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2012-08-20 23:25:33

Chapter 12
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  1. general adaptation syndrome:
    the kinetic chain's ability to adapt to stresses placed on it (body seeks homeostasis/physiological balance)
  2. selye three stages of response to stress:
    • alarm reaction- initial reaction to stressor
    • resistance development- body increases its functional capacity to adapt to the stressor
    • exhaustion- prolonged intolerable stressor produces fatigue and leads to a breakdown in the system or injury.
  3. periodization:
    division of a training program into smaller, progressive stages
  4. principle of specificity or specific adaptation to imposed demands (SAID)
    body will adapt to the specific demands that are placed on it
  5. mechanical specificity:
    the weight and movements placed on the body
  6. neuromuscular specificity
    speed of contraction and excercise selection
  7. metabolic specificity
    energy demand placed on the body
  8. strength
    • ability of the neuromuscular system to produce internal tension to overcome external force
    • a)stabilization -muscular endurance/stability
    • b)strength- strength endurance/hypertrophy/max strength
    • c)power- power
  9. muscular endurance:
    ability of the boyd to produce low levels of force and maintain them for extended periods
  10. stability:
    ability of the body to maintain postureal equilibrium and support joints during movement.
  11. strength endurance
    ability of the body to repeatedly produce high levels of force for prolonged periods.
  12. hypertrophy:
    enlargment of the skeletal muscle fiberss in response to overcoming force from high volumes of tension
  13. maximal strength:
    max force that a muscle can produce in a single, voluntary effort, regardless of velocity
  14. power:
    ability of the neuromuscular system to produce the greatest force in the shortest time
  15. peripheral heart action
    a variation of circuit training that uses diff excercies (upper and lower body) for each set through the circuit
  16. vertical loading:
    performing excercises on the OPT model template one after the other, in a vertical manner down the template
  17. horizontal loading:
    performing all sets of an exercise (or body part) before moving on to the next excercise (or body part)