GRE Vocab.txt

Card Set Information

Author:
rgonzalez003
ID:
166472
Filename:
GRE Vocab.txt
Updated:
2012-09-18 15:33:13
Tags:
GRE
Folders:

Description:
GRE Prep Vocab Cards
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user rgonzalez003 on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. solipsism
    • Noun:
    • The view or theory that the self is all that can be known to exist.
  2. maudlin
    • Adjective:
    • Self-pityingly or tearfully sentimental, often through drunkenness.

    • Synonyms:
    • sentimental - mawkish
  3. pantheism
    • Noun:
    • A doctrine that identifies God with the universe, or regards the universe as a manifestation of God.
  4. redoubtable
    • Adjective:
    • (of a person) Formidable, esp. as an opponent:  "a redoubtable debater".

    • Synonyms:
    • redoubted - formidable - dreadful - terrible - awful
  5. banter
    • Noun:
    • The playful and friendly exchange of teasing remarks.

    • Verb:
    • Talk or exchange remarks in a good-humored teasing way:  "the men bantered with the waitresses";  "a bantering tone".

    • Synonyms:noun.
    • jest - joke - raillery - pleasantry - badinageverb.  joke - jest - chaff - lark - tease - jape - mock
  6. doggerel
    • Noun:
    • Comic verse composed in irregular rhythm.Verse or words that are badly written or expressed.
  7. bourgeois
    • Noun:
    • A member of the middle class. A bourgeois person.
  8. extant
    • Adjective:
    • (esp. of a document) Still in existence; surviving.

    • Synonyms:
    • existing - existent - in existence - present
  9. germane
    • Adjective:
    • Relevant to a subject under consideration:  "that is not germane to our theme".

    • Synonyms:
    • relevant
  10. inviolable
    • Adjective:
    • Never to be broken, infringed, or dishonored.

    • Synonyms:
    • sacred - sacrosanct - infrangible - irrefrangible
  11. oeuvre
    • Noun:
    • The works of a painter, composer, or author regarded collectively:  "the complete oeuvre of Mozart".A work of art, music, or literature.

    • Synonyms:
    • work
  12. gamut
    • Noun:
    • The complete range or scope of something:  "the whole gamut of human emotion".A complete scale of musical notes; the compass or range of a voice or instrument.

    • Synonyms:
    • scale - range - diapason - gamma
  13. corpus
    • Noun:
    • A collection of written texts, esp. the entire works of a particular author or a body of writing on a particular subject.A collection of written or spoken material in machine-readable form, assembled for the purpose of studying linguistic structures,...

    • Synonyms:
    • body - collection
  14. prostrate
    • Adjective:
    • Lying stretched out on the ground with one's face downward.

    • Verb:
    • Lay oneself flat on the ground face downward, esp. in reverence or submission.

    • Synonyms:
    • prone
  15. multifarious
    • Adjective:
    • Many and of various types.Having many varied parts or aspects.

    • Synonyms:
    • manifold - various - varied - diverse - miscellaneous
  16. boon
    • Noun:
    • A thing that is helpful or beneficial.

    • Adjective:
    • (of a companion or friend) Close; intimate; favorite.

    • Synonyms:
    • blessing - benefit - favour - favor
  17. paradigm
    • Noun:
    • A typical example or pattern of something; a model.A worldview underlying the theories and methodology of a particular scientific subject.

    • Synonyms:
    • example - model - sample - exemplar - instance - pattern
  18. motif
    • Noun:
    • A decorative design or pattern.A distinctive feature or dominant idea in an artistic or literary composition.

    • Synonyms:
    • motive - theme - subject
  19. proscribe
    • Verb:
    • Forbid, esp. by law.Denounce or condemn.

    • Synonyms:
    • outlaw - ban - forbid - prohibit - banish - interdict
  20. presage
    • Verb:
    • (of an event) Be a sign or warning that (something, typically something bad) will happen.

    • Noun:
    • A sign or warning that something, typically something bad, will happen; an omen or portent.

    • Synonyms:
    • verb.  forebode - predict - bode - foretell - augurnoun.  omen - portent - augury - foreboding - foretoken - sign
  21. unobtrusive
    • Adjective:
    • Not conspicuous or attracting attention.

    • Synonyms:
    • modest - discreet - humble - quiet
  22. fortuitous
    • Adjective:
    • Happening by accident or chance rather than design.Happening by a lucky chance; fortunate.

    • Synonyms:
    • accidental - random - incidental - casual - chance
  23. atavistic
    • Adjective:
    • Relating to or characterized by reversion to something ancient or ancestral:  "atavistic fears and instincts".
  24. insolvent
    • Adjective:
    • Unable to pay debts:  "an insolvent company".

    • Noun:
    • An insolvent person.

    • Synonyms:
    • adjective.  bankruptnoun.  bankrupt
  25. cognomen
    • Noun:
    • An extra personal name given to an ancient Roman citizen, functioning rather like a nickname and typically passed down from father to son.A name; a nickname.

    • Synonyms:
    • surname - nickname - sobriquet - last name - soubriquet
  26. diatribe
    • Noun:
    • A forceful and bitter verbal attack against someone or something.
  27. apologia
    • Noun:
    • A formal written defense of one's opinions or conduct.

    • Synonyms:
    • apology
  28. injunction
    • Noun:
    • An authoritative warning or order.A judicial order that restrains a person from effecting legal action, or orders redress to an injured party.

    • Synonyms:
    • order - command - dictate - behest - dictation - bidding
  29. dictum
    • Noun:
    • A formal pronouncement from an authoritative source.A short statement that expresses a general truth or principle.

    • Synonyms:
    • saying - adage - byword - maxim - saw - aphorism
  30. denouement
    • Noun:
    • The final part of a play, movie, or narrative in which the strands of the plot are drawn together and matters are resolved.The climax of a chain of events, usually when something is decided or made clear.
  31. foundering
    • Verb:
    • (of a ship) Fill with water and sink:  "six drowned when the yacht foundered off the Florida coast".(of a plan or undertaking) Fail or break down, typically as a result of a particular problem or setback.
  32. jocosely
    • Adjective:
    • given to or characterized by joking; jesting; humorous; playful: a jocose and amusing manner.

    • Web definitions:
    • with humor; "they tried to deal with this painful subject jocularly".
  33. plebiscite
    • Noun:
    • The direct vote of all the members of an electorate.

    • Synonyms:
    • referendum
  34. presupposition
    • Noun:
    • A thing tacitly assumed beforehand at the beginning of a line of argument or course of action.The action or state of presupposing or being presupposed.

    • Synonyms:
    • presumption - supposition - assumption - premise
  35. melange
    • Noun:
    • A mixture; a medley:  "a melange of tender vegetables and herbs".
  36. shibboleth
    • Noun:
    • A custom, principle, or belief distinguishing a class or group of people.

    • Synonyms:
    • password - watchword - parole
  37. misnomer
    • Noun:
    • A wrong or inaccurate name or designation:  "“king crab” is a misnomer".A wrong or inaccurate use of a name or term.
  38. interpolate
    • Verb:
    • Insert (something) between fixed points.Insert (words) in a book or other text, esp. in order to give a false impression as to its date.

    • Synonyms:
    • insert - interpose
  39. marginal
    • Adjective:
    • Of, relating to, or situated at the edge or margin of something.

    • Noun:
    • A plant that grows in water adjacent to the edge of land.

    • Synonyms:
    • peripheral
  40. fecund
    • Adjective:
    • Producing or capable of producing an abundance of offspring or new growth; fertile.

    • Synonyms:
    • fertile - prolific - fruitful - productive - rich
  41. seraphic
    • Adjective:
    • Characteristic of or resembling a seraph or seraphim:  "a seraphic smile".

    • Synonyms:
    • angelic - cherubic - seraphical
  42. prevalent
    • Adjective:
    • Widespread in a particular area at a particular time.Predominant; powerful.

    • Synonyms:
    • prevailing - predominant - ruling - regnant - dominant
  43. sentient
    • Adjective:
    • Able to perceive or feel things:  "sentient life forms".

    • Synonyms:
    • sensitive - sensible - susceptible - tender - feeling
  44. preeminence
    • Adjective:
    • eminent above or before others; superior; surpassing: He is preeminent in his profession.

    • Web definitions:eminence:
    • high status importance owing to marked superiority; "a scholar of great eminence".
  45. protean
    • Adjective:
    • Tending or able to change frequently or easily.Able to do many different things; versatile.

    • Synonyms:
    • changeable - inconstant - fickle
  46. ethereal
    • Adjective:
    • Extremely delicate and light in a way that seems too perfect for this world.Heavenly or spiritual:  "ethereal, otherworldly visions".

    • Synonyms:
    • airy - aerial - etherial
  47. sophist
    • Noun:
    • A paid teacher of philosophy and rhetoric in ancient Greece, associated in popular thought with moral skepticism and specious reasoning.A person who reasons with clever but fallacious arguments.

    • Synonyms:
    • quibbler
  48. sui generis
    • Adjective:
    • Unique.
  49. apropos
    • Preposition:
    • With reference to; concerning.

    • Adverb:
    • Used to state a speaker's belief that someone's comments or acts are unrelated to any previous discussion or situation.

    • Adjective:
    • Very appropriate to a particular situation:  "the composer's reference to child's play is apropos".

    • Synonyms:adverb. 
    • pat - by the wayadjective.  opportune - appropriate - seasonable - proper - suitable
  50. spurious
    • Adjective:
    • Not being what it purports to be; false or fake:  "spurious claims".(of a line of reasoning) Apparently but not actually valid:  "this spurious reasoning results in nonsense".

    • Synonyms:
    • false - sham - counterfeit - bogus - mock - phony
  51. explicit
    • Adjective:
    • Stated clearly and in detail, leaving no room for confusion or doubt.

    • Noun:
    • The closing words of a text, manuscript, early printed book, or chanted liturgical text.

    • Synonyms:
    • express - clear - definite - distinct - plain - evident
  52. prevaricate
    • Verb:
    • Speak or act in an evasive way:  "he prevaricated when journalists asked questions".

    • Synonyms:
    • evade - equivocate - lie
  53. necessitate
    • Verb:
    • Make (something) necessary as a result:  "the arthritis necessitated a hip replacement".Force or compel (someone) to do something:  "the late arrival had necessitated her getting out of bed".

    • Synonyms:
    • require - demand - compel - constrain - force - oblige
  54. dystopia
    Noun:An imagined place or state in which everything is unpleasant or bad, typically a totalitarian or environmentally degraded one.
  55. microcosm
    Noun:A community, place, or situation regarded as encapsulating in miniature the characteristic features of something much larger.Humankind regarded as the epitome of the universe.
  56. epitome
    • Noun:
    • A person or thing that is a perfect example of a particular quality or type:  "she is the epitome of elegance and taste".A summary of a written work; an abstract.

    • Synonyms:
    • abstract - summary - abridgment - abridgement - synopsis
  57. parenthetical
    • Adjective:
    • Of, relating to, or inserted as a parenthesis.

    • Synonyms:
    • parenthetic
  58. putative
    • Adjective:
    • Generally considered or reputed to be:  "the putative father of a boy of two".

    • Synonyms:
    • supposed - presumptive - reputed
  59. incontrovertible
    • Adjective:
    • Not able to be denied or disputed:  "incontrovertible proof".

    • Synonyms:
    • indisputable - incontestable - undeniable - irrefutable
  60. promulgate
    • Verb:
    • Promote or make widely known (an idea or cause).Put (a law or decree) into effect by official proclamation.

    • Synonyms:
    • proclaim - publish - declare - announce - give out
  61. artifice
    • Noun:
    • Clever or cunning devices or expedients, esp. as used to trick or deceive others:  "artifice and outright fakery".

    • Synonyms:
    • trick - ruse - wile - art - stratagem - craft - device
  62. duplicity
    • Noun:
    • Deceitfulness; double-dealing.

    • Synonyms:
    • double-dealing - hypocrisy
  63. Lothario
    • Noun:
    • A man who behaves selfishly and irresponsibly in his sexual relationships with women.
  64. hedonist
    • Web definitions:
    • someone motivated by desires for sensual pleasures.
  65. fanciful
    • Adjective:
    • (of a person or their thoughts and ideas) Overimaginative and unrealistic.Existing only in the imagination or fancy.
  66. chimera
    • Noun:
    • (in Greek mythology) A fire-breathing female monster with a lion's head, a goat's body, and a serpent's tail.Any mythical animal with parts taken from various animals.
  67. adumbrate
    • Verb:
    • Report or represent in outline.Indicate faintly.
  68. singular
    • Adjective:
    • Exceptionally good or great; remarkable.

    • Noun:
    • The singular form of a word:  "the first person singular".

    • Synonyms:
    • odd - strange - peculiar - extraordinary - uncommon
  69. unique
    • Adjective:
    • Being the only one of its kind; unlike anything else:  "the situation was unique in modern politics";  "original and unique designs".

    • Noun:
    • A unique person or thing.Synonyms:singular - single - only - sole - unparalleled
  70. epic
    • Noun:
    • A long poem, typically derived from oral tradition, narrating the deeds and adventures of heroic or legendary figures or the history of...

    Adjective:Of, relating to, or characteristic of an epic or epics.

    • Synonyms:noun. 
    • epos - epopee
  71. exemplary
    • Adjective:
    • Serving as a desirable model; representing the best of its kind.Characteristic of its kind or illustrating a general rule.
  72. ancillary
    • Adjective:
    • Providing necessary support to the primary activities or operation of an organization, institution, industry, or system.

    • Noun:
    • A person whose work provides necessary support to the primary activities of an organization, institution, or industry.

    • Synonyms:
    • subsidiary - auxiliary - subordinate - accessory
  73. concomitant
    • Adjective:
    • Naturally accompanying or associated.

    • Noun:
    • A phenomenon that naturally accompanies or follows something.

    • Synonyms:
    • adjective.  attendant - accompanyingnoun.  concurrent
  74. etiology
    • Noun:
    • The cause, set of causes, or manner of causation of a disease or condition.The causation of diseases and disorders as a subject of investigation.

    • Synonyms:
    • aetiology
  75. teleology
    • Noun:
    • The explanation of phenomena by the purpose they serve rather than by postulated causes.The doctrine of design and purpose in the material world.
  76. epistemology
    • Noun:
    • The theory of knowledge, esp. with regard to its methods, validity, and scope.
  77. periphrasis
    • Noun:
    • The use of indirect and circumlocutory speech or writing.An indirect and circumlocutory phrase.

    • Synonyms:
    • circumlocution
  78. obfuscate
    • Verb:
    • Render obscure, unclear, or unintelligible.Bewilder (someone).

    • Synonyms:
    • darken - obscure - confuse - cloud - dim - becloud
  79. neurosis
    • Noun:
    • A relatively mild mental illness that is not caused by organic disease, involving symptoms of stress (depression, anxiety) but not a...(in nontechnical use) Excessive and irrational anxiety or obsession.
  80. psychosis
    • Noun:
    • A severe mental disorder in which thought and emotions are so impaired that contact is lost with external reality.
  81. nescience
    • Web definitions:ignorantness:
    • ignorance (especially of orthodox beliefs).
  82. sophistry
    • Noun:
    • The use of fallacious arguments, esp. with the intention of deceiving.A fallacious argument.

    • Synonyms:
    • sophism - casuistry - sophistication
  83. candor
    • Noun:
    • The quality of being open and honest in expression; frankness.

    • Synonyms:
    • candour - frankness - sincerity - candidness - openness
  84. pluralism
    • Noun:
    • A condition or system in which two or more states, etc., coexist.A form of society in which minority groups maintain their independent cultural traditions.
  85. jaded
    • Adjective:
    • Tired, bored, or lacking enthusiasm, typically after having had too much of something.

    • Synonyms:
    • weary - tired - exhausted
  86. temporal
    • Adjective:
    • Relating to worldly as opposed to spiritual affairs; secular.Of or situated in the temples of the head.

    • Synonyms:
    • worldly - temporary - mundane - secular - earthly
  87. pejorative
    • Adjective:
    • Expressing contempt or disapproval.

    • Noun:
    • A word expressing contempt or disapproval.

    • Synonyms:
    • derogatory
  88. subsidiary
    • Adjective:
    • Less important than but related or supplementary to.

    • Noun:
    • A company controlled by a holding company.

    • Synonyms:adjective. 
    • ancillary - auxiliary - secondary - accessory

    Synonyms:noun.  helper - branch
  89. qualifying
    • Verb:
    • Be entitled to a particular benefit or privilege by fulfilling a necessary condition:  "we qualify for compensation".Become eligible for a competition or its final rounds, by reaching a certain standard or defeating a competitor.
  90. pedant
    • Noun:
    • A person who is excessively concerned with minor details and rules or with displaying academic learning.

    • Synonyms:
    • prig - stickler - precisian
  91. paternalism
    • Noun:
    • The policy or practice on the part of people in positions of authority of restricting the freedom and responsibilities of those subordin...
  92. parochial
    • Adjective:
    • Of or relating to a church parish.Having a limited or narrow outlook or scope.

    • Synonyms:
    • narrow - provincial - narrow-minded - parish
  93. burgeoning
    • Verb:
    • Begin to grow or increase rapidly; flourish:  "manufacturers are keen to cash in on the burgeoning demand".Put forth young shoots; bud.
  94. modicum
    • Noun:
    • A small quantity of a particular thing, esp. something considered desirable or valuable.

    • Synonyms:
    • trace
  95. surfeit
    • Noun:
    • An excessive amount of something:  "a surfeit of food and drink".

    • Verb:
    • Cause (someone) to desire no more of something as a result of having consumed or done it to excess.

    • Synonyms:noun. 
    • satiety - glut - excess - redundance

    • Synonyms:verb. 
    • overfeed - satiate
  96. extrinsic
    • Adjective:
    • Not part of the essential nature of someone or something; coming or operating from outside.(of a muscle, such as any of the eye muscles) Having its origin some distance from the part that it moves.

    • Synonyms:
    • outward - external - exterior - outside - outer
  97. nihilist
    • Web definitions:
    • someone who rejects all theories of morality or religious belief.
  98. coercive
    • Adjective:
    • Relating to or using force or threats:  "coercive measures".

    • Synonyms:
    • compulsive - compulsory - forced - forcible - compelling
  99. illusory
    • Adjective:
    • Based on illusion; not real:  "she knew the safety of her room was illusory".

    • Synonyms:
    • illusive - delusive - delusory - deceptive - unreal
  100. draconian
    • Adjective:
    • (of laws or their application) Excessively harsh and severe.
  101. facile
    • Adjective:
    • (esp. of a theory or argument) Appearing neat and comprehensive by ignoring the complexities of an issue; superficial.(of a person) Having a superficial or simplistic knowledge or approach.

    • Synonyms:
    • light
  102. viable
    • Adjective:
    • Capable of working successfully; feasible:  "the proposed investment was economically viable".(of a seed or spore) Able to germinate.
  103. miscreant
    • Noun:
    • A person who behaves badly or in a way that breaks the law.

    • Adjective:
    • (of a person) Behaving badly or breaking a law.

    • Synonyms:noun. 
    • villain - scoundrel - blackguard - rascal - rogue - knave

    • Synonyms:adjective. 
    • mean - vile - base
  104. sinister
    • Adjective:
    • Giving the impression that something harmful or evil is happening or will happen.Wicked or criminal.

    • Synonyms:
    • ominous - evil - portentous - baleful - inauspicious
  105. saccharine
    • Adjective:
    • Excessively sweet or sentimental.

    • Synonyms:
    • sugary
  106. scurrilous
    • Adjective:
    • Making or spreading scandalous claims about someone with the intention of damaging their reputation:  "a scurrilous attack".Humorously insulting.

    • Synonyms:
    • coarse - vulgar - rude - obscene - ribald - abusive
  107. secular
    • Adjective:
    • Denoting attitudes, activities, or other things that have no religious or spiritual basis:  "secular buildings".

    • Noun:
    • A secular priest.

    • Synonyms:adjective. 
    • profane - temporal - worldly - mundane - laicnoun.  layman - laic
  108. monolithic
    • Adjective:
    • Formed of a single large block of stone.(of a building) Very large and characterless.
  109. orthodox
    • Adjective:
    • (of a person or their views, esp. religious or political ones) Conforming to what is accepted as right or true:  "orthodox Hindus".(of a person) Not independent-minded; unoriginal:  "a relatively orthodox artist".
  110. fulsome
    • Adjective:
    • Complimentary or flattering to an excessive degree:  "they are almost embarrassingly fulsome in their appreciation".Of large size or quantity; generous or abundant.
  111. heretical
    • Web definitions:
    • dissident: characterized by departure from accepted beliefs or standards.
  112. jurisprudence
    • Noun:
    • The theory or philosophy of law.A legal system.

    • Synonyms:
    • law
  113. meritocracy
    • Noun:
    • Government or the holding of power by people selected on the basis of their ability.A society governed by such people.
  114. determinant
    • Noun:
    • A factor that decisively affects the nature or outcome of something.

    • Adjective:
    • Serving to determine or decide something.

    • Synonyms:noun. 
    • determinative

    • Synonyms:adjective. 
    • determinative - decisive
  115. oracle
    • Noun:
    • A priest or priestess acting as a medium through whom advice or prophecy was sought from the gods in classical antiquity.A place at which such advice or prophecy was sought.

    • Synonyms:
    • scripture
  116. facetious
    • Adjective:
    • Treating serious issues with deliberately inappropriate humor; flippant.

    • Synonyms:
    • jocose - humorous - jocular - waggish - comic - funny
  117. expeditious
    • Adjective:
    • Done with speed and efficiency.

    • Synonyms:
    • quick - fast - speedy - swift - rapid - prompt - hasty
  118. geomorphology
    • Noun:
    • The study of the physical features of the surface of the earth and their relation to its geological structures.
  119. Paleoseismology
    • Web definitions:
    • Paleoseismology looks at geologic sediments and rocks, for signs of ancient earthquakes. It is used to supplement seismic monitoring,...
  120. protean
    • Adjective:
    • Tending or able to change frequently or easily.Able to do many different things; versatile.

    • Synonyms:
    • changeable - inconstant - fickle
  121. herculean
    • Adjective:
    • Requiring great strength or effort:  "a Herculean task".(of a person) Muscular and strong.
  122. accrue
    • Verb:
    • (of sums of money or benefits) Be received by someone in regular or increasing amounts over time.Accumulate or receive (such payments or benefits).

    • Synonyms:
    • grow - increase
  123. seminal
    • Adjective:
    • (of a work, event, moment, or figure) Strongly influencing later developments.Of, relating to, or denoting semen.

    • Synonyms:
    • spermatic
  124. incipient
    • Adjective:
    • In an initial stage; beginning to happen or develop:  "incipient anger".(of a person) Developing into a specified type or role:  "incipient lovers".

    • Synonyms:
    • initial - inceptive - inchoate - primary - inchoative
  125. anterior
    • Adjective:
    • Nearer the front, esp. situated in the front of the body, or nearer to the head or forepart.(of a part of a flower or leaf) Situated further away from the main stem.
  126. homage
    • Noun:
    • Special honor or respect shown publicly.Formal public acknowledgment of feudal allegiance.

    • Synonyms:
    • obeisance - tribute - respect - honor - honour
  127. dilemma
    • Noun:
    • A situation in which a difficult choice has to be made between two or more alternatives, esp. equally undesirable ones.A difficult situation or problem.

    • Synonyms:
    • quandary - fix
  128. conundrum
    • Noun:
    • A confusing and difficult problem or question.A question asked for amusement, typically one with a pun in its answer; a riddle.

    • Synonyms:
    • riddle - puzzle - enigma - mystery
  129. trope
    • Noun:
    • A figurative or metaphorical use of a word or expression.

    Verb:Create a trope.

    • Synonyms:
    • metaphor
  130. subsume
    • Verb:
    • Include or absorb (something) in something else.
  131. fallacious
    • Web definitions:
    • containing or based on a fallacy; "fallacious reasoning"; "an unsound argument".
  132. alluring
    • Verb:
    • Powerfully attract or charm; tempt.
  133. sophomoric
    • Adjective:
    • Of, relating to, or characteristic of a sophomore.Pretentious or juvenile.
  134. utopian
    • Adjective:
    • Modeled on or aiming for a state in which everything is perfect; idealistic.

    • Noun:
    • An idealistic reformer.
  135. erudite
    • Adjective:
    • Having or showing great knowledge or learning.

    • Synonyms:
    • learned - scholarly - lettered - wise
  136. prosaic
    • Adjective:
    • Having the style or diction of prose; lacking poetic beauty.Commonplace; unromantic.

    • Synonyms:
    • prosy - pedestrian - matter-of-fact - prose
  137. ontology
    • Noun:
    • The branch of metaphysics dealing with the nature of being.
  138. vicarious
    • Adjective:
    • Experienced in the imagination through the feelings or actions of another person:  "vicarious pleasure".Acting or done for another:  "a vicarious atonement".

    • Synonyms:
    • vicarial
  139. specious
    • Adjective:
    • Superficially plausible, but actually wrong:  "a specious argument".Misleading in appearance, esp. misleadingly attractive:  "a specious appearance of novelty".
  140. provisional
    • Adjective:
    • Arranged or existing for the present, possibly to be changed later.

    • Noun:
    • A provisional postage stamp.

    • Synonyms:
    • temporary - interim - provisory - tentative - temporal
  141. temporary
    • Adjective:
    • Lasting for only a limited period of time; not permanent:  "a temporary job".

    • Noun:
    • A person employed on a temporary basis, typically an office worker who finds employment through an agency.

    • Synonyms:
    • provisional - interim - transitory - temporal - transient
  142. temporal
    • Adjective:
    • Relating to worldly as opposed to spiritual affairs; secular.Of or situated in the temples of the head.

    • Synonyms:
    • worldly - temporary - mundane - secular - earthly
  143. histrionic
    • Adjective:
    • Overly theatrical or melodramatic in character or style.

    • Noun:
    • Exaggerated dramatic behavior designed to attract attention.

    • Synonyms:
    • theatrical - scenic - dramatic - stagy - scenical
  144. ineluctable
    • Adjective:
    • Unable to be resisted or avoided; inescapable: "the ineluctable facts".

    • Synonyms:
    • inevitable - unavoidable - inescapable - shunless
  145. postulate
    • Verb:
    • Suggest or assume the existence, fact, or truth of (something) as a basis for reasoning, discussion, or belief.

    • Noun:
    • A thing suggested or assumed as true as the basis for reasoning, discussion, or belief.

    • Synonyms:
    • demand - require - claim - posit
  146. reification
    Web definitions:

    hypostatization: regarding something abstract as a material thing.

    • depersonalization:
    • representing a human being as a physical thing deprived of personal qualities or individuality; "according to Marx, treating labor as a commodity exemplified the reification of the individual"
  147. conjecture
    • Noun:
    • An opinion or conclusion formed on the basis of incomplete information.

    • Verb:
    • Form an opinion or supposition about (something) on the basis of incomplete information.

    • Synonyms:noun.  
    • guess - surmise - supposition - presumption - assumption

    • Synonyms:verb.  
    • guess - surmise - presume - suppose - assume - speculate
  148. heuristic
    • Adjective:
    • Enabling a person to discover or learn something for themselves.

    • Noun:
    • A heuristic process or method.
  149. modus operandi
    • Noun:
    • A particular way or method of doing something, esp. one that is characteristic or well-established.The way something operates or works.

    • Synonyms:
    • procedure
  150. milieu
    •  Noun:
    • A person's social environment: "a military milieu".

    • Synonyms:
    • environment - surroundings - ambience - setting - medium
  151. Stymied
    • Verb:
    • Prevent or hinder the progress of.
  152. stipulate
    • Verb:
    • Demand or specify (a requirement), typically as part of a bargain or agreement: "he stipulated certain conditions before their marriage".

    • Adjective:
    • (of a leaf or plant) Having stipules.Synonyms:provide - condition
  153. fait accompli
    •  Noun:
    • A thing that has already happened or been decided.
  154. litigation
    • Web definitions:
    • a legal proceeding in a court; a judicial contest to determine and enforce legal rights.
  155. legislation
    • Noun:
    • Laws.
  156. solace
    • Noun:
    • Comfort or consolation in a time of distress or sadness: "she sought solace in her religion".

    Verb:Give solace to.

    • Synonyms:noun.  
    • consolation - comfort - relief

    • Synonyms:verb.  
    • console - comfort - soothe
  157. stature
    • Noun:
    • A person's natural height: "she was small in stature".Importance or reputation gained by ability or achievement: "an architect of international stature".

    • Synonyms:
    • height - size - figure
  158. parity
    • Noun:
    • The state or condition of being equal, esp. regarding status or pay.The fact or condition of having borne children.

    • Synonyms:
    • equality - par - sameness
  159. senescence
    • Noun:
    • The condition or process of deterioration with age.Loss of a cell's power of division and growth.

    • Synonyms:
    • senility - old age - aging - ageing
  160. premise
    • Noun:
    • A previous statement or proposition from which another is inferred or follows as a conclusion.

    • Verb:
    • Base an argument, theory, or undertaking on: "the reforms were premised on our findings".

    • Synonyms:
    • prerequisite
  161. ironic
    • Adjective:
    • Using or characterized by irony.Happening in the opposite way to what is expected, thus typically causing wry amusement.

    • Synonyms:
    • ironical - derisive - quizzical
  162. paradoxical
    • Adjective:
    • Seemingly absurd or self-contradictory.
  163. definitive
    • Adjective:
    • (of a conclusion or agreement) Done or reached decisively and with authority: "a definitive diagnosis".

    • Noun:
    • A definitive postage stamp.

    • Synonyms:
    • final - conclusive - ultimate - decisive - determinate
  164. salient
    • Adjective:
    • Most noticeable or important: "the salient points of the case".

    • Noun:
    • A piece of land or section of fortification that juts out to form an angle.

    • Synonyms:
    • adjective.  prominent - outstanding - protrudingnoun.  salience - projection - protrusion
  165. ornate
    • Adjective:
    • Made in an intricate shape or decorated with complex patterns.(of literary style) Using unusual words and complex constructions.

    • Synonyms:
    • florid
  166. lucre
    • Noun:
    • Money, esp. when regarded as sordid or distasteful or gained in a dishonorable way.

    • Synonyms:
    • profit - gain - money - benefit
  167. affluent
    • Adjective:
    • (esp. of a group or area) Having a great deal of money; wealthy: "the affluent societies of the western world".

    • Noun:
    • A tributary stream.

    • Synonyms:adjective.  
    • rich - wealthy - opulent - abundant - copious - profusenoun.  tributary - influent - feeder - confluent - creek
  168. exploit
    • Verb:
    • Make full use of and derive benefit from (a resource): "500 companies sprang up to exploit this new technology".

    • Noun:
    • A bold or daring feat: "the most heroic and secretive exploits of the war".

    • Synonyms:
    • verb.  use - utilize - operate - milknoun.  feat - deed - achievement
  169. posterior
    • Adjective:
    • Further back in position; of or nearer the rear or hind end.

    Noun:A person's buttocks.

    • Synonyms:adjective.  
    • subsequent - hind - rear - back - after - ulteriornoun.  backside - rear - buttocks - rump - behind - bottom - bum
  170. peripheral
    • Adjective:
    • Of, relating to, or situated on the edge or periphery of something.

    • Noun:
    • A peripheral device.

    • Synonyms:adjective.  
    • circumferential - marginal

    • Synonyms:noun.  
    • peripheral device
  171. protean
    • Adjective:
    • Tending or able to change frequently or easily.Able to do many different things; versatile.

    • Synonyms:
    • changeable - inconstant - fickle
  172. pedant
    • Noun:
    • A person who is excessively concerned with minor details and rules or with displaying academic learning.

    • Synonyms:
    • prig - stickler - precisian
  173. quintessential
    • Adjective:
    • Representing the most perfect or typical example of a quality or class: "the quintessential tough guy".
  174. gestation
    • Noun:
    • The process of carrying or being carried in the womb between conception and birth.The duration of such a process.

    • Synonyms:
    • pregnancy
  175. hydrology
    • Noun:
    • The branch of science concerned with the properties of the earth's water, esp. its movement in relation to land.
  176. morphology
    • Noun:
    • The study of the forms of things, in particular.The branch of biology that deals with the form of living organisms, and with relationships between their structures.

    • Synonyms:
    • accidence
  177. watershed
    • Noun:
    • An area or ridge of land that separates waters flowing to different rivers, basins, or seas.An area or region drained by a river, river system, or other body of water.

    • Synonyms:
    • divide - water parting
  178. torn
    • Verb:
    • Pull or rip (something) apart or to pieces with force: "I tore up the letter".(of the eye) Produce tears.
  179. qualm
    • Noun:
    • An uneasy feeling of doubt, worry, or fear; a misgiving.A momentary faint or sick feeling.Synonyms:nausea - queasiness - scruple - compunction
  180. tepid
    • Adjective:
    • (esp. of a liquid) Only slightly warm; lukewarm.Showing little enthusiasm: "tepid applause".

    • Synonyms:
    • lukewarm - warmish
  181. fervent
    • Adjective:
    • Having or displaying a passionate intensity.

    • Synonyms:
    • ardent - hot - passionate - fervid - fiery - torrid
  182. prowess
    • Noun:
    • Skill or expertise in an activity or field.Bravery in battle.

    • Synonyms:
    • valor - gallantry - valour - bravery - courage - heroism
  183. obeisance
    • Noun:
    • Deferential respect: "they paid obeisance to the prince".A gesture expressing deferential respect, such as a bow or curtsy.

    • Synonyms:
    • reverence - homage - respect - bow - curtsey - curtsy
  184. consensus
    • Noun:
    • General agreement.

    • Synonyms:
    • accord - agreement - unanimity
  185. technocrat
    • Noun:
    • An exponent or advocate of technocracy.A member of a technically skilled elite.
  186. taxonomist
    • Web definitions:
    • a biologist who specializes in the classification of organisms into groups on the basis of their structure and origin and behavior.
  187. ameliorate
    • Verb:
    • Make (something bad or unsatisfactory) better.

    • Synonyms:
    • improve - meliorate - better - mend - amend - reform
  188. attenuate
    • Verb:
    • Reduce the force, effect, or value of: "her intolerance was attenuated by an unexpected liberalism".Reduce the amplitude of (a signal, electric current, or other oscillation).

    • Synonyms:
    • dilute - weaken - thin - reduce - extenuate - rarefy
  189. idyllic
    • Adjective:
    • (esp. of a time or place) Like an idyll; extremely happy, peaceful, or picturesque: "an idyllic setting".

    • Synonyms:
    • pastoral
  190. pastoral
    • Adjective:
    • (esp. of land or a farm) Used for or related to the keeping or grazing of sheep or cattle.

    Noun:A work of literature portraying an idealized version of country life.

    Synonyms:adjective.  bucolicnoun.  pastorale
  191. conscription
    • Noun:
    • Compulsory enlistment for state service, typically into the military.

    • Synonyms:
    • recruitment - draft - levy
  192. authoritarianism
    • Web definitions:
    • dictatorship: a form of government in which the ruler is an absolute dictator (not restricted by a constitution or laws or opposition etc.).
  193. qualification
    • Noun:
    • A quality or accomplishment that makes someone suitable for a particular job or activity.The action or fact of becoming qualified as a practitioner of a particular profession or activity.

    • Synonyms:
    • reservation
  194. circumscribe
    • Verb:
    • Restrict (something) within limits: "their movements were strictly monitored and circumscribed".Draw (a figure) around another, touching it at points but not cutting it.

    • Synonyms:
    • restrict - limit - bound - delimit - define
  195. sanctioning
    • Verb:
    • Give official permission or approval for (an action).Impose a sanction or penalty on.
  196. dilapidated
    • Adjective:
    • (of a building or object) In a state of disrepair or ruin as a result of age or neglect.

    • Synonyms:
    • ramshackle - decrepit - tumbledown - ruinous
  197. deluge
    •  Noun:
    • A severe flood.

    • Verb:
    • Inundate with a great quantity of something.

    • Synonyms:noun. 
    • flood - inundation - spate - flooding - cataclysm

    • Synonyms:verb.  
    • flood - inundate - overflow - swamp - drown - overwhelm
  198. sclerotic
    • Adjective:
    • Of or having sclerosis.Becoming rigid and unresponsive; losing the ability to adapt: "sclerotic management".

    • Synonyms:
    • sclerous
  199. fret
    • Verb:
    • Be constantly or visibly anxious.Decorate with fretwork: "intricately carved and fretted balustrades".Provide (a stringed instrument) with frets.

    • Noun:
    • A repeating ornamental design of interlaced vertical and horizontal lines, such as the Greek key pattern.Each of a sequence of bars or ridges on the fingerboard of some stringed musical instruments (such as the guitar), used for fixing the...

    • Synonyms:
    • worry - chafe
  200. imperils
    • Verb:
    • Put at risk of being harmed, injured, or destroyed.
  201. umpire
    • Noun:
    • (in some sports) An official who watches a game or match closely to enforce the rules and arbitrate on matters arising from the play.

    • Verb:
    • Act as an umpire.

    • Synonyms:noun.  
    • referee - judge - arbiter - arbitrator

    • Synonyms:verb.  
    • referee - arbitrate - judge - adjudicate
  202. malaise
    • Noun:
    • A general feeling of discomfort, illness, or uneasiness whose exact cause is difficult to identify.

    • Synonyms:
    • discomfort - indisposition - ailment
  203. hamper
    • Noun:
    • A lidded basket for laundry.Necessary but cumbersome equipment on a ship.

    • Verb:
    • Hinder or impede the movement or progress of.

    • Synonyms:noun.  
    • basket - pannier

    • Synonyms:verb.  
    • hinder - impede - obstruct - encumber - trammel - prevent
  204. deplorable
    • Adjective:
    • Deserving strong condemnation.Shockingly bad in quality.

    • Synonyms:
    • lamentable - sad - regrettable - miserable - pitiable
  205. dinghy
    • Noun:
    • A small boat for recreation or racing, esp. an open boat with a mast and sails.A small, inflatable rubber boat.

    • Synonyms:
    • dingey - boat - skiff
  206. derelict
    • Adjective:
    • In a very poor condition as a result of disuse and neglect.

    • Noun:
    • A person without a home, job, or property.

    • Synonyms:
    • abandoned - forlorn - desolate - forsaken - deserted
  207. hellenic
    • Adjective:
    • Greek.

    • Noun:
    • The branch of the Indo-European language family comprising classical and modern Greek.
  208. elysian
    • Adjective:
    • Of, relating to, or characteristic of heaven or paradise: "Elysian visions".
  209. semitic
    • Adjective:
    • Relating to or denoting a family of languages that includes Hebrew, Arabic, and Aramaic and certain ancient languages such as Phoenician...Of or relating to the peoples who speak these languages, esp. Hebrew and Arabic.
  210. dichotomy
    • Noun:
    • A division or contrast between two things that are or are represented as being opposed or entirely different.Repeated branching into two equal parts.
  211. dialectic
    • Noun:
    • The art of investigating or discussing the truth of opinions.

    • Adjective:
    • Of or relating to dialectic or dialectics; dialectical.

    • Synonyms:noun.  
    • dialectics

    • Synonyms:adjective.  
    • dialectical
  212. ascribe
    • Verb:
    • Attribute something to (a cause): "he ascribed Jane's short temper to her upset stomach".Attribute (a text, quotation, or work of art) to a particular person or period: "a quotation ascribed to Thomas Cooper".

    • Synonyms:
    • attribute - impute - accredit - credit - refer
  213. attribute
    • Verb:
    • Regard something as being caused by: "he attributed the firm's success to the managing director".

    • Noun:
    • A quality or feature regarded as a characteristic or inherent part of someone or something.

    Synonyms:verb.  ascribe - impute - accredit - refer - credit - attach

    • Synonyms:noun.  
    • quality - property - characteristic - trait - feature
  214. arrogate
    • Verb:
    • Take or claim (something) for oneself without justification.

    • Synonyms:
    • usurp - appropriate - assume
  215. assess
    • Verb:
    • Evaluate or estimate the nature, ability, or quality of: "the committee must assess the relative importance of the issues".Calculate or estimate the price or value of: "the damage was assessed at $5 billion".

    • Synonyms:
    • appraise - evaluate - estimate - rate - value - judge
  216. evocative
    • Adjective:
    • Bringing strong images, memories, or feelings to mind.
  217. enigmatic
    • Adjective:
    • Difficult to interpret or understand; mysterious.

    • Synonyms:
    • mysterious - enigmatical - inscrutable - puzzling
  218. discordant
    • Adjective:
    • Disagreeing or incongruous.Characterized by quarreling and conflict.

    • Synonyms:
    • dissonant - inconsistent
  219. solecism
    • Noun:
    • A grammatical mistake in speech or writing.A breach of good manners; a piece of incorrect behavior.
  220. cliche
    • Web definitions:
    • platitude: a trite or obvious remark.
  221. trite
    • Adjective:
    • (of a remark, opinion, or idea) Overused and consequently of little import; lacking originality or freshness.

    • Synonyms:
    • hackneyed - banal - commonplace - trivial - threadbare
  222. malapropism
    • Web definitions:
    • the unintentional misuse of a word by confusion with one that sounds similar.
  223. modicum
    • Noun:
    • A small quantity of a particular thing, esp. something considered desirable or valuable.

    • Synonyms:
    • trace
  224. myriad
    • Noun:
    • A countless or extremely great number.

    • Adjective:
    • Countless or extremely great in number.

    • Synonyms:noun.  
    • multitude

    • Synonyms:adjective.  
    • innumerable - countless - numberless - uncounted
  225. countenance
    • Noun:
    • A person's face or facial expression.

    • Verb:
    • Admit as acceptable or possible.

    • Synonyms:noun.  
    • face - visage - look - expression - mien - aspect

    • Synonyms:verb.  
    • support - favour - favor - uphold - tolerate
  226. juxtapose
    • Verb:
    • Place or deal with close together for contrasting effect: "black-and-white photos were juxtaposed with color images".
  227. confound
    • Verb:
    • Cause surprise or confusion in (someone), esp. by acting against their expectations.

    • Exclamation:
    • Used to express anger or annoyance: "oh, confound it, where is the thing?".

    • Synonyms:
    • confuse - perplex - disconcert - baffle - puzzle
  228. metaphysics
    • Noun:
    • The branch of philosophy that deals with the first principles of things, including abstract concepts such as being, knowing, cause,...Abstract theory or talk with no basis in reality.
  229. ethnocentrism
    • Web definitions:
    • belief in the superiority of one's own ethnic group.
  230. hegemony
    • Noun:
    • Leadership or dominance, esp. by one country or social group.
  231. idiom
    • Noun:
    • A group of words established by usage as having a meaning not deducible from those of the individual words (e.g., raining cats and...A form of expression natural to a language, person, or group of people: "he had a feeling for phrase and idiom".

    • Synonyms:
    • dialect - speech - locution - language - phrase
  232. etymology
    • Noun:
    • The study of the origin of words and the way in which their meanings have changed throughout history.The origin of a word and the historical development of its meaning.
  233. technophile
    • Noun:
    • A person who is enthusiastic about new technology.
  234. libertarianism
    • Noun:
    • An extreme laissez-faire political philosophy advocating only minimal state intervention in the lives of citizens.
  235. neophyte
    • Noun:
    • A person who is new to a subject, skill, or belief.A new convert to a religion.

    • Synonyms:
    • novice - tiro - tyro - beginner
  236. insidious
    • Adjective:
    • Proceeding in a gradual, subtle way, but with harmful effects: "the insidious effects of stress".Treacherous; crafty: "an insidious alliance".

    • Synonyms:
    • sly - treacherous - guileful - crafty - perfidious
  237. ostensibly
    • Adverb:
    • Apparently or purportedly, but perhaps not actually: "portrayed as a blue-collar type, ostensibly a carpenter".

    • Synonyms:
    • seemingly - apparently
  238. cosmopolitan
    • Adjective:
    • Familiar with and at ease in many different countries and cultures.

    • Noun:
    • A cosmopolitan person.

    • Synonyms:adjective.  
    • cosmopolite

    • Synonyms:noun.  
    • cosmopolite
  239. egalitarian
    • Adjective:
    • Of, relating to, or believing in the principle that all people are equal and deserve equal rights and opportunities.

    • Noun:
    • A person who advocates or supports such a principle.
  240. elitist
    • Noun:
    • A person who believes that a system or society should be ruled or dominated by an elite.

    • Adjective:
    • Favoring, advocating, or restricted to an elite.
  241. lingua franca
    • Noun:
    • A language that is adopted as a common language between speakers whose native languages are different.A mixture of Italian with French, Greek, Arabic, and Spanish, formerly used in the Levant.
  242. lexicon
    • Noun:
    • The vocabulary of a person, language, or branch of knowledge.A dictionary, esp. of Greek, Hebrew, Syriac, or Arabic: "a Greek–Latin lexicon".

    • Synonyms:
    • dictionary - vocabulary - wordbook - thesaurus - glossary
  243. maverick
    • Noun:
    • An unorthodox or independent-minded person.

    • Adjective:
    • Unorthodox.
  244. parvenu
    • Noun:
    • A person of obscure origin who has gained wealth, influence, or celebrity.

    • Adjective:
    • Having recently achieved, or associated with someone who has recently achieved wealth, influence, or celebrity despite obscure origins.

    • Synonyms:
    • nouveau riche - vulgarian
  245. interloper
    • Noun:
    • A person who becomes involved in a place or situation where they are not wanted or are considered not to belong.

    • Synonyms:
    • intruder
  246. dilettante
    • Noun:
    • A person who claims an area of interest, such as the arts, without real commitment or knowledge.A person with an amateur interest in the arts.

    • Synonyms:
    • dabbler
  247. contentious
    • Adjective:
    • Causing or likely to cause an argument; controversial.Involving heated argument.

    • Synonyms:
    • quarrelsome - controversial - moot - litigious
  248. relegate
    • Verb:
    • Consign or dismiss to an inferior rank or position.

    • Synonyms:
    • banish - exile - deport
  249. refute
    • Verb:
    • Prove (a statement or theory) to be wrong or false; disprove.Prove that (someone) is wrong.

    • Synonyms:
    • rebut - confute - disprove - deny - negative - contradict
  250. travesty
    • Noun:
    • A false, absurd, or distorted representation of something.

    • Verb:
    • Represent in such a way.

    • Synonyms:noun.  
    • parody - mockery - burlesque - skit - spoof - caricature

    • Synonyms:verb.  
    • parody - burlesque
  251. caricature
    • Noun:
    • A picture, description, or imitation of a person or thing in which certain characteristics are exaggerated to create a comic or grotesqu...

    • Verb:
    • Make or give a comically or grotesquely exaggerated representation of (someone or something).

    • Synonyms:noun.  
    • cartoon - take-off - travesty - burlesque

    • Synonyms:verb.  
    • cartoon - travesty
  252. parody
    • Noun:
    • An imitation of the style of a particular writer, artist, or genre with deliberate exaggeration for comic effect.

    • Verb:
    • Produce a humorously exaggerated imitation of (a writer, artist, or genre).

    • Synonyms:noun.  
    • travesty - skit - burlesque - spoof - mockery - send-up

    • Synonyms:verb.  
    • travesty - mimic - burlesque - mock
  253. eponym
    • Noun:
    • A person after whom a discovery, invention, place, etc., is named.A name or noun formed in such a way.
  254. colloquialism
    • Noun:
    • A word or phrase that is not formal or literary, typically one used in ordinary or familiar conversation.The use of such words or phrases.
  255. bigotry
    • Noun:
    • Bigoted attitudes; intolerance toward those who hold different opinions from oneself.

    • Synonyms:
    • zealotry - fanaticism
  256. semantic
    • Adjective:
    • Relating to meaning in language or logic.
  257. derision
    • Noun:
    • Contemptuous ridicule or mockery.

    • Synonyms:
    • mockery - ridicule - scoff - taunt - gibe - jeer - mock
    • Noun:
    • A flattering or pleasing statement or action used to persuade someone gently to do something.
  258. Synonyms:
    flattery - cajolery - blarney - cajolement - adulation
  259. inure
    • Verb:
    • Accustom (someone) to something, esp. something unpleasant.Come into operation; take effect: "a release given to one of two joint contractors inures to the benefit of both".

    • Synonyms:
    • accustom - habituate - enure
  260. pacify
    • Verb:
    • Quell the anger, agitation, or excitement of.Bring peace to (a country or warring factions), esp. by the use or threatened use of military force.

    • Synonyms:
    • appease - calm - soothe - placate - mollify - lull
  261. assuage
    • Verb:
    • Make (an unpleasant feeling) less intense: "the letter assuaged the fears of most members".Satisfy (an appetite or desire): "an opportunity occurred to assuage her desire for knowledge".

    • Synonyms:
    • soothe - appease - allay - pacify - mitigate - calm
  262. alleviate
    • Verb:
    • Make (suffering, deficiency, or a problem) less severe.

    • Synonyms:
    • relieve - mitigate - ease - soothe - palliate - allay
  263. obviate
    • Verb:
    • Remove (a need or difficulty): "the Venetian blinds obviated the need for curtains".Avoid; prevent: "a parachute can obviate disaster".

    • Synonyms:
    • avoid - prevent - evade - avert - eliminate - preclude
  264. palliate
    • Verb:
    • Make (a disease or its symptoms) less severe or unpleasant without removing the cause.Allay or moderate (fears or suspicions).

    • Synonyms:
    • mitigate - soothe - alleviate - ease - relieve - allay
  265. precursor
    • Noun:
    • A person or thing that comes before another of the same kind; a forerunner.A substance from which another is formed, esp. by metabolic reaction.

    • Synonyms:
    • forerunner - harbinger - predecessor - herald
  266. analog
    • Noun:
    • A person or thing seen as comparable to another.

    • Adjective:
    • Relating to or using signals or information represented by a continuously variable physical quantity such as spatial position or voltage.

    • Synonyms:noun.  
    • analogue

    • Synonyms:adjective.  
    • analogical - analogue
  267. effulgent
    • Adjective:
    • Shining brightly; radiant.(of a person or expression) Emanating joy or goodness.

    • Synonyms:
    • radiant - brilliant - resplendent - luminous - shining
  268. decry
    • Verb:
    • Publicly denounce: "they decried human rights abuses".

    • Synonyms:
    • condemn - disparage - censure
  269. absolve
    • Verb:
    • Declare (someone) free from blame, guilt, or responsibility.Give absolution for (a sin).

    • Synonyms:
    • pardon - acquit - forgive - excuse - remit - exonerate
  270. predicate
    • Noun:
    • The part of a sentence or clause containing a verb and stating something about the subject (e.g., went home in John went...

    • Verb:
    • State, affirm, or assert (something) about the subject of a sentence or an argument of proposition.

    • Synonyms:
    • affirm - assert - allege - aver - maintain - declare
  271. hypostatize
    • Verb:
    • Treat or represent (something abstract) as a concrete reality.

    • Synonyms:
    • reify
  272. scant
    • Adjective:
    • Barely sufficient or adequate.

    • Verb:
    • Provide grudgingly or in insufficient amounts.

    • Synonyms:adjective.  
    • scanty - meager - scarce - meagre - spare - skimpy - poor

    • Synonyms:verb.  
    • stint - scrimp - skimp
  273. stint
    • Verb:
    • Supply an ungenerous or inadequate amount of (something): "stowage room hasn't been stinted".

    • Noun:
    • A person's fixed or allotted period of work: "his varied career included a stint as a magician".A small short-legged sandpiper (genus Calidris) of northern Eurasia and Alaska, with a brownish back and white underparts.

    • Synonyms:verb.  
    • limit - restrict - scrimp - confine - skimp - scant

    • Synonyms:noun.  
    • limitation - restriction - restraint - confinement
  274. presuppose
    • Verb:
    • (of an action, process, or argument) Require as a precondition of possibility or coherence.Tacitly assume at the beginning of a line of argument or course of action that something is the case.

    • Synonyms:
    • suppose - assume - presume - surmise
  275. neologism
    • Noun:
    • A newly coined word or expression.The coining or use of new words.

    • Synonyms:
    • neology - modernism
  276. primordial
    • Adjective:
    • Existing at or from the beginning of time; primeval.(esp. of a state or quality) Basic and fundamental.

    • Synonyms:
    • primary - primitive - primeval - original - primal
  277. hobson's choice
    • Noun:
    • A choice of taking what is available or nothing at all.
  278. occam's razor
    The principle (attributed to William of Occam) that in explaining a thing no more assumptions should be made than are necessary.
  279. ostracize
    • Verb:
    • Exclude (someone) from a society or group.(in ancient Athens) Banish (an unpopular or too powerful citizen) from a city for five or ten years by popular vote.

    • Synonyms:
    • banish - proscribe - exile
  280. benighted
    • Adjective:
    • In a state of pitiful or contemptible intellectual or moral ignorance, typically owing to a lack of opportunity.Overtaken by darkness.

    • Synonyms:
    • ignorant
  281. tentative
    • Adjective:
    • Not certain or fixed; provisional: "a tentative conclusion".Done without confidence; hesitant: "tentative steps".

    • Synonyms:
    • experimental - provisional - trial - probationary
  282. inductive
    • Adjective:
    • Characterized by the inference of general laws from particular instances; logical: "inductive reasoning".Of, relating to, or caused by electric or magnetic induction
  283. corroborate
    • Verb:
    • Confirm or give support to (a statement, theory, or finding).

    • Synonyms:
    • confirm - bear out - affirm - verify - support - certify
  284. conclusive
    • Adjective:
    • (of evidence or argument) Serving to prove a case; convincing.(of a victory) Achieved easily or by a large margin.

    • Synonyms:
    • decisive - final - definitive - convincing - persuasive
  285. deduction
    • Noun:
    • The action of deducting or subtracting something.An amount that is or may be deducted from something, esp. from taxable income or tax to be paid.

    • Synonyms:
    • inference - subtraction - conclusion - discount
  286. deductive
    • Adjective:
    • Characterized by the inference of particular instances from a general law.Based on reason and logical analysis of available facts: "I used my deductive powers".
  287. ratiocination
    • Web definitions:
    • conclusion: the proposition arrived at by logical reasoning (such as the proposition that must follow from the major and minor premises...
  288. refute
    • Verb:
    • Prove (a statement or theory) to be wrong or false; disprove.Prove that (someone) is wrong.

    • Synonyms:
    • rebut - confute - disprove - deny - negative - contradict
  289. substantiate
    • Verb:
    • Provide evidence to support or prove the truth of.

    • Synonyms:
    • prove - corroborate - confirm - verify - establish
  290. ineffectual
    • Adjective:
    • Not producing any or the desired effect: "an ineffectual campaign".(of a person) Lacking the ability or qualities to cope with a role or situation: "an ineffectual parent".

    • Synonyms:
    • ineffective - inefficient - useless - inefficacious
  291. typology
    • Noun:
    • A classification according to general type, esp. in archaeology, psychology, or the social sciences.Study or analysis using such classification.
  292. parlance
    • Noun:
    • A particular way of speaking or using words, esp. a way common to those with a particular job or interest.

    • Synonyms:
    • speech - language - tongue
  293. antiquated
    • Adjective:
    • Old-fashioned or outdated.

    • Synonyms:
    • obsolete - out-of-date - old-fashioned - outdated
  294. ethos
    • Noun:
    • The characteristic spirit of a culture, era, or community as seen in its beliefs and aspirations.

    • Synonyms:
    • character
  295. subliminal
    • Adjective:
    • (of a stimulus or mental process) Below the threshold of sensation or consciousness; perceived by or affecting someone's mind without...

    • Synonyms:
    • subconscious
  296. sublime
    • Adjective:
    • Of such excellence, grandeur, or beauty as to inspire great admiration or awe: "ranging from the sublime to the ridiculous".

    • Verb:
    • (of a solid substance) Change directly into vapor when heated, typically forming a solid deposit again on cooling.

    • Synonyms:adjective.  
    • lofty - grand - noble - exalted - elevated - stately

    • Synonyms:verb.  
    • sublimate
  297. terra incognita
    • Noun:
    • Unknown or unexplored territory.
  298. omniscient
    • Adjective:
    • Knowing everything.
  299. abstruse
    • Adjective:
    • Difficult to understand; obscure.

    • Synonyms:
    • obscure - recondite - deep - profound
  300. radical
    • Adjective:
    • (esp. of change or action) Relating to or affecting the fundamental nature of something; far-reaching or thorough.

    • Noun:
    • A person who advocates thorough or complete political or social reform.

    • Synonyms:adjective.  
    • fundamental - drastic

    • Synonyms:noun.  
    • root - radix
  301. preordained
    • Verb:
    • Decide or determine (an outcome or course of action) beforehand.
  302. didactic
    • Adjective:
    • Intended to teach, particularly in having moral instruction as an ulterior motive.In the manner of a teacher, particularly so as to treat someone in a patronizing way.

    • Synonyms:
    • instructive
  303. sententious
    • Adjective:
    • Given to moralizing in a pompous or affected manner.
  304. prescribe
    • Verb:
    • (of a medical practitioner) Advise and authorize the use of (a medicine or treatment) for someone, esp. in writing.Recommend (a substance or action) as something beneficial.

    • Synonyms:
    • order - ordain - enjoin - appoint - dictate - direct
  305. proscribe
    • Verb:
    • Forbid, esp. by law.Denounce or condemn.

    • Synonyms:
    • outlaw - ban - forbid - prohibit - banish - interdict
  306. syncretic
    • Web definitions:
    • relating to a historical tendency for a language to reduce its use of inflections; "modern English is a syncretic language".
  307. doctrinaire
    • Adjective:
    • Seeking to impose a doctrine in all circumstances without regard to practical considerations: "a doctrinaire socialist".

    • Synonyms:
    • doctrinarian
  308. dovetail
    • Noun:
    • A joint formed by one or more tapered projections (tenons) on one piece that interlock with corresponding notches or recesses (mortises)...

    • Verb:
    • Join together by means of a dovetail.

    • Synonyms:
    • swallowtail
  309. conflate
    • Verb:
    • Combine (two or more texts, ideas, etc.) into one: "the urban crisis conflates a number of different economic and social issues".

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview