GCSE Geography

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Author:
ghoran
ID:
166525
Filename:
GCSE Geography
Updated:
2012-08-25 03:39:38
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urban change part four general
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revision
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  1. urban areas include 
    towns and cities 
  2. rural areas include
    villages and places in the countryside 
  3. urbanisation 
    an increase in the % of people living in a country living in towns and cities 
  4. urban growth
    individual towns or cities growing 
  5. the world is becoming more ..... , with more people now living in ...... and .... than in ...... (......) areas . the approx figures are ..... billion urban : ....... billion rurual 
    • urbanised
    • towns 
    • cities 
    • rural 
    • countryside 
    • 4
    • 3
  6. prior to the 1980's it was ...... countries that had most people living in urban areas but then it changed , and now it is clearly ....... countries that have most urban people 
    • developed
    • developing 
  7. rapid urbanisation is occuring in 
    developing countries 
  8. morph/morphology 
    the shape of things 
  9. urban morphology
    the term used to describe the structure/pattern of cities , when viewed from above 
  10. differernt land uses tend to group together to give 
    distinctive urban zones 
  11. land use 
    what purpose land is actually used for e.g. shops , houses ,  factories , open space etc 
  12. urban zone 
    an area of a town or city where they type of land use is mostly all the same e.g. all housing or all factories etc
  13. most developing world cities have ..... urban zones 
    5
  14. most developed world cities have ..... urban zones
    3
  15. what is land use 
    land use means the function of the land i.e. what purpose the land in a particular area is used for 
  16. in rural areas common land uses are often 
    farming and forestry 
  17. in urban areas common land uses are often 
    housing or retail (shops) or warehouses/officies/services (business/industry)
  18. in developed cities land values .... towards the city centre so buildings become :
    • increase 
    • higher as it is cheaper to build upwards than outwards as it uses less land 
  19. typical UK towns/cities tend to have ..... different areas , or zones of different land use . When looked from above they have ..... urban .....
    • 3
    • zones
  20. urban zones
    an area of a town/city where the land uses are mostly all the same e.g. mostly all houses and shops 
  21. The 3 UK urban zones are
    • CBD (central business district) 
    • inner city 
    • suburbs (often split into inner and outer suburbs)
    • beyond the outer suburb is the rurual urban fringe , where the city merges with the surrounding countryside 
  22. the developed city urban zones are 
    • CBD (central business district) 
    • inner city 
    • suburbs (often split into inner and outer suburbs)
    • beyond the outer suburb is the rurual urban fringe , where the city merges with the surrounding countryside 
  23. megacities
    these are urban areas with more than 10m inhabitants 
  24. millionaire cities
    urban areas of more than 1m inhabitants 
  25. give examples of megacities
    • Jakarta
    • Mexico City 
    • Sao Paulo 
    • New York
  26. give examples of millionaire cities
    • London
    • Paris 
  27. in 1950 .....% of the urban population was in developed nations
    86
  28. in 1950 .... % of the urban population was in devloping nations
    14
  29. in 2005 .....% of the urban population was in developed nations 
    37
  30. in 2005 .....% of the urban population was in developing nations
    63

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