EMT-B

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Author:
zantoz
ID:
16584
Filename:
EMT-B
Updated:
2010-04-28 01:56:01
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Quiz
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Quiz 30
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  1. What nerves carry information from the body to the brain threw the spinal cord?
    Sensory nerves
  2. The central nervous system (CNS) includes what?
    Brain and spinal cord
  3. Another word for bruise
    Contusion
  4. Can the brain sustain a contusion?
    Yes
  5. What intercranial bleeding is beneath the dura.
    Subdural hematoma
  6. Brain injuries are not always a result of ___?
    Trauma
  7. Signs and symptoms of head injury
    • Lacerations, contusions, or hematomas to the scalp
    • Soft area or depression upon palpation
    • Visible fractures or deformities of the skull
    • Ecchymosis about the eyes or behind the ear over the mastoid process
    • Clear or pink CSF leakage from the scalp wound, the nose, or the ear
    • Failure of the pupils to respond to light
    • Unequal pupil size
    • Loss of sensation and/or motor function
    • A period of unconsciousness
    • Amnesia
    • Seizures
    • Numbness or tingling in the Extremities
    • Irregular respirations
    • Dizziness
    • Visual complaints
    • Combative or other abnormal behavior
    • Nausea or vomiting
  8. What MOI should you suspect spinal injury?
    • Motor vehicle crashes
    • Pedestrian-motor- vehicle collisions
    • Falls
    • Blunt trauma
    • Penetrating trauma to the head, neck or torso
    • Motorcycle crashes
    • Hangings
    • Diving accidents
    • Recreational accidents
  9. What questions do you ask in your initial assessment in a pt with a head injury
    • 1. What happened?
    • 2. Where does it hurt?
    • 3. Does your neck or back hurt?
    • 4. Can you move your hand ( fingers ) and feet ( toes )?
    • 5. Did you hit your head?
  10. Glascow coma scale
    • Eye Opening Response
    • • Spontaneous--open with blinking at baseline 4 points
    • • To verbal stimuli, command, speech 3 points
    • • To pain only (not applied to face) 2 points
    • • No response 1 point


    • Verbal Response
    • • Oriented 5 points
    • • Confused conversation, but able to answer questions 4 points
    • • Inappropriate words 3 points
    • • Incomprehensible speech 2 points
    • • No response 1 point


    • Motor Response
    • • Obeys commands for movement 6 points
    • • Purposeful movement to painful stimulus 5 points
    • • Withdraws in response to pain 4 points
    • • Flexion in response to pain (decorticate posturing) 3 points
    • • Extension response in response to pain (decerebrate posturing) 2 points
    • • No response 1 point
  11. Do not move the head if the pt complains of what?
    • Muscle spasms of the neck
    • Substantial increased pain
    • Numness, tingling, or weakness in the arms or legs
    • Compromised airway or ventilations

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