mo 100

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tamispencer
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166371
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mo 100
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2012-08-17 14:00:16
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Chapter 12
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Mo 100
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  1. relating to the skin
    cutaneous
  2. outermost layer of the skin; made up of epithelial tissues
    epidermis
  3. form a protective covering for all of the internal and external surfaces of the body
    epithelial tissues
  4. forms the upper layer of the epidermis
    squamous epithelial tissue
  5. lowest layer of the epidermis; here the cells are produced and then pushed upward.  
    basal layer
  6. fibrous, water-repellent protein.  Major component of hair, skin and nails
    keratin
  7. cells that produce melanin
    melanocytes
  8. corium; the thick layer of living tissue directly below the epidermis; contains connective tissue,blood and lymph vessels, and nerve fibers, as well as the hair follicles and sebaceous glands.
    dermis
  9. sensory receptors in the dermis for stimuli such as touch, temperature, pain and pressure.
    sensory nerve endings
  10. glue; a tough, yet flexible, fibrous protein material found in the skin and in the bones, tendons, cartilage and ligaments
    collagen
  11. found in the connective tisue of the dermis, respond to injury, infection, or allergy by producing and releasing substances, including heparin and histamine.
    Mast cells
  12. released in response to an injury; anticoagulant.
    heparin
  13. released in response to allergens, causes the signs of an allergic response
    histamine
  14. located just below the skin, connects the skin to the surface muscles
    subcutaneous layer
  15. production and excretion of sweat
    hidrosis
  16. rod-like structures composed of tightly fused, dead protein cells filled with hard keratin
    hair fibers
  17. tiny muscle fibers attached to the hair follicles that cause the hair to stand erect.
    arrector pili
  18. commonly known as a fingernail or toenail.  the keratin plate protecting the dorsal surface of the last bone of each finger and toe
    unguis
  19. translucent, made of up hard keratinized plates of epidermal cells and is closely molded to the surface of the underlying tissues
    nail body
  20. joins the nail body to the underlying connective tisue, nourishes the nail
    nail bed
  21. the portion of the nail not attached to the nail bed, extends beyond the tip of the finger or toe
    free edge
  22. a pale half moon shaped region at every nail root 
    lunula
  23. a narrow band of epidermis attached to the surface of the nail just in front of the root, protecting the new keratin cells as they form
    cuticle
  24. fastens the nail to the finger or toe by fitting into a groove in the skin
    nail root
  25. a noninfected lesion formed by the buildup of sebum and keratin in a hair follicle
    comedo
  26. a closed sac associated with a sebaceous gland that is found just under the skin; these cysts contain yellow, fatty material and are usually found on the face, neck, or trunk
    sebaceous cyst
  27. overactivity of the sebaceous glands that results in the production of an excessive amount of sebum
    seborrhea
  28. an inflammation that causes scaling and itching  of the upper layers of the skin or scalp; ex: extensive dandruff
    seborrheic dermatitis
  29. a benign skin growth that has a waxy or "pasted-on" look.  These growths occur most commonly in the elderly.  Can vary in color from light tan to black
    seborrheic keratosis
  30. abnormal condition of lacking sweat in response to heat
    anhidrosis
  31. profuse sweating; a normal condition when brough on by heat or exertion, but can also be the body's response to emotional or physical distress
    diaphoresis
  32. a condition of  sweating in one area or over the whole body
    hyperhidrosis
  33. heat rash or prickly heat; an intensely itchy rash caused by blockage of the sweat glands by bacteria and dead cells.
    miliaria
  34. night sweats; the occurrence of excessive hyperhidrosis during sleep
    sleep hyperhidrosis
  35. baldness; complete or partial loss of hair in men
    alopecia
  36. an autoimmune disorder that attacks the hair follicles, causing well-defined bald areas on the scalp or elsewhere on the body
    alopecia areata
  37. an uncommon condition characterized by the loss of all the hair on the scalp
    alopecia capitis totalis
  38. the total loss of hair on all parts of the body
    alopecia universalis
  39. occurring in patches
    areata
  40. head
    capitis
  41. total
    universalis
  42. a condition in which the hair thins in the front and on the sides of the scalp and sometimes on the crown of women; rarely leads to total hair loss
    female pattern baldness
  43. a common hair-loss pattern in men,with the hairline receding from the front to the back until only a horseshoe-shaped area of hair remains
    male pattern baldness
  44. abnormal curving of the nails that is often accompanied by enlargement of the fingertips.
    clubbing
  45. spoon nail; malformation of the nails in which the outer surface is concave or scooped out like the bowl of a spoon; indication of iron deficiency anemia
    koilonychia
  46. an inflammation of the matrix of the nail that usually results in the loss of the nail
    onychia
  47. ingrown toenail
    onychocryptosis
  48. a fungal infection of the nail; can cause the nails to turn white, yellow, green or black and to become thick and brittle
    onychomycosis
  49. means nail biting or nail eating
    onychophagia
  50. an acute or chronic infection of the skin fold around a nail
    paronychia
  51. melasma or mask of pregnancy; a pigmentation disorder characterized by brownish spots on the face.  
    chloasma
  52. a skin condition resulting from the destruction of the melanocytes due to unknown causes
    vitiligo
  53. an injury to underlying tissues without breaking the skin and is characterized by discoloration and pain. Caused by an accumulation of blood within the skin
    contusion
  54. bruise; a large, irregular area of purplish discoloration due to bleeding under the skin
    ecchymosis
  55. the appearance of multiple purple discolorations on the skin caused by bleeding underneath the skin; these areas are smaller than ecchymosis and larger than petechiae
    purpura
  56. very small, pinpoint hemorrhages that are less than 2 mm in diameter. sometimes result from high fevers
    petechiae
  57. a swelling of clotted blood trapped in the tissues; sometimes caused by an injury
    hematoma
  58. a pathologic change in the tissues due to disease or injury
    lesion
  59. scab; a collection of dried serum and cellular debris
    crust
  60. a discolored, flat spot that is less than 1 cm in diameter. Freckles or flat moles are examples
    macule
  61. a solid raised skin lesion that is larger than 0.5 cm in diameter and deeper than a papule
    nodule
  62. a small raised red lesion that is less than 0.5 cm in diameter and does not contain pus; small pimples and insect bites are examples
    papule
  63. a scaly, solid raised area of closely spaced papules; the lesions of psoriasis, for example
    plaque
  64. flakes or dry patches made up of excess dead epidermal cells
    scales
  65. warts; small hard skin lesions caused by the human papilloma virus
    verrucae
  66. welt; a small bump that itches
    wheal
  67. a closed pocket containing pus that is caused by a bacterial infection
    abscess
  68. producing or containing pus
    purulent
  69. an abnormal sac containing gas, fluid, or a semisolid material
    cyst
  70. pimple; a small circumscribed lesion containing pus
    pustule
  71. a small blister, less than 0.5 cm in diameter, containing watery fluid
    vesicle
  72. a large blister that is usually more than 0.5 cm in diameter
    bulla
  73. an ulcerated area in which prolonged pressure has caused tissue death
    pressure sore
  74. an open lesion of the skin or mucous membrane resulting in tissue loss around the edges
    ulcer
  75. a soft, raised dark reddish purple birthmark, a benign tumor made up of newly formed blood vessels.
    strawberry hemangioma
  76. localized allergic response caused by contact with an irritant
    contact dermatitis
  77. itching
    pruritis
  78. redness of the skin due to capillary dilation
    erythema
  79. a skin disorder resulting from a generalized allergic reaction to an illness, infection or medication.  Characterized by a rash that may appear as nodules or papules, macules, or vesicles or bullae
    erythema multiforme
  80. fifth disease; a mildy contagious viral infection that is common in childhood.  Produces a red lace like rash on the childs face
    erythema infectiosum
  81. chilblains; a purple red inflammation that occurs when the small blood vessels below the skin are damaged, usually due to exposure to cold and damp weather.
    erythema pernio
  82. abnormal redness of the entire skin surface
    erythroderma
  83. a condition in which there is widespread scaling of the skin, often with pruritis, erythoderma, and hair loss
    exfoliative dermatitis
  84. a general term used to denote skin lesions or eruptions of any type that are not associated with inflammation
    dermatosis
  85. a group of hereditary disorders characterized by dry, thickened and scaly skin.
    Ichthyosis
  86. painful fat syndrome; a chronic abnormal condition that is characterized by the accumulation of fat and fluid in the tissues just under the skin of tehe hips and legs
    lipedema
  87. an autoimmune disorder characterized by a red, scaly, rash on the face and upper trunk.  
    lupus erythematosus
  88. common skin disorder characterized by flare-ups in which red papules covered with silvery scales occur on the elbows, knees, scalp and back and buttocks
    psoriasis
  89. characterized by tiny red pimples and broken blood vessels; also known as adult acne
    rosacea
  90. bulbous nose; usually occurs in older men; characterized by hyperplasia of the tissues of the nose 
    rhinophyma
  91. an autoimmune disorder in which the connective tissues become thickened and hardened, causing the skin to become hard and swollen
    scleroderma
  92. hives; itchy wheals caused by an allergic reaction
    urticaria
  93. cluster of connected furuncles
    carbuncle
  94. an acute, rapidly spreading infection within the connective tissues that is characterized by malaise, swelling, warmth and red streaks.  
    cellulitis
  95. boils; large, tender, swollen areas caused by a staph infection around hair follicle or sebaceous glands
    furuncles
  96. highly contagious bacterial skin infection that commonly occurs in children; characterized by isolated pustules that become crusted and rupture
    impetigo
  97. fungal infection tha can grow on the skin, hair or nails. AKA ringworm.
    tinea
  98. jock itch
    tinea cruris
  99. a fungal infection that causes painless, discolored areas on the skin
    tinea versicolor
  100. tissue that normally forms during the healing of a wound
    granulation tissue
  101. a general term used to describe small, knot like swellings of granulation tissue in the epidermis
    granuloma
  102. an abnormally raised or thickened scar that expands beyond the boundaries of the incision
    keloid
  103. any skin growth, in which there is overgrowth and thickening of the skin
    keratosis
  104. moles; small dark skin growths that develop from melanocytes in the skin
    nevi
  105. a mushroom like growth from the surface of a mucous membrane
    polyp
  106. small flesh colored or light brown polyps that hang from the body by fine stalks
    skin tags
  107. precancerous skin growth that occurs on sun damaged skin.  Looks like a red scaly patch  and feels like sandpaper
    actinic keratosis
  108. a malignant tumor of the basal cell layer of the epidermis.  Most common and least harmful type of skin cancer, because it is slow growing and rarely spreads
    basal cell carcinoma
  109. originates as a malignant tumor of the scaly squamous cells; can quickly spread to other body systems.
    squamous cell carcinoma
  110. a type of skin cancer that originates in the melanocytes; most serious type of skin cancer.
    Malignant melanoma
  111. technique in which cells are scraped from the tissue and examined under a microscope
    exfoliative cytology
  112. removal of material from the surface by scraping
    curettage
  113. technique used to treat skin cancer; individual layers of cancerous tissue are removed and examined under a microscope one at a time until all cancerous tissue has been removed
    Mohs surgery
  114. L.A.S.E.R. stands for:
    light amplification by stimulated emision of radiation
  115. skin graft; replacement of damaged skin with healthy tissue taken from a donor site on the patients body
    dermatoplasty
  116. use of electric current to destroy hair follicles in order to produce unwanted hair removal
    electrolysis
  117. facelift; surgical removal of excess skin and fat around the face to eliminate wrinkles
    rhytidectomy
  118. used in the treatment of spider veins; injects a sclerosing solution into the vein being treated.
    sclerotherapy

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