Unit 1 chapter 2

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Unit 1 chapter 2
2012-08-14 21:40:27
Unit chapter

Unit 1 chapter 2
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  1. English Colonies
    clonies established by authority of a king
  2. types of colonies
    royal, proprietary, charter
  3. Basic concepts of government
    ordered, representative, limited, representative
  4. ordered government
    • need for ordered regulations
    • creation of local government based on knowledge
  5. limited government
    government is not all powerful and cant take away rights
  6. representative government
    people should have a voice in gov
  7. magna carta
    first document to ever limit the kings power; guaranteed some rights
  8. petition of right
    limited the kings power and required jury of peers
  9. english bill of rights
    fair trial; prevented cruel punishments
  10. John Lockes 2nd tretise
    men had natural born rights
  11. natural rights
    men had rights given to them by god before gov.
  12. government protects
    life liberty preoperty
  13. the stamp act
    required every published paper to receive british stamp; stop critical talk of the government
  14. 9 colonist joined to gether to ______ the stamp act
  15. first coontenental congress
    declaration of rights and grievences
  16. second contenental congress
    trying to defeat G.B.; middle of rev war
  17. George Washington
    elected commander and chief of army
  18. fundamentals of declaration
    • men had rights
    • government exsist by consent of governed
    • abusive gov can be replaced
  19. articles of confederation
    wasnt a strong national government; mistake
  20. national government could not
    • collect taxes
    • regulate taxes
  21. constitutional convention
    edit the articles of confederation; got rid of it
  22. the framers
    gathering of the 55 most brilliant minds; 30s and 40s
  23. 3 framers
    gerorge washington, james madison, alexander hamilton
  24. framers were
    upper class, well educated, white
  25. james madison
    father of the constituition
  26. virginia plan
    big state; 3 branches, based on population
  27. new jersey plan
    small state, unicameral legislature, equal representation
  28. the great compromise
    conneticut compromise, bicameral legislature; based on reps(reps) and equality(senate)
  29. 3/5ths compromise
    sountherners counted blacks as 3/5ths of a person in population to get more votes
  30. commerce and slave trade compromise
    • southern states fear of abolition of slavery
    • prevented acting on for 20 years
  31. source constitution
    • ancient greece, rome republic
    • john lockes second treatise
    • charles de montesquieus se[erating powers of government
  32. ratifying the constituition
    constitutiion required that 9 of the 13 colonies needed to approve it to take affect
  33. fedralist
    favored ratification of the government ex, james madison
  34. anti fedralist
    opposed the new constitution ex. patrcik henry