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[Addictive behavior, substance abuse, or chemical dependency] is a complex brain disease characterized by compulsive and uncontrollable drug cravings even at the peril of serious negative consequences.
Any substance that alters the user's ability to function.
Intentional and inappropriate in a drug resulting in physical, emotional, financial, intellectual, social, spiritual, or occupational consequences of the abuse.
- Not completely eliminated 30 days or more after an initial dose
- Short term effects: Tachycardia, dryness of the mouth, reddened eyes, stronger appetite, decrease in coordination, and tracking, etc.
More than half of car accident deaths.
Lost all real effect of medication.
Alcohol on Campus
28% of all college dropouts.
Treatment of Addictions
- Professional guidance and support
- Medical care
- Behavior modification
Largest preventable cause of death.
Smoking and Cancer
Most common carcinogenic exposure is in the workplace.
- Average starting age: 10 years old
- Fourfold increase in oral cancer.
Tobacco is the 6th largest cash crop in the U.S.
Why People Smoke
- Peer pressure
- Appear 'grown up'
- Rebellion against aythority
Most important reasons to quit smoking
- Only 20% of smokers why try to quit, quit the 1st time
- Presistence is key
Life After Cigarettes
Risk for heart disease approaches that of a lifetime non-smoker in 10 years, and 15 years for cancer.
Most prevalent in US.
- End stage of the HIV infection.
- 2 most common fatal conditions:
- 1. Pneumocyststis carinii pneumonia - Parasitic infection of the lungs.
- 2. Kaposi's sarcoma - Skin cancer.
Can go 10 years without signs or symptoms.
Which STD's are Treatable
- Chlamydia - antibiotics
- Gonorrhea - penicillin and other antibiotics
- Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) - Antibiotics, abstinence, and bed rest
- Human Papillomavirus(HPV)+Genital Warts(Herpes) - untreatable
- HSV 1 & HSV 2(both cause oral and genital herpes) - untreatable
- Syphilis - untreatable
- HIV&AIDS - untreatable
Chronological vs. Physciological Age
- Physiological age - Functional capacity to perform work at any stage in your life. (Systemic PA allows people to maintain a higher level of fuctional capacity and do not experience the declines typical in later years.)
- Chronological age - actual age
Complimentary and Alternative Medicine (CAM)
- Conventional western medicine: Allopathic meds (Based on scientifically proven methods)
5 Categories of CAM
- Alternative medical systems
- Mind/body interventions
- Biologically based therapies
- Manipulations and boady-based methods
- Energy therapies