Found in: bacon, butter, canned food, lunch meats, processed food, table salt, white & whole wheat bread
What is the intravascular space?
The space inside a blood vessel.
What is the intercellular space?
Refers to the fluid inside the cell.
What is the extracellular space?
The fluid outside the cell. (includes interstitial fluid, blood, water)
What is edema?
Excess accumulation of fluid in the interstitial space. (Swelling)
What is an Isotonic solution?
Fluid that has the same osmolality as other body fluids.
(0.9% sodium chloride, normal saline NS, ringers lactate, 5% dextrose in water)
What is a hypotonic solution?
A fluid that has a lower concentration of salt or solute. (0.45% sodium chloride)
Draws fluid from the cell thru osmosis.
What is a hypertonic solution?
A fluid that has a higher salt or solute concentration. (3% or 5% sodium chloride, 10% dextrose in water)
Used to draw water from vascular space into the cell.
What is the average amount of urine produced in a day?
Tests for hypocalcemia?
Trousseau's: hand/fingers contract when blood pressure cuff is applied.
Chvostek's: facial muscle contration when lightly tap on cheek.
What is the Allen's test?
Used for collateral circulation. The hand is checked for patency of the radial and ulnar arteries. Both arteries are occluded (closed off), then one is released to see if hand regains color. Then test the other.
What are some causes of respiratory acidosis (too much acid)?