VCP flash cards

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kb3311
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166139
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VCP flash cards
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2012-08-15 12:26:00
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VCP flash cards
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  1. A VMware product that provides a way to secure and manage virtual  machines, for example in the workplace.
    ACE (The proper name is "VMware ACE".
  2. AMD's implementation of virtualization hardware assist
    AMD-v
  3. A virtualization technique pioneered by VMware in the late '90s for the  x86 architecture where the instruction stream is inspected and  non-virtualizable machine instructions are replaced with "safe" code. 
     Binary Translation (Contrast with hardware assist.)
  4. Using an existing Boot Camp installation as a virtual machine.
    Boot Camp Virtual Machine (Contrast with normal virtual machine)
  5. A Duplicate of a Virtual Machine
    clone
  6. The window on the host which allows you to interact with the guest. Note: Not really applicable to a Unity situation, this is mainly single-window mode.
    Console Window
  7. A VMware product that converts a physical (or virtual) Windows machine  to a virtual machine.
    Converter (The proper name is "VMware Converter")
  8. Computational unit. There may be multiple cores in a socket.
    Core (Note this is a generic term, not to be confused with Intel's Core (Solo, Duo, etc.) product line
  9. Copy-On-Write disk. Part of a snapshot, and keeps track of disk changes since the snapshot was taken.
    COW Disk
  10. A utility that balances computing workloads with available resources in a virtualized environment.
    DRS (Distributed Resource Scheduler)
  11. A free VMware virtualization software product aimed at businesses and  enterprise. Unlike Player/Fusion/Workstation/Server, does not run on top  of another OS.
    ESXi (proper name is "VMware ESXi")
  12. A virtual disk where the contents are stored in a file  (or multiple files, for split disks).
    File-Based Disk (contraast with raw disk)
  13. A VMware hosted virtualization software product. Runs on Mac OS X hosts.
    Fusion (proper name is "VMware Fusion")
  14. A view mode where the guest display takes up an entire physical monitor (or more).
    Full Screen (Contrast with single-window and Unity)
  15. The operating system that runs in a virtual machine. There can be  multiple guests per physical machine, but only one per virtual machine. 
    guest (contrast with host)
  16. An operating system that runs inside a virtual machine.
    Guest OS (Guest Operating System)
  17. To direct input (i.e. keyboard and mouse) to a virtual machine, for example by clicking in a console window.
    grab
  18. Forced ungrab, such as by pressing ctrl-cmd (by default) in Fusion.
    Ungrab
  19. A virtualization technique where the CPU allows software to specify  instructions (e.g. non-virtualizable ones) to cause traps (thus making  them virtualizable). Examples on the x86 architecture include VT-x and AMD-V.
    hardware assist (contrast with Binary Translation)
  20. The OS that has direct control of the hardware. There is only one host  per physical machine. What the virtualization software runs on; e.g. for  Fusion, the host is OS X. Contrast with guest.
    host (contrast with guest)
  21. Software that, when installed on a virtual machine host, performs actions on behalf of a remote client.
    host agent
  22. The physical computer on which the VirtualCenter software is installed. It hosts the VirtualCenter virtual machines.
    host computer
  23. VMware's name for the guest-visible aspect of a Shared Folder.
    HGFS (Host-Guest File System)
  24. Software that controls virtual machines, managing resources and ensuring that guests are properly isolated.
    Hypervisor
  25. A companion program for Fusion 1.x that translates third-party virtual  machines (e.g. Parallels, VirtualPC) to a format that Fusion  understands. As of Fusion 2, this functionality is built in to Fusion. 
    importer (proper name is VMware Importer)
  26. A free VMware hosted virtualization software product aimed at end  users. Has fewer features than Workstation or Fusion. Runs on Windows  and Linux hosts.
    player (Proper name is VMware Player)
  27. What the host uses to talk to the network.
    pNIC (Physical NIC)
  28. what we present to a guest. Our vNICs always appear as wired devices to the guest, even if the pNIC is a wireless device.
    vNIC (Virtual NIC)
  29. A method for accessing one computer's filesystem from another computer;  not restricted to virtualization. Well-known examples include NFS and  SMB/CIFS. Does not require VMware Tools, but does require a network  connection.
    Network Share
  30. For example, what you get when you create a new virtual machine with  all defaults. A normal virtual machine is portable between computers. Does not have things such as raw disks.
    Normal Virtual Machine
  31. A self-contained region of a hard disk that usually contains a filesystem.
    partition
  32. A mechanism for setting policies that govern the network connected to it.
    port group
  33. A virtual disk where the contents are stored directly on a partition on  the physical machine. Not safe to use with snapshots or suspending. For  example, a Boot Camp virtual machine uses a raw disk. Contrast with file-based disk.
    raw disk
  34. A division of computing resources used to manage allocations between virtual machines.
    resource pool
  35. The command-line interface for an ESX Server system. It allows administrators to configure the ESX Server system.
    service console (can be opened directly on ESX server) If the ESX Server system’s configuration allows Telnet or SSH connections, you can also connect remotely to the service console.
  36. In the context of VMware, a specific method for accessing the host filesystem from the guest using VMware Tools. Does not require a network connection.
    Shared Folder (Contrast with network share)
  37. A view mode where the guest's display appears in a single host window. This is the default view in Fusion.
    Single Window (Contrast with Unity and fullscreen.)
  38. Symmetric MultiProcessing. Using multiple cores at once.
    SMP
  39. Virtual Symmetric MultiProcessing. Using multiple cores in one virtual machine.
    vSMP
  40. A way to save all state (disk, RAM, CPU) of a virtual machine (note  this does not include network, since that is external). Useful for testing purposes or for remembering a known-good  setup.
    snapshot (As long as you  don't delete the snapshot (or underlying base disks), you can return to  this state.)
  41. A (physical) computational unit, e.g. something you would plug a CPU  into.  Can also refer to a particular type of communication method between programs.
    socket (A computer may have multiple sockets, a socket may have multiple cores.)
  42. Automatic ungrab, such as when your mouse leaves the console window
    soft ungrab
  43. Optional software installed in the guest that improves performance and usability.
    tools (Proper name is "VMware Tools")
  44. To direct input (i.e. keyboard and mouse) away from a virtual machine.
    ungrab (contrast with grab)
  45. A view mode where guest windows appear to be on the host, e.g. you can  interleave them with host windows. Requires VMware Tools; not available  for all guests. Contrast with single-window and fullscreen.
    unity (Contrast with single-window and fullscreen)
  46. A "computer" that exists only in software.
    virtual machine (contrast with physical machine)
  47. Another name for a hypervisor.
    vitrual machine monitor
  48. Common abbreviation for virtual machine.
    VM
  49. Intel's implementation of virtualization hardware assist for x86. All Intel Macs have this.
    VT-x
  50. A VMware hosted virtualization software product aimed at developers and  testers, with a number of features that Fusion does not have. Runs on  Windows and Linux hosts.
    workstation (proper name is VMware Workstation)
  51. The actual virtual hard drive for the virtual guest operation system (virtual machine / VM). You can create either dynamic or fixed virtual disks. With dynamic disks, the disks start small and grow as the disk inside the guest OS grows. With fixed disks, the virtual disk and guest OS disk start out at the same (large) disk.
    VMDK file
  52. a backup of the virtual machine’s paging file. It will only appear if the virtual machine is running, or if it has crashed.
    VMEM file
  53. used to store the exact state of the virtual machine when the snapshot was taken. Using this snapshot, you can then restore your machine to the same state as when the snapshot was taken.
    VMSN File
  54. stores information about snapshots (metadata). You’ll notice that the names of these files match the names of the snapshots.
    VMSD File
  55. these files are the BIOS for the virtual machine. The VM must know how many hard drives it has and other common BIOS settings. The NVRAM file is where that BIOS information is stored.
    NVRAM File
  56. the primary configuration file for a virtual machine. When you create a new virtual machine and answer questions about the operating system, disk sizes, and networking, those answers are stored in this file.
    VMX File
  57. A user interface that runs locally in a Windows machine and provides access to the virtual machine’s display. The Virtual Infrastructure Client runs on a networked machine. This can be on the same machine as the VirtualCenter Server or another networked machine. The Virtual Infrastructure Client requires a monitor for access to the virtual machine’s display.
    VI Client (Virtual Infrastructure Client)
  58. A file system that is optimized for storing virtual machines.
    VMFS File (VMware File System) One VMFS partition is supported per SCSI storage device or SAN. Each version of ESX Server uses a corresponding version of VMFS. For example, VMFS3 was introduced with ESX Server 3.
  59. A high-performance operating system that occupies the virtualization layer and manages most of the physical resources on the hardware, including memory, physical processors, storage, and networking controllers.
    VMKernel
  60. A service that acts as a central administrator for VMware servers connected on a network. This service directs actions on the virtual machines and the virtual machine hosts.
    Virtual Center Server (VirtualCenter Server is the working core of VirtualCenter.)
  61. Installed on each virtual machine host, this software coordinates the actions received from the VirtualCenter Server.
    Virtual Center Agent
  62. A persistent storage area for maintaining the status of each virtual machine and user managed in the VirtualCenter environment. Located on the same machine as the VirtualCenter Server.
    Virtual Center Database
  63. A file or set of files that appears as a physical disk drive to a guest operating system. These files can be on the host machine or on a remote file system
    Virtual Disk
  64. A ______ works like a layer 2 physical switch. Each server has its own ______. On one side of the _______ are port groups that connect to virtual machines. On the other side are uplink connections to physical Ethernet adapters on the server where the ________ resides. Virtual machines connect to the outside world through the physical Ethernet adapters that are connected to the ________uplinks.
    Virtual Switch
  65. A feature that enables you to move running virtual machines from one ESX Server system to another without interrupting service. It requires licensing on both the source and target hosts.
    vmotion (VMotion is activated by the VirtualCenter agent. The VirtualCenter Server centrally coordinates all VMotion activities. See also migration with VMotion.)

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