Card Set Information
1. Adenomas 2. Hyperplasia 3. Carcinoma
Consequences of hyponatraemia
- often asymptomatic
- headache, agitation, disorientation, lethargy, N&V
- convulsion, coma, pseudobulbar palsy (though may be tolerated if slow onset)
Euvolaemia= syndrome of inappropriate anti-diuretic hormone (SIADH), high water intake, hypothyroidism.
Hypovolaemia= diarrhoea, vomiting, diuretics, renal tubular dysfunction
Hypervolaemia= cirrhosis, heart failure
Hypocalcaemia with hyperphosphataemia
Elevated PTH due to resistance to parathormone (PTH).
This is due to mutation of the PTH receptor.
There are associated phenotypic signs including short stature, low IQ and shortened fourth and fifth metacarpals.
Cretinism is characterised by
retarded bone age
broad flat nose
widely set eyes
The incidence of cretinism is about 1:5000