Card Set Information
Anatomy and Physiology of the speech mechanisms introduction
What is anatomy?
The study of the structure of an organism.
What is physiology?
The study of the function of a living organism.
What are the three main units?
3. Articulation and Resonance
What are the different fields of Anatomy?
1. Descriptive anatomy
2. Pathological anatomy
3. Gross and microscopic anatomy
4. Developmental anatomy
5. Histology and cytology
The trunk or torso is composed of
What specific extremities are connected to the trunk?
Both the upper and lower extremities
Cavities or organs
to bend at a joint
pulling two ends farther apart
arching the back, pointing the toes
hyperextension or dorsiflexion
The origin of ______, _______, ________, _______ come from _______ and ________.
What composes the body?
Four basic types of tissues
Epithelial, Connective, Muscular, Nervous
cover; protective lining for the body and internal surfaces; superficial layer; sheet for protection
Two types of epithelial tissues
Simple (squamous) and compound (stratified and transitional)
structure; most complex intracellular material (matrix); may be solid, liquid, or gel like
Know the 8 types of supportive tissue
areolar, adipose, lymphoid, white fibrous, yellow elastic, cartilage, (hyaline and fibro-yellow) bone, blood
tissue that deals with movement; three types of this specific tissue
three types of muscle tissue
Striated or skeleta, smooth, cardiac
This type of tissue is capable of contraction when stimulated.
transmits information and consists of neurons
Nervous tissue may send information from
1. neuron to neuron
2. neuron to muscle
3. sensory receptors to other sites in the nervous system
tissue that is a sheet like membrane
white fibrous connective tissue
Two types of ligaments
visceral ligaments and skeletal ligaments
collagenous fibers (connective tissue)