agvocab.txt

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Author:
Dwick
ID:
166090
Filename:
agvocab.txt
Updated:
2012-08-15 09:23:40
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American Government
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Description:
AG Ch 1 vocab
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  1. Politics
    The process of deciding who benefits in society and who does not
  2. Efficacy
    Citizens' belief that they have the ability to achieve something desirable and that the government listens to people like them
  3. Civic Engagement
    Individual and collective actions designed to identify and address issues of public concern
  4. Political Engagement
    Citizen actions that are intended to solve public problems through public means
  5. Government
    The institution that creates and implements policies and laws that guide the conduct of the nation and its citizens
  6. Citizens
    Members of the polit who, through birth or naturalization, enjoy the rights, privileges, and responsibilities attatched to the membership in a given nation
  7. Naturalization
    The process of becoming a citizen by means other than birth, as in the case of immigrants
  8. Legitimacy
    A quality conferred on government by citizens who believe that its exercise of power is right and proper
  9. Public Goods
    Goods who benefits cannot be limited and that are available to all
  10. Monarchy
    Government in which a member of a royal family, usually a king or a queen, has absolute authority over a territory and its government
  11. Oligarchy
    Government in which an elite few hold power
  12. Democracy
    Government in which supreme power of governance lies in the hands of its citizens
  13. Totalitarianism
    System of government in which the government essentially controls every aspect of people's lives
  14. Authoritarianism
    System of government in which the government holds strong powers but is checked by some forces
  15. Constitutionalism
    Government that is structured by law, and in which the power of government is limited
  16. Limited Government
    Governemtnthat is restricted in what it can do so that the rights of the people are protected
  17. Divine Right of Kings
    The assertion that monarchies, as a manifestation of God's will, could rule absolutely without regard to the will or well-being of their subjects
  18. Social Contract
    An agreement between people and their leaders in which the people agree to give up some liberties so that their other liberties are protected
  19. Natural Law
    The assertion that standards that goven human behavior are derived from the nature of humans themselves and can be universally applied
  20. Thomas Hobbs (1588-1697)
    • British Philosopher
    • Author of Leviathan (1651)
    • Believed in the righteousness of absolute monarchies
    • Strong naturally pray upon weak
    • Without absolute control anarchy prevails
  21. John Locke (1632-1704)
    • Two Treatises on Civil Government (1689)
    • -rejected the notion that the rational for the divine right of kings is based on scripture. By providing the theotretical basis for dicarding the idea of a monarch's divine right to rude.
    • Treatise
    • -Individuals possess certain unalienable rights which he ID as life, liberty, and property.
    • When people sign into a social contract they are going in with the notion that government will protect their natural rights. If not, citizens can rebel.
  22. Popular Sovereignty
    The theory that government is created by the people and depends on the prople for the authority to rule
  23. Social Contract Theory
    The idea that individuals possess free will, and every individual is equally endowed with the God given right of self-determination and the ability to condesnt to be governed
  24. Direct Democracy
    A structure of government in which citizens discuss and decide policy through majority rule
  25. Indirect/Representative Democracy
    A system in which citizens elect representatives who decide policies on behalf of their consttuents
  26. Political Culture
    The people's collective beliefs and attitudes about government and political process
  27. Liberty
    The most essential quality of American Democracy; it is both the freedom from governmental interfearence in citizens' lived and the freedom to pursue happiness
  28. Capitalism
    An economic system in which the means of producing wealth are privately owned and operated to produce profits
  29. Property
    Anyhing that can be owned
  30. Consent of Governed
    The idea that, in a democracy, the government's power derives from the consent of the people
  31. Majority Rule
    The idea that, in a democracy, only policies with 50 percent plus one vote are enacted, and only candidates that win 50 percent plus one vote are elected
  32. Political Ideology
    Integrated system of idea or beliefs about political values in general and the role of government in particular
  33. Liberalism
    An ideology the advocates change in the social, political, and economic realms to better protect the well-being of individuals and to produce equality within society
  34. Conservatism
    An ideology that emphasized preserving tradition and relying on community andfmaily as mechanisms of continuity in society
  35. Socialism
    An ideology that advocates economic equality, theoretically achieved by having the government or workers own the means of production
  36. Libertarianism
    An ideology whose advocates believe that government should take a "hands off" approach in most matters
  37. Neoconservatism
    An ideology that advocates military over diplomatic solutions in foreign policy and is less converned with restraning government activity in domestic politics than traditional conservatives

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