GCSE Geography

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Author:
ghoran
ID:
166528
Filename:
GCSE Geography
Updated:
2012-08-21 08:37:49
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urban change part two general
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revision
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  1. name the following zones :
    1) red zone 
    2) light green zone
    3) dark green zone 
    4) purple zone 
    5) orange zone 
    6) yellow zone 
    shown on the urban zone model below 
    • red zone = CBD 
    • light green zone = cheap and medium priced old housing 
    • dark green zone = modern factories 
    • orange zone = expensive housing
    • purple zone = squatter settlements
    • yellow zone = high quality commercial spine developments 
  2. is this urban zone model a model of a developed city or developing city
    developing city
  3. what are the similarities in layout between a developed city and a developing city
    both have a CBD in the centre surrounded by older settlements 
  4. what are the differences in layout between a developed city and developing city (6)
    • the layout of developing world cities is much less regular than that of a developed world city
    • land uses are less well-segregated for two main reasons:
    • - planning controls are much weaker 
    • - explosive growth has meant that newcomers take over any unused land for their homes . These people are called squatters ; squatter settlements consist of slum housing , which grows into shanty towns wherever there is enough land unused land within the city , or outside if not 
    • the layout of developing cities therefor varys from city to city 
    • unlike developed cities , developing cities have wedges 
    • in developed cities the futher away from the CBD you are the more expensive the housing , however in developing cities expenisve housing from the edge of the CBD outwards in a wedge to the rural-urban fringe
  5. examples of developing cities include
    • Nairobi , Kenya , Africa 
    • New Delhi , India , Asia 
    • Rio de Janiero , Brazil , South America
  6. the squatter settlements zone in a developing city is the zone which is most different to a zone in the same position in a developing city because
    in a devloped city this zone contains expensive housing as it is further away from the CBD . Despite this zone still being further away from the CBD in many parts of a developing city , this zone is where the illegal shanty towns have developed , which is the cheapest housing .
  7. In developing cities this squatter settlements zone ..... ..... other  ..... such as the cheap and medium priced old priced housing
    • splits up 
    • zones
  8. the ...... ...... zone in a developing cities tends to follow a river or railway towards the CBD
    squatter settlements zone
  9. . In developed cities zones do not tend to split up others or be split up by others as they do in developing cities . An example of zones being split up by other zones in developing zones includes the
    expensive housing zone and modern factories zone splitting up the squatter settlements zone
  10. a squatter settlement is a
    group of homes built illegally on land that is not owned by people living there
  11. squatter settlements develop because
    there is a lot of extreme poverty in developing cities and people are left to fend for themselves without financial support from the government .  The main reason why there is so much poverty is because there has been rapid urbanisation in developing countries due to a lack of job opportunities in the countryside , so people have moved to the city for jobs in the CBD where there are very low paid jobs such as shoe cleaning , but even this is better than nothing , howver it still means that people can not afford to buy or rent houses so decide to build their own but can not afford the materials needed to build the house so they use any scraps of material that they can find .
  12. what are the differences in land use between a developed city and developing city (4)
    • in developing cities some of the land is used for modern factories , however in developed cities the factories are located in the inner city which tends to be run down therefor the factories are old and sometimes abandodned
    • in developed cities some land has no use , especially in inner cities , there is derelict land around sidings , unused docks and canals ; in developing cities there is no spare land , any spare land is used for illegal squatter settlements 
    • only developing cities have slums 
    • rich houses in developing countries are in a wedge , in developed cities howver they are in the outer suburbs 
  13. what are the similarities in land use between a developed city and developing city
    both have new and old housing and industry/factories
  14. name the zones shown on the image below 
    • a) CBD 
    • b) inner city 
    • c) inner suburbs 
    • d) outer suburbs 
    • e) rural urban fringe
  15. The CBD is located
    in the centre of the urban area , around the historical core - in many cities this is a cathedral or castle
  16. (developed city) the main difference between the CBD and other urban zones is that
    few people live in the CBD
  17. (developed city) The CBD is the most ..... location where .... meet. It has the main ..... ....
    • accesible 
    • roads
    • railway stations
  18. (developed city) The CBD is the main place of work by day , which leads to
    traffic congestion especially in rush hour
  19. (developed city) the CBD has ... land values , rents and rates. (............................).......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
    • high 
    • (which helps explain the many tall buildings built close together) . There is a lot of competition for space .
  20. (developed city) the CBD has the widest variety of :
    goods on sale
  21. the CBD has the largest :
    offices and shops , including department stores
  22. (developed  city) from a distance away it is often easy to pick out teh CBD by its :
    concentration of skyscrapers and other tall buildings
  23. (developed city) the inner city is an area of .... ..... and ..... suffering from urban .... . It is a zone of ..... land use
    • old housing 
    • industry 
    • decay 
    • mixed
  24. (developed city) the inner city has old ..... ..... .... houses , some ..... or .... storeys ..... high and including basements and attics ; these are often let out as .... and ..... ....
    • high density terraced
    • 3
    • 4
    • flats 
    • badly maintained
  25. (developed city) the inner city has sometimes old and abandoned :
    factories and warehouses
  26. (developed city) the inner city has areas of ..... .... around railway sidings , unused docks and canals
    derelict land
  27. (developed city) what is the land use in the inner city
    • 19th century terraced housing 
    • industry
    • main roads 
    • canals 
    • railways
  28. (developed city) in the inner city the houses are mainly ..... and ......
    • private
    • rented
  29. (developed city) what type of people live in the inner city
    mainly ethnic minorities , students , older people and unemployed
  30. (developed city) there are few .... in the inner city 
    amneties 
  31. (developed city) in the inner city the housing is built in :
    long straight roads 
  32. (developed city) the inner city has .... ... ... many of which were built in the 1960's 
    high rise flats 
  33. (developed city) the main difference between the inner city and other urban zones is its 
    generally run down appearance 
  34. (developed city) the inner city has pockets of smart new developments , in many cities around ..... ..... such as the London ..... , Albert ..... in Liverpool and the Salford Quays in Greater Manchester
    • old docks 
    • Docklands
    • Docks
  35. (developed city) what type of housing is likely to be closer to the edge of the city explain your answer
    detatched because the density of the land here in the outer suburbs is lower than in any other zone of the city do there is mors space for larger homes with garages and larger gardens . Land is also cheaper in the outher suburbs so houses cam be built outwards (instead of upwards providing detached houses rather than high rise flates) at a lower cost than in any other zone of the city
  36. functional parts of a settlement
    purpose of that areas e.g. residential , industrial , port area
  37. function of a settlement
    what it does , why its there e.g capital city , port , industrial centre
  38. (developed city) the most expensive housing is in the ..... .... , where the ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    • outer suburbs 
    • density of hosuing tends to be lower
  39. (developed city) in most cities the suburbs cover the ..... area
    largest
  40. (developed city) a suburb is part of the urban area , which
    has grown outwards from the old ecntre across what was once countryside
  41. (developed city) in the suburbs along the sides of the main roads are .....-.... and .... .... houses and small ..... .... . Behind the main roads are more .... housing estates , mainly of ....... .... and ...... houses
    • inter-war 
    • semi detatched
    • shopping parades
    • modern 
    • semi detatched 
    • detatched
  42. (developed city) the inner suburbs are
    a residentail area surrounding the inner city , characterised by semi detatched houses and tree lined streets
  43. (developed city) there is less cnage in the suburbs than in the other zones because
    the houses are good for many more years and virtually all the land suitable for building has already been used
  44. (developed city) the suburbs
    are housing areas towards the edge of the city . Land here is cheaper and it's still close enough to commute into the CBD for work quite easily
  45. (developed city) In the UK and USA what type of families tend to live in the suburbs and why
    In the UK and USA middle-class families tend to live in the suburbs , because it's a nicer area and there's less crime and pollution than in the inner city
  46. (developed city) the rural urban fringe is the part of the city which is
    right at the edge of the city , where there are both urban land uses and rural land uses . Here you tend to find fewer but larger houses
  47. (developed city) the outer suburbs are a
    residential area towards the edge of the city , characterised by larger often detatched housing and modern housing estates

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