Second Order: Hip and Pelvis Muscles

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Author:
brau2308
ID:
166035
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Second Order: Hip and Pelvis Muscles
Updated:
2012-08-14 17:46:28
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human movement origin insertion action innervation
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review of second order for human movement quiz
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  1. Gluteus Maximus
    Origin:
    posterior gluteal line of the ilium, posterior lower sacrum, coccyx
  2. Gluteus Maximus
    Insertion:
    into iliotibial tract and gluteal tuberosity of the femur
  3. Gluteus Maximus
    Action:
    extension and lateral rotation of femur at hip; upper fibers abduct femur; lower fibers adduct femur at hip
  4. Gluteus Maximus
    Innervation:
    inferior gluteal
  5. Gluteus Medius
    Origin:
    entire external surface of ilium between anterior and inferior gluteal lines at iliac crest
  6. Gluteus Medius
    Insertion:
    greater trochanter of femur
  7. Gluteus Medius
    Anterior fibers Action:
    flextion, abduction and internal rotation of femur of hip joint
  8. Gluteus Medius
    Middle fibers Action:
    abduction of hip joint
  9. Gluteus Medius
    Posterior fibers Action:
    extension, abduction and external rotation of hip joint
  10. Gluteus Medius
    Innervation:
    superior gluteal
  11. Gluteus minimus
    Origin:
    external surface of ilium between anterior and inferior gluteal lines at iliac crest
  12. Gluteus minimus
    Insertion:
    greater trochanter of femur
  13. Gluteus minimus
    Action:
    flexion, abduction and internal rotation of femur of hip joint
  14. Gluteus minimus
    Innervation:
    superior gluteal
  15. Tensor Fascia Latae
    Origin:
    ASIS
  16. Tensor Fascia Latae
    Insertion:
    iliotibial tract which inserts into patella, tibial condyle and head of fibula
  17. Tensor Fascia Latae
    Action:
    flexion, abduction and internal rotation of femur; adds lateral stability to knee joint
  18. Tensor Fascia Latae
    Innervation:
    superior gluteal
  19. Sartorius
    Origin:
    ASIS
  20. Sartorius
    Insertion:
    proximal medial tibia near anterior border
  21. Sartorius
    Action:
    flexes, abducts and externally rotates femur at hip; flexes and internally rotates knee joint
  22. Sartorius
    Innervation:
    femoral
  23. Hip Adductors:
    • pectineus
    • adductor magnus
    • gracilis
    • adductor brevis
    • adductor longus
  24. Hip Adductors
    Origin:
    all along pubic ramus and symphysis pubis
  25. Hip Adductors
    Insertion:
    pectineal line, linea aspera, adductor tubercle, and medial condyle
  26. Hip Adductors
    Action:
    adductions of femur at hip; internal rotator; in flexion, extend to neutral; in extension, flex to neutral
  27. Hip Adductors
    Innervation:
    obturator
  28. Pectineus
    Origin:
    all along pubic ramus and symphysis pubis
  29. Pectineus
    Insertion:
    pectineal line, linea aspera, adductor tubercle, and medial condyle
  30. Pectineus
    Action:
    adduction of femur at hip; internal rotators; in flexion, extend to neutral; in extension, flex to neutral
  31. Pectineus
    Innervation:
    femoral and obturator
  32. Adductor Magnus
    Origin:
    all along pubic ramus and symphysis pubis
  33. Adductor Magnus
    Insertion:
    pectineal line, linea aspera, adductor tubercle, and medial condyle
  34. Adductor Magnus
    Action:
    adduction of femur at hip; internal rotators; in flexion, extend to neutral; in extension, flex to neutral
  35. Adductor Magnus
    Innervation:
    obturator and sciatic
  36. Gracilis
    Origin:
    all along pubic ramus and symphysis pubis
  37. Gracilis
    Insertion:
    medial surface of tibia and proximal to semitendinous and lateral to sartorius
  38. Gracilis
    Action:
    • adduction of femur at hip joint; internal rotators; in flexion, extend to neutral; in extension, flex to neutral
    • flex and medially rotate knee
  39. Gracilis
    Innervation:
    obturator
  40. Adductor brevis
    Origin:
    all along pubic ramus and symphysis pubis
  41. Adductor brevis
    Insertion:
    pectineal line, linea aspera, adductor tubercle, and medial condyle
  42. Adductor brevis
    Action:
    adduction of femur at hip joint; internal rotators; in flexion, extend to neutral; in extension, flex to neutral
  43. Adductor brevis
    Innervation:
    obturator
  44. Adductor longus
    Origin:
    all along pubic ramus and symphysis pubis
  45. Adductor longus
    Insertion:
    pectineal line, linea aspera, adductor tubercle, and medial condyle
  46. Adductor longus
    Action:
    adduction of femur at hip; internal rotators; in flexion, extend to neutral; in extension, flex to neutral
  47. Adductor longus
    Innervation:
    obturator
  48. Small short hip lateral rotators:
    • piriformis
    • quadratus femoris
    • obturator internus
    • obturator externus
    • gemellus superior
    • gemellus inferior
  49. Small short hip lateral rotators
    Origin:
    ischium and sacrum, ischial tuberosity, rami of pubis
  50. Small short hip lateral rotators
    Insertion:
    femur, around greater trochanter, quadrate line and trochanteric fossa
  51. Small short hip lateral rotators
    Action:
    primarily external rotation of femur at hip
  52. Small short hip lateral rotators
    Innervation:
    sacral plexus (obturator externus=obturator)
  53. Piriformis
    Origin:
    ischium and sacrum, ischial tuberosity, rami of pubis
  54. Piriformis
    Insertion:
    femur, around greater trochanter, quadrate line, and trochanteric fossa
  55. Piriformis
    Action:
    external rotation of femur
  56. Piriformis
    Innervation:
    sacral plexus
  57. Quadratus femoris
    Origin:
    ischium and sacrum, ischial tuberosity, rami of pubis
  58. Quadratus femoris
    Insertion:
    femur, around greater trochanter, quadrate line, and trochanteris fossa
  59. Quadratus femoris
    Action:
    external rotation of femur at hip
  60. Quadratus femoris
    Innervation:
    sacral plexus
  61. Obturator internus
    Origin:
    ischium and sacrum, ischial tuberosity, rami of pubis
  62. Obturator internus
    Insertion:
    femur, around greater trochanter, quadrate line, and trochanteric fossa
  63. Obturator internus
    Action:
    external rotation of femur at hip
  64. Obturator internus
    Innervation:
    sacral plexus
  65. Obturator externus
    Origin:
    ischium and sacrum, ischial tuberosity, rami of pubis
  66. Obturator externus
    Insertion:
    femur, around greater trochanter, quadrate line, and trochanteric fossa
  67. Obturator externus
    Action:
    external rotation of femur at hip
  68. Obturator externus
    Innervation:
    obturator
  69. Gemellus Superior and Inferior
    Origin;
    ischium and sacrum, ischial tuberosity, rami of pubis
  70. Gemellus Superior and Inferior
    Insertion:
    femur, around greater trochanter, quadrate line, and trochanteric fossa
  71. Gemellus Superior and Inferior
    Action:
    external rotation of femur at hip
  72. Gemellus Superior and Inferior
    Innervation:
    sacral plexus
  73. Psoas minor
    Origin:
    sides of bodies of T12 and L1
  74. Psoas minor
    Insertion:
    ilium and iliac fossa
  75. Psoas minor
    Action:
    brings pelvis toward lumbar spine (lumbar flexion)
  76. Psoas minor
    Innervation:
    lumbar plexus
  77. Psoas major
    Origin:
    transverse processes of all lumbar vertebrae
  78. Psoas major
    Insertion:
    lesser trochanter of femur
  79. Psoas major
    Action:
    w/ iliacus, provide majority of hip flexion when leg is free; when leg is stabilized, flexes spine toward leg; unilaterally: lateral trunk flexor
  80. Psoas major
    Innervation:
    lumbar plexus
  81. Iliacus
    Origin:
    superior 2/3 of iliac fossa, internal lip of iliac crest
  82. Iliacus
    Insertion:
    lateral side of tendon of psoas major just distal to lesser trochanter
  83. Iliacus
    Action:
    w/ psoas major, provide majority of hip flexion when leg is free; when leg is stabilized, flexes spine toward leg; unilaterally: lateral trunk flexor
  84. Iliacus
    Innervation:
    femoral

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