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2012-08-20 22:11:24
CMDS 3400

Anatomy and Physiology of the speech mechanisms introduction
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  1. What is anatomy?
    The study of the structure of an organism. 
  2. What is physiology?
    The study of the function of a living organism.
  3. What are the three main units?
    • 1. Respiration
    • 2. Phonation
    • 3. Articulation and Resonance 
  4. What are the different fields of Anatomy?
    • 1. Descriptive anatomy
    • 2. Pathological anatomy
    • 3. Gross and microscopic anatomy
    • 4. Developmental anatomy
    • 5. Histology and cytology
    • 6. Neuroanatomy 
  5. The trunk or torso is composed of
    • Thorax 
    • Abdomen
  6. What specific extremities are connected to the trunk?
    Both the upper and lower extremities 
  7. Muscle orientation 
    Peripheral- superficial 
  8. Cavities or organs
    External- Internal 
  9. to bend at a joint
  10. pulling two ends farther apart
    Extension/ Stretch
  11. arching the back, pointing the toes
    hyperextension or dorsiflexion
  12. The origin of ______, _______, ________, _______ come from _______ and ________.
    • 1. terms
    • 2. muscles
    • 3. bones
    • 4. cartilages
    • 5. Latin
    • 6. Greek
  13. What composes the body?
  14. Four basic types of tissues
    Epithelial, Connective, Muscular, Nervous
  15. cover; protective lining for the body and internal surfaces; superficial layer; sheet for protection
    Epithelial Tissue
  16. Two types of epithelial tissues 
    Simple (squamous) and compound (stratified and transitional) 
  17. structure; most complex intracellular material (matrix); may be solid, liquid, or gel like
    Connective tissue
  18. Connective tissue:
    Know the 8 types of supportive tissue
    areolar, adipose, lymphoid, white fibrous, yellow elastic, cartilage, (hyaline and fibro-yellow) bone, blood
  19. tissue that deals with movement; three types of this specific tissue
    muscle tissue
  20. three types of muscle tissue
    Striated or skeleta, smooth, cardiac
  21. This type of tissue is capable of contraction when stimulated.
    Muscle tissue
  22. transmits information and consists of neurons
    Nervous tissue
  23. Nervous tissue may send information from
    • 1. neuron to neuron
    • 2. neuron to muscle
    • 3. sensory receptors to other sites in the nervous system
  24. tissue that is a sheet like membrane
  25. white fibrous connective tissue
  26. Two types of ligaments
    visceral ligaments and skeletal ligaments 
  27. collagenous fibers (connective tissue)