Anatomy of the Heart

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Vaishali71
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166101
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Anatomy of the Heart
Updated:
2012-08-19 13:47:51
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Chapter 1
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  1. The heart has ___ chambers.

    2
    3
    4
    5
    4
  2. The right atrium receives deoxygenated blood from all of the following EXCEPT:

    inferior vena cava
    superior vena cava
    pulmonary veins
    coronary sinus
    pulmonary veins
  3. The right atrium fills predominantly during:

    atrial systole
    ventricular diastole
    ventricular diastasis
    ventricular systole
    ventricular systole
  4. The muscle bundles of the atria and appendages are called:

    trabeculae carneae
    pectinate muscle
    false tendons
    ectopic chordae
    pectinate muscle
  5. The vestigial valve that guards the opening of the inferior vena cava is the:

    thebesian
    tricuspid
    eustachian
    Chiari
    eustachian
  6. The fenestrated portion of the eustachian valve is called the:

    limbus
    Chiari network
    membranous septum
    foramen ovale
    Chiari network
  7. The central opening of the IVS during fetal circulation is called the:

    fossa ovalis
    eustachian
    foramen ovale
    Chiari network
    foramen ovale
  8. All of the following are anotomical structures associated withh the right atrium EXCEPT:

    sulcus terminalis
    torus aorticus
    crista terminalis
    infundibulum
    infundibulum
  9. The left atrium receives oxygenated blood from the pulmonary veins predominantly during ventricular:

    diastole
    diastasis
    systole
    repolarization
    systole
  10. The closed central portion of the interatrial septum in the adult is called the:

    foramen ovale
    fossa ovalis
    thebesian valve
    ostium primum
    fossa ovalis
  11. The ventricles contain all of the following EXCEPT:

    trabeculae carneae
    papillary muscle
    chordae tendineae
    pectinate muscles
    pectinate muscles
  12. All of the following are true statements concerning the right ventricle EXCEPT:

    thick walled
    moderator band is located here
    contains three papillary muscle sets
    outflow portion called the infundibulum
    thick walled
  13. The muscle bundle that seperates the inflow tract from the outflow tract in the right ventricle is called the:

    crista terminalis
    crista supraventricularis
    sulcus terminalis
    torus aorticus
    crista supraventricularis
  14. The names of the three papillary muscle groups of the right ventricle include all of the following EXCEPT:

    lateral
    conal
    anterior
    posterior
    lateral
  15. All of the following are true statemenst concerning the left ventricle EXCEPT:

    prolate ellipse in shape
    has two papillary muscle set
    carries oxygenated blood
    high carbon dioxide content
    high carbon dioxide content
  16. The names of the two papillary muscle sets of the left ventricle are:

    anteromedial; posterior
    anterior; posterior
    anterolateral; posteromedial
    anterior; lateral
    anterolateral; posteromedial
  17. The portion of the interventricular septum located just beneath the aortic valve is the: 

    muscular
    trabecular
    noncoronary
    membranous
    membranous
  18. All of the following are considered regions of the muscular interventricular septum EXCEPT:

    trabecular
    inlet
    outlet
    primum
    primum
  19. The interventricular septum normalls bow towards the:

    right atrium
    right ventricle
    left atrium
    left ventrice
    right ventricle
  20. The valves that regulate blood flow between the atria and ventricles during ventricular systole and diastole are called the:

    atrioventricular
    semilunar
    vestigial
    rudimentary
    atrioventricular
  21. All of the following are components of the atrioventricular valves EXCEPT:

    papillary muscles
    chorade tendineae
    valve leaflets
    chordal web
    chordal web
  22. The names of the three tricuspid valve leaflets include all of the following EXCEPT:

    anterior 
    medial
    posterior
    left
    left
  23. The largest of the tricuspid valve leaflets is the:

    anterior
    posterior
    medial
    septal
    anterior
  24. The mitral valve includes all of the following EXCEPT:

    anterior leaflet
    medial commissure
    lateral commissure
    medial leaflet
    medial leaflet
  25. The names of the three posterior mitral valve leaflet scallops include all of the following EXCEPT:

    anterior
    middle
    medial
    lateral
    anterior
  26. The name of the cardiac valve that regulated blood from the ventricles to the great vessesl during ventricular systole and diastole is:

    atrioventricular 
    semilunar
    vestigial
    rudimentary
    semilunar
  27. All of the following are considered components of the semilunar valve cusps EXCEPT:

    lunula
    commissures
    nodules (Atlantii, Arantii)
    chordae
    chordae
  28. The names of the three pulmonary valve cusps include all of the following EXCEPT:

    anterior
    right
    posterior
    medial
    medial
  29. The names of the three aortic valve cusps include all of the following EXCEPT:

    anterior
    right
    left
    non-coronary
    anterior
  30. Which of the following carry oxygenated blood throughout the body?

    arteries
    veins
    venules
    vasa vasorum
    arteries
  31. All of the following are considered sections of the aorta EXCEPT:

    annulus
    root
    right/left branches
    arch
    right/left branches
  32. All of the following arteries originate from the aortic arch EXCEPT:

    left common carotid
    left subclavian
    right subclavian
    brachiocephalic
    right subclavian
  33. The small section of the aorta located between the left subclavian artery and the insertion of the ligamentum arteriosum is the aortic:

    arch
    annulus
    isthmus
    coarctation
    isthmus
  34. The coronary arteries originate from the sinuses of:

    Bernheim
    Carvallo
    Bernoulli
    Valsalva
    Valsalva
  35. Which coronary artery provides oxygenated blood to the inferior interventricular septum, and inferior walls of the left and right ventricles?

    left main
    posterior descending
    circumflex
    left anterior descending
    posterior descending
  36. In the majority of human hearts, the posterior descending artery is a branch of which coronary artery?

    left 
    right
    circumflex
    anterior descending
    right
  37. The right coronary artery provides oxygenated blood to all of the following EXCEPT the:

    right atrium
    left atrium
    sinoatrial node
    right ventricle
    left atrium
  38. The two branches of the left coronary artery are the:

    anterolateral, posteromedial
    diagonal, posterior descending
    anterior descending, circumflex
    circumflex, acute marginal
    anterior descending, circumflex
  39. The left anterior descending coronary arterty provides oxygenated blood to all of the following EXCEPT the:

    anterior interventricular septum
    inferior interventricular septum
    anterior wall of the left ventricle
    cardiac apex
    inferior interventricular septum
  40. The circumflex coronary artery provides oxygenated blood to all of the following EXCEPT the:

    anterior wall of the left ventricle
    anterolateral wall of the left ventricle
    left atrium
    lateral wall of the left ventricle
    anterior wall of the left ventricle
  41. Which of the following vessels connect the right ventricle to the lungs?

    main pulmonary
    aorta
    vena cava
    pulmonary vein
    main pulmonary
  42. All of the following veins carry deoxygenated blood EXCEPT the:

    superior vena cava
    inferior vena cava
    coronary sinus
    pulmonary veins
    pulmonary veins
  43. The coronary sinus receives deoxygenated blood from all of the following veins EXCEPT:

    great cardiac
    middle cardiac
    small cardiac
    posterior cardiac
    posterior cardiac
  44. Pulmonary venous flow normally occurs predominantly during:

    ventricular diastole
    atrial systole
    ventricular systole
    cannot be predicted
    ventricular systole
  45. The pacemaker of the heart is the:

    sinoatrial node
    internodal pathways
    atrioventricular node
    bundle of HIS
    sinoatrial node
  46. Which of the following carries the electrical impulse from the sinoatrial node to the atria?

    internodal pathways
    atrioventricular node
    bundle of HIS
    internodal pathways
    internodal pathways
  47. The most developed internodal pathway that carries the electrical impulse to the left atrium is:

    Thorel
    Bachmann's
    Wenckebach
    His
    Bachmann's
  48. Which of the following delays the electrical impulse to allow the atria to deliver blood to the ventricles?

    sinoatrial node
    internodal pathways
    atrioventricular node
    bundle of HIS
    atrioventricular node
  49. Which of the following carries the electrical impluse from the atria to the ventricles?

    sinoatrial node
    internodal pathways
    atrioventricular node
    His bundle
    His bundle
  50. Which of the following carries the electrical impulse to the ventricles?

    sinoatrial node
    internodal pathways
    His bundle
    bundle branches
    bundle branches
  51. Which of the following delivers the electrical impulse to the ventricles causing ventricular depolarization?

    sinoatrial node
    internodal pathways
    bundle branches
    Purkinje fibers
    Purkinje fibers
  52. The three layers of the heart include all of the following EXCEPT:

    epicardium
    myocardium
    endocardium
    pericardium
    pericardium
  53. The outer layer of the heart is the:

    epicardium
    myocardium
    endocardium
    pericardium
    epicardium
  54. The middle, muscular layer of the heart is the:

    epicardium
    myocardium
    endocardium
    pericardium
    myocardium
  55. The inner layer of the heart which also lines the cardiac valves is the:

    epicardium
    myocardium
    endocardium
    pericardium
    endocardium
  56. Adipose tissue around the heart is located betweein the:

    visceral pericardium and fibrous pericardium
    epicardium and myocardium
    myocardium and endocardium
    endocardium and epicardium
    epicardium and myocardium
  57. The sac that surrounds the heart is the:

    parietal pericardium
    visceral pericardium
    epicardium
    enodcardium
    parietal pericardium
  58. The pericaridal space is located between the:

    epicardium and myocardium
    enodcardium and epicardium
    parietal serous pericardium and epicardium
    fibrous pericardium and endocardium
    parietal serous pericardium and epicardium
  59. The posterior free space created by the pericardial-pulmonary vein interface is the:

    coronary sinus
    oblique sinus
    transverse sinus
    sinus of Valsalva
    oblique sinus
  60. The free space created at the base of the heart by the pericardial-great vessel interface is the:

    coronary sinus
    oblique sinus
    transverse sinus
    sinus of Valsalva
    transverse sinus
  61. The heart lies beneath the:

    diaphragm
    sternum
    liver
    abdominal cavity
    sternum
  62. The tip of the heart is called the:

    base
    apex
    pericardium
    isthmus
    apex
  63. The widest portion of the heart located beneath the second rib is the:

    base 
    apex
    pericardium
    isthmus
    base
  64. In relation to the aorta, the pulmonary artery lies:

    anteriorly, rightward
    posteriorly, rightward
    anteriorly, leftward
    laterally, posteriorly
    anteriorly, leftward
  65. Which cardiac valve lies closes to the cardiac apex?

    mitral
    aortic
    pulmonic
    tricuspid
    tricuspid
  66. The circumflex coronary artery feed the left border of the heart called the:

    acute margin
    oblique margin
    transverse sinus
    coronary sinuse
    oblique margin
  67. All of the following describe the heart's motion during ventricular systole EXCEPT:

    anteriorly
    laterally
    counterclockwise
    downward
    laterally
  68. Where the interatrial septum meets the interventricular septum internally is called the cardiac:

    apex
    base
    truncus
    crux
    crux

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