Oral Pathology for the Dental Hygienist

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Oral Pathology for the Dental Hygienist
2012-08-20 20:59:28
Oral Pathology Inflammation Repair

Chapter 2 Inflammation and Repair
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  1. A decrease in the size and function of a cell, a tissue, an organ, or the whole body is referred to as:
  2. The first response of the body to injury is:
  3. Which type of inflammation occurs when the injury is minimal and brief and its source is removed from the tissue?
  4. Which cell is the first to arrive at the site of injury and is the primary cell involved in acute inflammation?
  5. Which one of the following is not a classic local sign of inflammation?
    A. Redness
    B. Swelling
    C. Leukocytosis
    D. Loss of normal tissue function
  6. Healing of an injury in which there is little loss of tissue such as in a surgical incision is referred to as healing by:
    Primary intention
  7. The wearing away of tooth structure during mastication is called:
  8. The loss of tooth structure seen in bulimia is caused by:
  9. This patient comes to the office as an emergency. The patient complains of a toothache in the left mandibular posterior area. On clincial examination you notice a gray-to-white patch on the left posterior buccal mucosa. On questioning, the patient tells you that this area is also painful. After reviewing the patient's medical history, you question the patient regarding his recent use of:
  10. This white raised line observed anterior-posterior on the buccal mucosa along the occlusal plane is?
    Linea alba
  11. Which one of the following occurs when WBC adhere to the walls of a blood vessel during inflammation?
  12. Which one of the following is a systemic sign of inflammation?
  13. The enlargement of lymph nodes is called?
  14. The first microscopic event in the inflammatory response is?
    Constriction of the microcirculation
  15. Serous exudate is composed of:
    Plasma fluids and proteins with few white blood cells.
  16. When formation of exudate is excessive, a drainage tract may develop through the injured tissue. This channel is often called?
    A fistual
  17. Neutrophils constitute how much of the entire WBC population?
  18. All of the following are true concerning the neutrophil except that the neutrophile is:
    A. The first cell at the site of injury
    B. The primary cell in acute inflammation.
    C. The primary cell in chronic inflammation.
    D. A phagocyte.
    The primary cell in chronic inflammation.
  19. Which system in the blood mediates inflammation by causing increased dilation of the blood vessels at the site of injury and increases the permeability of local blood vessels?
    Kinin system
  20. Which one of the following is a steriodal antiinflammatory drug?
    A. Aspirin
    B. Prednisone
    C. Ibuprofen
    D. Motrin
  21. Which of the following is defined as an increase in the number of cells in a tissue or organ?
  22. Excessive scarring in skin is called:
    A keloid
  23. The first sign of attrition is:
    Disappearance of mamelons on incisors.
  24. Which one of the following is not a cause of abrasion?
    A. Pipe placement in pipe smokers.
    B. Musicians who play wind instruments.
    C. Holding needles or pins with the teeth.
    D. Frequent sucking on lemons.
    Frequent sucking on lemons.