnormal slow breathing 12RPM
  25. Dyspnea
    air hunger resulting in labor or difficulty breathing sometimes occupied by pain
  26. Tachypnea
    abnormal rapid breathing 40 RPM
  27. Hyperpnea
    deep rapid breathing
  28. Process of listening for sounds within the body?
    auscultation
  29. Alveoli
    functional unit of lungs (air sacs)
  30. Which structure houses the vocal chords?
    larynx
  31. Windpipe?
    trachea
  32. Smaller tubes in the lungs?
    bronchioles
  33. how many rings make up the trachea?
    16-20
  34. Outer portion of pluera?
    parietal pluera
  35. Palpatation
    process of examing by application of the hands and fingers to the external surface of the body to detect diseases and abnormalities
  36. Inflammation of voicebox?
    laryngitis
  37. pne/o
    breath
  38. scop/o
    to view
  39. thorac/o
    chest
  40. sinus/o
    nose
  41. nas/o
    nose
  42. pneum/o
    lungs
  43. phren/o
    diaphram
  44. pector/o
    chest
  45. bronch/o
    bronchial lungs
  46. alveol/o
    alveo
  47. Rough elevations on tongue which contains taste buds?
    papillae
  48. Part of the colon begins at the ileocecal sphincter, and curves upward?
    ascending colon
  49. Painful inflamed intestines caused by bacterial infection?
    dysentary
  50. Second part of large intestine
    ascending colon
  51. Gas expelled from the stomach through the mouth?
    eructation
  52. Solids and fluids return to the mouth from the stomach?
    GERD- gastroesophagal reflux disease
  53. Middle portion of stomach
    Body
  54. Cardiac Sphincter
    regulates the passage of food from stomach into duodenum
  55. Ileocecal Sphincter
    prevents the waste of backflow of waste from the large intestine into the small intestine
  56. Submandibulars
    gland secretes most of the saliva produced each day
  57. Large intestine is approx?
    5 feet long
  58. Middle portion of the small intestine is the?
    jejunum
  59. Largest organ in the body?
    liver
  60. The 3 parts of salivary glands are the sublinguals, submandibulars and ?
    parotids
  61. Digestion begins?
    oral cavity
  62. Gallbladder's main function?
    increase the absorption of fatty acids and cholestrol
  63. Not a function of the liver?
    stores calcium
  64. Chewing is also known as
    mastication
  65. Swallowing also known as
    diliagation
  66. Bolus
    small like mass of food that has been chewed and enters the stomach
  67. First part of the small intestine?
    duodenum
  68. The jejunum is how long?
    8 feet long
  69. How long does it take for food to pass through the small intestine?
    3 to 10 hrs

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