GCSE Geography

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GCSE Geography
2012-08-29 07:26:33
urban change part three developing cities rapid urbanisation

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  1. (developing city)in asia shanty towns are called
  2. (developing city) In south America shanty towns are called
  3. (developing city) an individual slum dwelling is called a
  4. (developing city) all shanty towns are built :
    illegally i.e. without permission off the land owner . This is what makes them sqautter settlements
  5. (developing city) a squatter
    is a person who takes unauthorised possession of an unoccupied building or piece of land
  6. (developing city) describe a shanty town
    shanty towns are crowded , ramshackle , dirty looking places (on the outside at least , the inside of shacks are usually very clean !!) with bacteria and unhealthy conditions causing disease such as cholera and typhoid (from drinking dirty water) or lassa fever (contact with rats/rat droppings)
  7. (developing city) over time squatter settlements will change and
    be improved and look more like establised legal areas with normal houses
  8. (developing city) squatters need time --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- to be able to improve their shack
    to settle and find their feet and understand how the city works/how they might be able to prosper
  9. (developing city) how do the squatters go about improving their shack
    • they will probably get some kind of basic job and earn money 
    • they will meet others squatters and get to know them 
    • they may start work together as groups sometimes getting assistance from the city or council (local authority) to make things like basic sewers or a water supply or to connect power lines to street lamps or something similar (such schemes are known as self help or site and service)
  10. (developing city) squatter settlements have many good things as well as bad they are known for :
    their excellent family and community spirit , their lack of serious crime and the variety of jobs , opportunities and feeling of hope they offer their inhabitants
  11. (developing city) the rapid urbanisation of developing world cities has led to major problems . there are 3 main issues :
    • environmental problems (traffic congestion , water pollution , destruction of wildlife habitats and dwindling water supplies) 
    • social problems (shanty towns/squatter settlements and their asscoiated health risks)
    • economic problems (lack of income due to lack of proper jobs i.e. the formal sector compared to the informal sector 
  12. (developing city) name and describe two enviornmental problems in developing world cities
    In developing world cities there is traffic congestion this is when the roads are clogged up with too many vehicles , this leads to high levels of air pollution and their associated health risks including asthma and bronchitis . There is also water pollution . This is when rivers and seas are used as dustbins for human waste . This destroys all traces of plant and fish life
  13. explain why traffic congestion is worse in developing world cities
    Because unlike in developed cities transport in developing cities must compete for space with pedestrians , rickshaws , scooters , donkeys and other animals
  14. Explain why traffic pollution is worse in developing world cities
    Because the streets are clogged up all day with taxis , buses , lorries and cars , many of them are old with inefficient exhaust systems which leads to high levels of air pollution .
  15. Explain why water pollution is greater in developing world cities
    Because unlike developed cities developing cities have squatter settlements that are without proper sewage systems
  16. List the health problems of shanty town dwellers
    Water borne diseases such as diarrhoea , typhoid and cholera
  17. Explain why there are so many health problems in shanty towns
    Because sewage often runs down streets and pollutes the water supply . Diseases spread quickly because of the high density housing . Also there is often no refuge collection and any spare space becomes filed with rubbish another breeding ground for disease . Local shops and stalls , are often fly ridden and dirty and sell a limited range of poor quality foods that lack vitamins , proteins and calories needed for a healthy diet
  18. Explain why infants and children living in shanty towns are most at risk of devloping diseases
    Because healthcare is often too expensive and to far away to access . In some cities there are large numbers of street children , who have either run away or been abandoned due to A family break up
  19. One persons view "the simple solution to urban problems such as shanty towns is birth control" 
    Explain this view
    if the birth rate was controlled then there would be a smaller population so there will be less people competing for jobs , so in theory more people would be employed . this would mean that there would be more money and space to develop proper homes with essential services such as fresh water and electricity . there will also be less traffic congestion and pollution and the spread of disease will greatly be reduced
  20. One persons view "the simple solution to urban problems such as shanty towns is birth control" 
    why is it not the simple solution this person suggests
    because it will take generations to reduce the population and people may have ethical views against using contraceptives . It will also mean that there will have to be laws passed to limit the number children you have and this will take away some peoples rights and freedoms and some people may find it immoral
  21. it is common to see more than ...... of a developing country living in shantytowns 
  22. sqautter settlements are sited on any 
    spare land that the migrants can find . this includes steep slopes , swamps and rubbish tips