NASM CH1

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Author:
tjtolman
ID:
165908
Filename:
NASM CH1
Updated:
2012-08-13 17:04:24
Tags:
NASM
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Description:
NASM CHAPTER ONE
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  1. Deconditioned:
    state of lost physical fitness
  2. proprioception:
    neural input to the central nervous system from mechanoreceptors that sense position and limb movement.
  3. Proprioceptively enriched environment:
    unstable (but controlled) environment where exercises are performed that causes the body to use its internal balance and stabilization mechanisms.
  4. Phase of training:
    smaller divisons of training progressions thta fall within the three builiding blocks.
  5. neuromuscular efficiency:
    The ability of the bodys nerves to effectively send messeges to the bodys muscles
  6. rate of force production:
    how quickly a muscle can generate force
  7. Phase 1:
    • stabilization endurance training:
    • goals- improve muscular endurance, enhance joint stability, increase flexibilty
    • training- corrective flexibility, low loads, high reps, training in unstable yet controllable environments.
  8. Phase 2:
    • Strength Endurance Training
    • enhance stabilization strength and endurance while increasing prime mover strength.
  9. Phase 3:
    Hypertrophy- increase muscle size.  (superset- one stable one not)
  10. Phase 4:
    maximal strength- works towards the goal of increasing maximal prime mover strength.
  11. Phase 5:
    Power - enhances prime mover strength while also improving the rate of force production (how quickly a muscle can generate force.)
  12. percentages:
    • 33% of adults obese
    • 16% of teenagers
    • 80% of all persons older than 65 have one chronic condition (50% have 2)
    • 80% adults have lower back pain
    • 1 in 5 have arthritis
    • 54% no activity

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