Pre AP English 11 SAT Word Study Unit I

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Pre AP English 11 SAT Word Study Unit I
2012-10-23 20:26:02
Vocabulary words Juniors

SAT vocabulary words
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  1. admonish
    • (v) to caution or advise against something; to scold mildly; to remind of a duty
    • syn: warn, call on the carpet
    • ant: praise, pat on the back
  2. breach
    • (n) an onpening, gap, rupture, rift; a violation or infraction; (v) to create an opening, break through
    • ant: (v) close, seal
  3. brigand
    (n) a bandit, robber, outlaw, highwayman
  4. circumspect
    • (adj) careful, cautious
    • syn: wary, prudent, guarded
    • ant: incautious, rash, reckless, heedless
  5. commandeer
    • (v) to seize for military or official use
    • syn: take over, requisition, expropriate
  6. cumbersome
    • (adj) clumsy, hard to handle; slow-moving
    • syn: unwieldy, ponderous
    • ant: manageable, easy to handle
  7. deadlock
    • (n) a standstill resulting from the opposition of two equal forces or factions; (v) to bring to such a standstill
    • syn: (n) standoff, stalemate, impasse
    • ant: (n) agreement, accord, breakthrough
  8. debris
    • (n) scattered fragment, wreckage
    • syn: rubble, detritus, flotsam and jetsam
  9. diffuse
    • (v) to spread or scatter freely or widely; (adj) wordy, longwinded, or unfocused; scattered or widely spread
    • syn: (v) disperse; (adj) rambling, verbose, prolix
    • ant: (v) concentrate; (adj) brief, concise, succinct
  10. dilemma
    • (n) a difficult or perplexing situation or problem
    • syn: predicament, quandry, picklee, bind
    • ant: cinch
  11. efface
    • (v) to wipe out; to keep oneself from being noticed
    • syn: blot out, erase, obliterate, expunge
  12. muddle
    • (v) to make a mess of; muddle through: to get by; (n) a hopeless mess
    • syn: (v) jumble, mess up; (n) confusion, disorder
    • ant: (n) orderliness, tidiness, neatness
  13. opinionated
    • (adj) stubborn and often unreasonable in holding to one's own ideas, having a closed mind.
    • syn: obstinate, pigheaded, inflexible
    • ant: open-minded, reasonable
  14. perennial
    • (adj) lasting for a long time, persistent; (n) a plant that lives for many years
    • syn: (adj) enduring, recurring
    • ant: (adj) brief, short-lived, fleeting, ephemeral
  15. predispose
    • (v) to incline to beforehand
    • syn: make susceptible to
    • ant: immunize against, shield from
  16. relinquish
    • (v) to let go, give up
    • syn: surrender, abandon
    • ant: hold on to, keep, retain, cling to
  17. salvage
    • (v) to save from fire or shipwreck; (n) properly thus saved
    • syn: (v) rescue, recover, retrieve, reclaim
    • ant: (v) abandon, scrap, junk
  18. spasmodic
    • (adj) sudden an violent but brief; fitful; intermittent
    • syn: irregular, occasional
    • ant: steady, continuous, chronic
  19. spurious
    • (adj) not genuine, not true, not valid
    • syn: false, counterfeit, fraudulent, bogus
    • ant: genuine, authentic, bona fide, valid
  20. unbridled
    • (adj) uncontrolled, lacking in interest
    • syn: unrestrained, unchecked
    • ant: restrained, held in check, muted