Sea Water Aquarium Water Quality

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Sea Water Aquarium Water Quality
2012-08-21 21:18:48
Sea Water Aquarium

Sea Water Aquarim Water Quality Parameters
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  1. Sea Water
    Comprimised of water and varying concentrations of every naturally occurring element known.
  2. Non-Conservatively
    Elements that are used by an organism in some fashion, the concentration of the element is subject to gradual depletion as conditions warrant.
  3. Bio-Intermediate
    Referring to elements that are constantly replenished by new sea water moving in from other areas of the globe
  4. Conservatively or Bio-Unlimiting
    Elements not utilized by living organisms, the concentration of these elements will not become depleted as a result of interaction with living organisms.
  5. Nutrients
    Substances required by plants to grow. Silica, Phosphate, and Nitrate are the three nutrients of concern in a marine aquarium
  6. Silica
    Will encourage the growth of Diatoms (Phytoplankton that utilizes hydrated silica to create an exoskeleton)
  7. Phosphate and Nitrate
    Adequate concentrations will result in a thriving mass of Filamentons Algae and or Cyanobacteria. (slime algae) (will grow over coral)
  8. Biolimiting
    Elements that are rapidly depleted by biological activity. Without these elements presence in adequate concentrations biological production cannot continue.
  9. Recommended Range of Temperature in a Nano-Reef Aquarim
    72o - 78F (22o - 25C) Depending on the Inhabitents
  10. An Incease in Water Temperature Lowers What In An Aquarim
    The Amount of Dissolved Oxygen Present in the Water.
  11. An Increase in Water Temperature Will Cause What to Happen
    It Causes more dissolved Ammonia to Shift into a MoreToxic Non-Ionized Form.
  12. Recommended Range of Density in a Nano-Reef Aquarium
    1.021 - 1.026 g/cm3
  13. Recommended Range of pH in a Namo-Reef Aquarium
    8.1 - 8.4
  14. Recommended Range of Alkalinity in a Nano-Reef Aquarium
    8.0 - 12.0 dKH ( 3.0 - 4.5meq/L )
  15. Recommended Range of Calcium [Ca2+] in a Nano-Reef Aquarium
    412.0 - 450.0 ppm
  16. Recommended Range of Magnesium [Mg2+] in a Nano-Reef Aquarium
    1288.0 - 1320.0 ppm
  17. Recommended Range of Strontium [Sr2+] in a Nano-Reef Aquarium
    • 8.0 - 10.0 ppm
    • - Same group as calcium and magnesium
    • - Component of skeletal material ( enabling coral to adhere to the skeleton more readily )
  18. Recommended Range of Iron [Fe2+/3+] in a Nano-Reef Aquarium
    0.1 - 0.3 ppm
  19. Recommended Range of Iodine [I-, Io3-] in a Nano-Reef Aquarium
    0.05 - 0.08 ppm
  20. Recommended Range of Phosphate in a Nano-Reef Aquarium
    <0.05 ppm (immeasurable)
  21. Recommended Range of Silicate in a Nano-Reef Aquarium
    <0.05 ppm (immeasurable)
  22. Recommended Range of Ammonia [NH3] in a Nano-Reef Aquarium
    0.0 ppm (immeasurable)
  23. Recommended Range of Nitrite [NO2-] in a Nano-Reef Aquarium
    0.0 ppm (immeasurable)
  24. Recommended Range of Nitrate [NO3-] in a Nano-Reef Aquarium
    <10.0 ppm
  25. How Much Live Rock Should be in a Nano-Reef Aquarium
    • 1.0 - 1.5 Pounds of Live Rock per Gallon
    •  - Low In Density, Which Will Displace Less Water In This TinyAquarium
    •  - Coral That Originates From The Pacific
  26. What Are The Two Major Ways That We Measure Ionic Strength (the sum of all dissolved substances) In Sea Water
    Salinity and Density
  27. Salinity
    •  - Measured In Units Of Parts Per Thousand (ppt, 0/00)
    •  - Sea Water Is Approximatly 3.5% or 35 0/00 Dissolved Solids by Weight
  28. Density
    • - Measured in Units of Grams of Dissolved Substance per ml of Sea Water
    •  - Sea Water is approximately 1.024g/cm3, This Means That Sea Water is 1.024 Times as Dense as Pure Fresh Water
  29. pH is The Measure of What of a Solution
    • Acidity and Alkalinity
    •  - Acidity is 7 or lower (more H+ ions)
    •  - Neutrality is 7
    •  - Alkalinity is 7 or Higher (less H+ ions)